This happened in the 1930’s in the Soviet Union. By examining the life of Joseph Stalin, the number of executions of political prisoners, and the aftermath of the genocide, it is clear that Stalin’s genocide was one of the worst things to happen in the world. The perpetrator was Joseph Stalin. He was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, also known as the USSR. Stalin was not like other dictators.
Hitler had dozens of camps in Germany, the biggest one was Auschwits, where millions of people have died. The Nazi wanted more power, they were very aggressive and invaded many countries. Elie Wiesel, the author the autobiography Night shares what it was like and what he had to go through during the Holocaust. One important part of Night is Elie's relationship with his father. In the book, Elie feels close to his father, but after time they start to fall apart.
An explanation of how the accused died, who was targeted, and who carried out the killings will enable one to understand who was responsible and how they carried out this event. Those accused of treason by Stalin were arrested and sent to gulags - harsh political labor camps where they were questioned. For example, “The NKVD…
The Party press merely declared that the eight generals were accused of espionage on behalf of Germany and Japan, anti-party conspiracy, cooperation with Trotsky, and plotting the territorial dismemberment of the USSR. Finally there is the Trial of the Twenty One (including Bukharin) in March 1938. The defendants were charged with the usual combination of treason, espionage, diversion, terrorism and wrecking as said in (Scales, Diann, "Stalin and the purges"). One of the men on trial here was head of the NKVD, Henry Yagoda. The NKVD was how stalin was able to arrest so many people.
The Holocaust was one of the darkest events in world history. In total, more than 6 million Jews were killed as well as many others. Life before the Holocaust, however, started it all. Anti-semitism played a big role and created violent tension between the Jews and the Germans. When Adolf Hitler came into power in Germany he made an anti- Semitism an official government policy.
Stalin, the leader of the Communist army in Russia and the most powerful man in the past uses violence to the ones that go against him. He has a style of dictatorship where many people suffer. Gunshots going across, people dying out, outcry, burst in tears with bruises all over the body, killing in harsh condition all occurs during Russian Revolution. The historical background of George Orwell’s Animal Farm is also the Russian Revolution. In the book, Napoleon uses dictatorship to order other animals, uses accuration, and give harsh punishment who block his way.
Soldiers protested about the poor food and water conditions, and therefore rebelled and took their commanding officer hostage requesting the redress of the Emperor. In this period of unrest and chaos, the Provisional Military Administrative Council (Derg) was established as a false ally towards the emperor. After becoming a high figure, they immediately began to arrest members of the aristocracy, military, and government who were closely associated with the emperor and the old order. By late August, the emperor had been directly accused of covering up the Welo and Tigray famine of the early 1970s that allegedly had killed 200,000 people which caused him to be imprisoned on September 12. The Derg’s concepts embodies slogans such as “self-reliance”, and “the supremacy of the common good” in order to make peace with the citizens and show that the Derg was fighting for them.
During World War 2, the most evident traits of totalitarianism were the Nazi’s military terror that led to the Warsaw ghetto, Hitler’s persecution of the Jews that resulted in death camps like Auschwitz, and Stalin’s control of individuals that caused famine across millions. Hitler and the Nazis used military terror in World War 2 to force Jews into the Warsaw Ghetto, which resulted in starvation and death. Military terror was a tactic used by rulers to gain obedience through violence. Many times leaders have a special police force to protect the government's interests and scare the people into abiding by their rules. In Germany, Hitler used military terror to enforce his leadership with the help from the Nazi party.
Eleven million lives were massacred in one of the world’s darkest moments attempting to create a perfect race. In 1942 Germany was losing World War II, Adolf Hitler 's final solution was to target the blame towards Europe 's Jewish population, gypsies, and homosexuals. Together Hitler and the Nazi regime gradually deprived the Jews, gypsies and homosexuals from their rights. Many people were brought to labor camps by train. The conditions in camps were inhumane.
During Kristallnacht (“The night of the broken glass”), 8,000 Jewish businesses were destroyed, 30,000 Jews taken to concentration camps. Almost 2,000 through 2,500 deaths were caused by the terrible events of that horrible night. This tragedy was not only the SS and SA carrying out this persecution but it was met with involvement of many German citizens. German citizens aren’t as innocent as history makes them. Now there were some Germans who opposed to the Holocaust, that were afraid to speak out because Hitler was so powerful at the time.
In the background of the portrait, the prison of Bastille, a symbol of the old regime still stands. In July of 1789, the Bastille was stormed by both men and women to obtain gunpowder and weapons, and was later demolished, destroying a symbol of oppression. Its shows the fearful faces of the nobility, and the clergy as the Third Estate consisted of about 98% of the population. With the shortages of food and economic depression, violence became more prevalent as peasants revolted and attacked the homes of their lords destroying documents of their dues freeing them of their oppressive contacts. This became known as the Great Fear and inspired the National Assembly to abolish
Holocaust Definition: The Holocaust was an event some people call ‘Hell on Earth’. It was a time where very few people were safe. The Holocaust started when Hitler gained power in Germany in 1941 and led the Nazis in a mass murder. One by one the Nazis tried to clear out the population of not only Jewish people, but also the mentally and physically disabled, gypsies, and homosexuals; more than 6 million people were killed. It was a time where you were told how you should act and what you should believe and if you chose to be different you were tortured and killed (Holocaust Encyclopedia).
Stalin doubted the loyalty of the Leningrad, so he sent Nikolaev to murder Sergei Kirov. This event was Stalin’s reason to create harsh laws for political crime. After this, many party members were blamed for Kirov’s murder and arrested (Repression and Terror: Kirov Murder and Purges). Beginning in 1936, Stalin had three Moscow Trials held. Stalin had the NKVD execute thousands of people in 1937 (Memorial to Stalin executions erected).
Nikitchenko was one of the Soviet Union 's judges. He had presided over several infamous show trials used by Joseph Stalin to convict his so-called enemies during the Great Purge of 1936 to 1937 (Davenport 59). During these show trials, Stalin would send innocent people to work camps or have them killed (Davenport 59). This does not reflect very well on Nikitchenko 's role and mission in the Nuremberg trials. Nikitchenko 's action to oversee such crimes was very wrong.