Due to not having the right facilities or not enough money to buy these facilities themselves, their clothes were often dirty, soiled and they reeked of sewerage and unwashed bodies. Their clothes were often made with cheap coarse fabric. The Gap between them The between the Upper and Middle class was very small as they lived much the same lives. However, the gap between the Upper/Middle classes and the Working class was immense. The difference in living standards and jobs were the main contributors to this gap, nevertheless, the industrial revolution made this gap even wider due to the urbanisation of towns and cities and unemployment.
It was found that this problem occurs is among migrating to the cities to find work. Therefore, these people are forced to compete with each other to get a job while they do not have any specific skills in a particular field of endeavor in order to get a job. Level of education beyond graduation certificate alone does not guarantee great to get a job in the formal sector, as most companies are more concerned with efficiency and skill in carrying out the management. Therefore, those who graduated less difficult to get a job in the city thereby increasing the number of unemployed in the city. Some features of the urban poor have been found as follows the level of education is low,the absence of employment opportunities,the size of the output in the large and lack of facilities and public facilities(Chan,
All ages got the enjoyment of life stolen from them in this rigid era. Lack of help would only ruin these people as well as the time period as a whole. Poverty wasn’t always an issue, but came about with the increase of industrialism (Swisher 42). It was during the middle of Queen Victoria’s reign and was labeled England’s “biggest trouble” (Evans). The accumulation in population added onto the problem by leaving more people to be replaced by machines and eventually become poor.
Living in the Medieval times, the merchant/ trader was very important positions trading special goods that others were not able to have. The merchant was usually found in towns and was lower on the social pyramid only above the peasants and serfs. Most of the time they were at their shop in the town and sold everyday things. Traders traded with other people who had stuff to get rid of the stuff they didn’t want to get stuff they did want. Lots of times, merchants had the power, because they could sell them a piece of clothing and get more money than it is actually worth.
A lot of houses with shops were demolished during the construction of roads and many of the street ventures were forced to leave their places. Here arise a question; did the street ventures and kirana pasal get the right to get enterprise? Even though, government imposes high tax to the small enterprises because of which small firm can not establish its existence in the market. Government takes overall 13% tax as VAT and 3.5 % of their income as tax. It is really a difficult task for the business man of kirana pasal to pay tax to them as half of the income is paid to the taxpayers.
This is because it would increase the unemployment rate, harm worker health and step up living expense. Minimum wage law tends to have a worse effect on the employment rate. In fact, 90% of the company in Hong Kong is small and medium enterprises and their daily operation is already difficult. By setting up the SMW, those companies are required to follow the law but most of them are not able to afford the extra expenses from pay rise. According to Schmitt (2013), the minimum wage has slight or even no noticeable effect on the employment rate in that the cost generated by minimum wage is large relative to most of the firms.
There are over 0.2 million people registered as rural people, who are the main source of migrant workers in China. “Hu Kou” system not only restrict these migrant workers from rural area to have the same social welfare as urban residents. Their children cannot receive high school education instead of in local province, their medical insurance is different, the average pension is less. It is also hard to apply the relevant bureaucracies for permission and the provals are tightly controlled. Besides, “Hu Kou ”system also result the discriminations of these rural residents, they are regarded as low education and cheap labour in big cities.
The wage of labors in the south decreased because of this. This inequality in wages not only hampers the individual worker also affects the national economy. With the minimum wage from the western multinational companies the laborers of south cannot fulfill the basic needs of them and their families. It results in increase of corruption, crime and many other anti-social activities. As a result, the development becomes really challenging as the above stated events causes loss in the economy.
They are running out of space. Even the city’s garbage drums are home to people who eat, sleep and live surrounded by rotting trash with so many residents, the city’s resources are trained to the limit. Large parts of Manila 11 million resident lacks of clean drinking water, work, and access to healthcare and education. The
Those small individual tenants are forced to close down as they cannot afford the increasing land rent, the shops remained will be those big-chain shops. Small business can hardly survive as they are not as competitive with ParknShop or Manning which can pay for the high rent. The variety of shops decrease and only limited choices are provided, this creates the problem of monopoly. Moreover, the sense of community will also be weakened as all of the small tenants usually have close relationships between neighborhood shopkeepers. This will also lose a lot of local culture and shops with their own characteristics.