This rule of law meant the institutionalization of justice (i.e. having a justice system), where cases are heard and verdicts are being reached based on evidence. Justice shifted from been a personal vendetta or responsibility to been the responsibility of the state set down by the laws of the state. These represented a more democratic society, which was more modern. Literature as a whole is a direct representation of human existence and the beauty of the Greek drama is that it is portrayed in front of an audience, and as the words are being spoken the audience can directly relate and comprehend the actions of the characters.
This civic humanism can be seen in the way Florence has structured their governance on the Athenian model. Ancient Athens used a series of magistracies both civil and military to control the populace and provide citizens of nobility more notable rank. The decisions in Athens
However, the militarized society of Sparta and the warrior mindset didn’t chose alienation of the masses over the integration of the weakest members of the society. With that in mind, we will now look at the finer details of the governmental systems of these two city states. Discussion How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Athenians participated in the public life and the process of decision making for the community, by the means of direct democracy; Thetes - all free male members who were also a citizen of Athens – had the right to partake in debates and passing laws in Ekklesia or “People’s
Plato was looking at justice starting from the individual and then, to make things clearer, in the state. He seems to invert the usual relationship: rather than seeing our ideas as arising out of social discourse, he treats the state as an illustration of the mind. In The Republic, Plato’s conventional definition: “to pay everyone what is owed to him” is promptly deconstructed by “Socrates”, who points out that according to this, one should harm one’s enemies and help one’s friends, but “it can never be just to harm anyone. (Plato, 1974) Socrates insists that one cannot base justice on self-interest or convention. Glaucon instinctively feels that justice must be one of those qualities which are loved both for their beneficial consequences and for their own sake.
Although mythological tales are viewed by many as fantasies, mythology is comprised of various versions of distorted stories that attempt to explain life 's mysteries, to describe the journeys of heroes in past generations, and to provide a unique identity to Greek culture. In Greek culture, the gods did not shape mankind in their own image, mankind shaped the gods in their image. The gods were created with human characteristics so that the Greeks would easily relate to the gods. The god, Apollo, was given his muscular aspect by the Greeks who watched strong athletes compete in the Olympics. To make Greek stories seem historical and realistic, heroes were given Greek birthplaces.
In the article Why Jury Trials are Important to a Democratic Society it says “Most countries do not have jury trials. It is one of the things that make us unique as a country, and something we should be proud of.” We should accept this right to participate in jury trials because it is in our constitution and many people fought for this right. Also from the article Why Jury Trials are Important to a Democratic Society it states “The founding fathers believed that the right to be tried by a jury of your peers was so important that it merited inclusion in the highest law of the land.” This shows that the people who
Aristoteles y Plato are two of the greatest philosophers in history. Plato was a teacher of Aristotle, so it is common that we find some similarities between them. Aristoteles does not agree with the political and social philosophy of Plato; but both have something in common, in his two books, Plato with “The Republic” and Aristoteles with “Politics”, both try to decipher what is "the ideal state". For Aristotle, man is a political animal that lives in a polis, or state. For man to develop and be happy, he has to live within a society that is governed by laws and regulations; for Aristotle this is a political life, and for him, Plato's theory regarding complete unity violates the nature of this political life.
Firstly, the dialogue between Socrates and Thrasymachus starts with the question that justice is the interest of the stronger or not. For this Thrasymachus says: “…in all states there is the same principle of justice, which is the interest of the government; and as the government must be supposed to have power, the only reasonable conclusion is, that everywhere there is one principle of justice, which is the interest of the stronger.” (Plato, The Republic, book I, page 16) In this point, Socrates gets an idea that the government, the ruler or gold group of the city get a justice even when they are not right. The rulers always right, because they get a benefit by injustice. In this case, Thrasymachus’s point is when ruler gets a justice by injustice, and it is a winner. The ruled gets an injustice by justice, and it is a loser.
1. What are the central elements of the Greek democratic tradition and the Roman republican tradition, and how are these reflected in modern conceptions of democracy, such as Dahl’s polyarchy (MS, 32-33) and MS’s typology (MS, 42-45)? Though Greek democracy is different in many ways than what we would call democracy today, it held some of the same qualifications that are still valued in democracy today. The central elements of Greek democratic tradition were based off of Liberty, equality and the rule of law(MS, Loc 380-485 of 6694). For the Greeks, Liberty was a term used somewhat vaguely to mean freedom of being a slave, but also meaning to have the right to participate in politics as well as to not be repressed by politics (MS,
"An educated, enlightened and informed population is one of the surest ways of promoting the health of a democracy." ~ Nelson Mandela, 6 October 2003. Introduction: Democracy is a system of government for the citizens to choose their leaders and to hold them accountable for their policies and demeanour in office. The saying “laws are made for the people by the people” is true as people vote for candidates who are elected representatives who 's job it is to make law. If state and lawmakers are careful in identifyings societiy’s needs and problems, law should improve quality of life.