President Lyndon Baine Johnson President Lyndon Baine Johnson was a Democratic president who was served six years in offices from 1964-1969. He became president after the assassination of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. In his six years he escalated action in Vietnam during the Tet Offensive, he promised to make the economy better with his Great Society along with the promise to rid the us of poverty by fighting the War on Poverty, then in the Civil Rights movement he created and passed the Voting Rights Act of 1964. President Johnson dealt with many hardships as president, with many controversial events. When President Johnson became president in 1964 one of his biggest promise was to fix the country's economy.
Following the Civil War (1861-1865), a trio of constitutional amendments abolished slavery, making the former slaves citizens and gave all men the right to vote regardless of race. Nonetheless, many states particularly in the South, used poll taxes, literacy tests and other similar measures to keep their Black neighbors practically broke. They also enforced strict segregation through “Jim Crow” laws and condoned violence from white supremacist groups like the Ku Klux Klan. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
On august, 6, 1965 President Lyndon Johnson signed a law that made it easier for African Americans to vote in the US elections. Up until that time, some community’s attempted to discriminate against black people and members of other minority group. They required voters to take written tests or pay special taxes four the write to vote The Voting Rights Act of 1965 put an end to voter discrimination.
The Sixties were end up with full of surprises. The sixties were included most memorable events of American history such as rising tide of protest, war, and crisis of Cuba. The sixties also consider as an era of new technology were America had launched new space program and nuclear missiles. The role of two similar leaders John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Baines Johnson was very important to drive America forward. The research paper is give detail about the important events of sixties during the presidency of John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson.
On March 7, 1965, in Selma, Alabama, the first of three Civil Right marches took place on the Edmund Pettus Bridge. The purpose of these peaceful marches was to protest the discriminatory voter registration practices that kept African-American citizens in Alabama from voting. As the peaceful protesters crossed the bridge, they were greeted by Alabama state troopers, who instructed them to end the protest immediately; when the protesters refused, the state troopers unleashed a barrage of attacks. Protesters were attacked by police dogs, beaten with clubs, and had their eyes stung by tear gas; all of which, were caught on camera, as activists asked that the march be publicized-not knowing that it would become violent. This event came to be known as “Bloody Sunday”.
1962 marked the beginning of a new era for the South. Baker Vs. Carr, a landmark Supreme Court Case, determined that malappropriated state legislatures were unconstitutional. The Baker Decision resulted in an increase of legislators from urban districts. Rural legislators, who were once in complete control of state capitols, could no longer dominate legislatures in the South.
Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27, 1908, in Johnson City which his family had helped settle. Johnson City was a religious town, it was hard-shell and had old testament religion.(Caro 91) Growing up, he felt the sting of rural poverty, working his way through Southwest Texas State Teachers College, and learning compassion for the poverty and discrimination of others when he taught students of Mexican descent in Cotulla, Texas. This firsthand look at the effects of poverty and discrimination made a deep impression on Johnson and sparked in him a lifelong desire to find solutions to these problems. After teaching in Houston, Johnson entered politics; in 1930, he campaigned for Welly Hopkins in his run for Congress.
Two specific examples of federal laws rulings that were victories in the equality movements were President Johnson Voting Rights Act in 1965 prohibiting racial discrimination in voting. It was aimed to overcome legal barriers preventing African American from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment in 1870. Various discriminatory practices were used to prevent African Americans to exercises their right to vote especially in the South mean African Americans were mistreated violently attacked when trying to vote. The voting act banned the use of literacy testing and made poll taxing illegal. This law gave legal law means to challenge voting restrictions.
The Ninth Amendment states, "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people". This was meant to stop the government from being able to increase their power, and it was put in as a precautionary measure. When James Madison introduced this amendment, The Anti-Federalist's supported it because they feared having a strong government. The Anti-Federalist's were the ones whom of which demanded a Bill of Rights. They wanted to ensure that the government wouldn’t be another tyrannical one.
Before the founding of our nation, we were all considered human, all an individual, all connected, until affluence classified us, politics separated us, and the color of our skin spoke for us. This issue of racism, our skin color “speaking for us”, created political problems—one of them embodying voting discrimination among African Americans. To respond to voting discrimination, African Americans utilized demonstrations to rebel. In the Selma to Montgomery March of 1965, over 500 African Americans marched to demand voting rights.