The American Civil War that was started due to the controversy over slavery in 1861, was won by The Union supported by President Lincoln against the Confederate states. President Lincoln’s original goal during the civil war was to reunify the nation as quickly as possible and help both sides come to an understanding. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the newly formed United States’ reconstruction era began. The Reconstruction era was put into effect by the Congress in 1866 and lasted until 1877. The Union’s victory in the Civil War had given African Americans a new sense of hope, devastated the southern economy, and eased the history of disunity in American political life.
The Compromise of 1850 was a compromise proposed by Henry Clay regarding the future of slavery, especially in the territories acquired during the Mexican American War. This vital compromise delayed the Civil War for several years, and temporally extinguished the slavery issue. Despite the balance brought through the compromise neither North nor South was content with the compromise. Several speakers made speeches stating their opinions on the compromise, and their plan for the future of the country. Henry Clay’s speech on February 6, 1850, describes the great accomplishments of the United States and the necessity to resolve the territorial issue that threats to cause Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln, who is widely known as an advocator against slavery, was, in the beginning, not strongly one way or another. He said, that, “My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not to save or destroy slavery” (Doc. 10). His opinion later changed when he got a visit from Fredrick Douglas and he because a pro-abolitionist. After the civil war ended, all freed men were supposed to be given 40 acres of land, taken from the chief rebels but things got complicated, and most rebels were forgiven, and given their land back (Doc.
Through the analysis of his speech, it is evident that Lincoln was aiming at preserving the union and this made a great contribution to American Civil War. His act of preserving the union was for the sole purpose of strengthening the country and bring it closer through his ideas that were open minded. Through his speech we can point out the cause of the civil war, the people responsible for it, the consequences of the war and also why his inauguration speech is considered important in early history of America. The actual event was propelled by the victory of the Union which was attained only after a lot of blood was shed and the results were the abolition of slavery. Even though slavery had lasted for a longer period of time, the civil war was also long.
In December 1863 Lincoln announced his Reconstruction Plan and decided that any state who seceded could be readmitted to the Union, but only if they accepted Presidential Decisions about slavery and took an oath of loyalty towards the Constitution. He also declared that once one tenth of voters had taken an oath, the state could elect new representatives to the Congress and begin a new government. The Plan was rejected by the Congress. After Lincoln 's death Vice-President Johnson became the President and was in charge of completing reconstruction. Johnson declared in December 1865 that every state whom agreed with the Thirteenth Amendment against slavery could join the Union.
The Emancipation Proclamation was used as a “necessary war measure, it would be considered a temporary emergency measure- not a law passed by Congress” ( Woog 26). However the Emancipation Proclamation led the way for the 13th amendment. Lincoln knew that the Emancipation Proclamation could be easily overturned at the completion of the war. He knew that he would need an amendment to guarantee the end of slavery. The amendment however, would not come easy.
Abraham Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation, issued on the 1st of January 1863, was a presidential declaration that intended to abolish slavery. The counter argument may be stated that Lincoln’s proclamation was merely a war measure that only ended slavery in certain areas in order to ensure victory for the North. However, the emancipation proclamation marked the beginning of the end of the institution of slavery thus it was a success. Argument: Abraham Lincoln refers to his proclamation as "the central act of my administration, and the greatest event of the 19th century." (Source B2) Lincoln’s proclamation was one of strategy as it aimed to abolish slavery as well as recruit those previously enslaved to help the North win the civil war.
So the Union wanted to grant him his wish and they did. Civil War was resolved on May 9, 1865. General Robert E. Lee surrender to the Union in Northern Virginia. The war was very hard to resolve because the South believe in the idea of slavery very much. The “Terms of a Military Convention” was signed by both generals saying that the war was over and the Union has won.
Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction dealt was the prohibiting of slavery. During the war the Emancipation Proclamation was a huge turning point. Even though it had regulations, it gave the slaves hope. President Lincoln then offered his 10% plan.
Lincoln freed slaves where he had no power and did nothing where he had power. He never intended to free slaves, at least not immediately, and had suggested a system of apprenticeship. In his Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, Lincoln said he would recognize any rebel state in which one-tenth of the voters took an oath of allegiance to the United States and renounced slavery, but he said nothing of the blacks. At the unveiling of Lincoln’s monument after his death, Frederick Douglass told of Lincoln’s white supremacy by saying that he was devoted to the welfare of the white men, and he was willing to sacrifice the rights of colored people to promote the welfare