Although the American Dream seemed more attainable than ever in the 1920’s, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s, The Great Gatsby demonstrates how materialism and the demise of moral values in society leads to the corruption and impossibility of the American Dream. This is accomplished through the use of symbols such as the Valley of Ashes, The Eyes of Dr. T.J. Eckleburg, and The Green Light. These 3 symbols play a huge roll in the novel for each of them are massively important in their own ways. Mid-way between New York City and West Egg, lies the Valley of Ashes. The Valley of Ashes is a dreary place symbolizing the moral descent of society.
This simple fact always rings true. The rich rule. If this is so, why is Scrooge not living lavishly and happy, given his abundant wealth. This is because wealth and greed are not the same. In the beginning of this book, Scrooge would rather hassle families and bring misery to the community than to spend the money he already has on a nice Christmas.
F. Scott Fitzgerald, Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald in full, (born September 24, 1896, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.—died December 21, 1940, Hollywood, California), was an American short-story writer and novelist famous for his depictions of the Jazz Age (the 1920s), with his most famous novel being The Great Gatsby (1925). His wife, Zelda, was his muse and her likeness is prominently featured in his works including This Side of Paradise, The Beautiful and the Damned, The Great Gatsby and Tender Is the Night (Mizener). To escape the life that they together feared might bring them to an end, the Fitzgeralds (together with their daughter, Frances, called “Scottie,” born in 1921) moved in the 1920s to France, where they became a part of a group of American expatriates; Fitzgerald described this society in his last completed novel, Tender Is the Night. Shortly after their arrival in France, Fitzgerald completed his most famous novel, The Great Gatsby (1925). All of Fitzgerald's divided nature is in this novel, the naive Midwesterner afire with the possibilities of the “American Dream” in its hero, Jay Gatsby, and the compassionate Yale gentleman in its narrator, Nick Carraway.
These two ideological systems emerge, with the aim of providing a better situation to workers and to promote an economic growth through different strategies. Socialists believe that the economic control can be achieved by involving the majority in the implementation of a classless society and equality. According to the socialist ideal, production and capital should be distributed according to the work of people, the amount and quality of work performed. However, they consider important to have enough production to meet the wants and needs of all within society. The authors highlight various proposals of socialism of the era, which they categorized into three; the reactionary socialism, bourgeois or conservative socialism, and critical-utopian socialism and communism.
Gatsby is an immaculate portrayal of the rags to riches the topic that the American dream epitomizes. He originates from a modest foundation and works, though illicitly, to better himself and to accomplish riches. He has a fantasy and seeks after it. His respectable expectations have been tainted by the ownership he has. The gatherings that he tosses are gone to by individuals who he scarcely even knows and he doesn 't have many genuine companions confirm by the participation at his burial service.
The whole of these associations of production forms the actual basis on which rises a lawful and political superstructure, at a positive phase of their growth, the material creative forces of civilization move towards into disagreement with the existing relations of production. From forms of growth of the productive forces these dealings turn into restraints. Then begins an period of communal revolution. With the modification of the economic establishment the huge superstructure is quickly changed. THEORY OF HUMAN NATURE: ECONOMICS, SOCIETY AND
Globalization is said to be a tool and instrument for multinational corporations and global capital, but the reality is that it is sustained by government and institutions (trade.ec.europa.eu). They liberalize trade, protect investment, and define the size, shape, equity, and social justice of the global economy, and these lead to their goal to guarantee monetary stability. The global trading systems, such as the GATT and the WTO, is a political choice, and it can only be maintained by political choices. Governments are the ones who make the choice on behalf of their represented people. (trade.ec.europa.eu) The highest expectations are expected from the world’s largest economies, the governments of America and Europe.
In addition, one of the most representative example of illustrating this ideology is the popularization of entrepreneurial budgeting. Entrepreneurial budgeting empowers citizens and uses decentralized authority. It provides departments with more freedom to decide the budget and achieve the goals. The second major American ideology is capitalism. Under capitalism, people tends to limit the role of government and give play to the free market effect.
One of the characters who show a lack of contentment is Ebenezer Scrooge. Mr. Scrooge is an extremely wealthy man who did not appreciate the abundance of wealth that he had and always wished for more. During a discussion that he and his nephew were having near the beginning of the play, Scrooge interrogated, “What right have you to be merry? What reason have you to be merry? You’re poor enough.” In return, his nephew replied, “What right have you to be dismal?
to exchange internal growth and advancement for the development of external possessions which can never be really hers?” The argument largely centered on upholding the quality of life in America. Accordingly, Carnegie wrote, “The luxuries of the masses in other lands are the necessaries of life in ours.” By avoiding the lure of imperialism, “(America is) impregnable against serious attack,” and can focus on its own internal advancement. Twain’s argument against imperialism differs strongly from the ideas of Carnegie. Twain views imperialism as contradictory to America’s core values. The Anti-Imperialist League uses democracy, or the concept of people holding the power, to assert, “that a government derives its just powers from the consent of the governed.” Twain claims, “There must be two Americas: one that sets the captive free, and one that takes a once captive's new freedom away from him.” Like the Anti-Imperialist League, Twain believes imperialism infringes upon the rights America claims to give individuals.