During the 1930s over 9,000 banks failed. People lost their savings due to the bank deposits being uninsured. Banks that hadn’t failed almost completely stopped giving out loans. One event that led to the Great Depression that was not a direct cause was the Dust Bowl that occurred in the Mississippi Valley was so large that people could not pay their taxes or other debt they had, which caused them to have to sell their farms for no profit for themselves. People also stopped purchasing items which led to a reduction in the number of items being made and a cutback on staff.
Banks, stores, and factories were closed and left millions of Americans jobless, homeless, and penniless. Many people came to depend on the government or charity to provide them with food. It led to a sharp decrease in world trade as each country tried to protect their own industries and products by raising tariffs on imported goods. The economy continued to fall almost every month. At first, the stock market was an important but not the dominant influence.
Traders had a reduced amount of demand because no one wanted their goods, 18 000 farmers at the end of 1932 had lost everything and had gone bankrupt, this statistic also lines up with the fact that 1 in 20 farmers were evicted . Prices of houses plummeted by 80% of their original value There was a wide spread drought affecting areas such as Texas and Dakotas . the soil became eroded and the high winds created the terrible dust storms , this area was soon know as the dust
Increase in suicide rate: During depression and the market crash it is said that many people committed suicide as they lost everything they had. On the day of market crash it said that more than 10 brokers committed suicide. 3. People lost faith in government: After the market crash people didn’t trust the government. Many protest and strikes were carried out against the government.
International trade plunged by half to two-thirds, as did personal income, tax revenue, prices and profits. Cities all around the world were hit hard, especially those dependent on heavy industry. Construction was virtually halted in many countries. Farming and rural areas suffered as crop prices fell by roughly 60 percent. Facing plummeting demand with few alternate sources of jobs, areas dependent on primary sector industries such as farming, mining and logging suffered the most.
The Great Crash generally refers to the stock market crash (in America - Wall Street) on 29 October, 1929. It started on Thursday, 23 October when just before the 3:00 pm bell rang, the stock prices instantly fell. For the following week stocks fell lower and faster and changed hands so fast, the machines that kept track of these stocks seemed unable to cope up with the activity. All along while President Herbert Hoover reassured the people of America that the nation was “on a sound and prosperous basis”, more panic spread and because the uncertainty and risk was rising, people wanted their money back. In all this frenzy the United States Securities Regulation agencies could have shut down the market but they feared that would only spread more fear and could have led to a violent display of the emotions of the public.
The relationship of acute crisis in agriculture and the industrial crisis has made the economic depression worse, famers were angry with their government. The banks looked shaky and depositors wanted their money, making them shakier still, and in time many were forced to close. Factories and businesses got rid of large numbers of employees or closed down altogether, and soon there was no money to buy the farmer’s products or anything else and this causes people is inability to buy Agricultural products. “Farmers struggled with low prices all through the 1920s." Desperate bankers called in their loans, but farmers had no money to pay them and foreclosures and bankruptcy sales became daily events.
Not only did the banks lose everyone’s deposits but natural disasters such as droughts and dust storms hit the plain states in America as well (The 1930s). Between 1929 and 1932 the National Income was cut in half, which in turn led to the working class to have to lay off all of their employees. Companies all across america laid off nearly one-fourth of their employees. Most of the families that lived off of the steel, agricultural, and unions all suffered (The 1930s: Lifestyles and social trends: Overview). After the
It devastated not only in the U.S economy and but worldwide. Before the crash, the stock market experienced an all-time high that the Dow Jones Industrial Average reached a record high 381.2. By November, it plummets to as a low 199 and with this low, it caused stocks to lose value about 90 percent. In lieu of the crash of this created a great depression, and it was the longest and most severe depression every experienced by the industrialized Western world. “The fundamental changes impacted the economic institutions in example, banks and macroeconomic policy and economic theory” .
Nallely Sagastume Pillsbury US History February 27, 2018 The Great Depression The 1920s was a chaotic time, it dealt with a worldwide depression that affected many countries but most specifically the United States. During this time the economy drifted into a deep decline and left many people jobless and struggling to financially support their families. Many things were going off balance and there seemed no way to solve it, the farming industry fell, unequal distribution of wealth was going around and overproduction was losing a great amount of money, these problems greatly contributed to the Great Depression. The world was falling into chaos but no one really knew what to do until President Franklin D. Roosevelt came up with a great solution