The harsher penalties for crack cocaine offenses were supported by most of the Congressional Black Caucus, including New York Representatives Major Owens of Brooklyn and Charles Rangel of Harlem, who at the time headed the House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control (Brooks, 2003). Crack was destroying black communities, and many black political leaders wanted dealers to face longer sentences. Some suggest that the crack–powder distinction was enacted partly because of conscious or unconscious racism. But it is noteworthy that none of the black members of Congress made that claim at the time the bill was initially discussed. The absence of any complaint by black members of Congress that the crack–powder differential was racially unfair speaks volumes.
Recent studies among various African populations indicate that rates of HIV infection in young women aged 15 to 19 may be five to six times higher than in young men. Social impacts – families bear the brunt of the misery caused by AIDS because those who fall ill become unable to work, forcing family members to care for them rather than producing food or income. Families are also subject to discrimination if they have members who are HIV-positive, often facing reduced access to publicly available social and economic
.” “Black Americans remain the most despised among the community of human races, reinforced via media images. In response is Black self-hate acted out by the political conservatism of Black American Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas as icon. Black Conservatives insist that Blacks who fail, if they want, can succeed much as any other. Conversely, research substantiates that the self-hate pathology Black Americans who fail suffer precipitates a decrease in leukocyte telomere length (LTL). A decrease in LTL is a reduction in life span longevity.
We both have HIV and AIDS...we don't need a condom. Not true. Experts are seeing more and more incidences of re-infection, making HIV and AIDS treatment even more difficult. 9. HIV and AIDS only affects gay men and drug users In fact, HIV and AIDS can infect anyone.
Wealthy white men took advantage of this myth by raping their black female slaves in the antebellum era, taking away their sexual freedom. The actual reason that some black women willingly had sex with white men however, was due to the fact that they believed that sex with their wealthy white owners was the only way they were going to gain advantages in slavery. Estelle Freedman discusses in her text, “Contesting Rape of Black Women”, that the idea that all black women were hypersexual was still being used in the postbellum era by wealthy white men to continually justify the rape of these women. The wealthy white men felt intimidated that black women had begun to gain some freedom and wanted to tighten their control over them by continuing the Jezebel myth. Freedmen talks about this in her chapter when she explains how wealthy white men, "treated all black women as acceptable sexual outlets for what a northern journalist referred to as ‘the licentious passions of Southern white men.’ Rather than define their assaults as rape, these men presumed that black women either welcomed them or had no moral purity to defend” (Freedman
This in itself is another risk to public health because they may have contracted HIV in prison because they had a seven times higher chance of contracting the disease, and they are now back out on the streets and possibly sharing needles with other addicts and drug users which could spread the disease drastically among the community. While conducting their normal risky behavior it may be unknown to them that they have actually contracted the HIV
Life behind bars would be one of the lowest points in life for many Americans, but according to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, one in one-hundred-and-ten adults are in a correctional facility. These people are putting themselves or others in harm’s way, and rightfully lose some civil rights due to their actions. I would say the majority of society would not want murderers or rapists roaming the streets, but what if someone was convicted of a non-violent marijuana offense? Are they just as much of a danger to society as the prior offenders mentioned? The “war on drugs” is made out to be one of the largest causes of mass incarcerations in the United States, but difficulties within legislation, the prison-industrial complex, and lack of
In a Las Vegas conference, Milton William Cooper states that HIV/AIDS is a man-made deliberate virus created to eliminate blacks and homosexuals. ~lead As of December 31, 2000 a count of 774,467 people reported having a case of HIV/AIDS and 68% were black or Hispanic. Milton William Cooper has written multiple reports and excerpts in hopes that someday some nation or organization has enough courage to stop the execution of humans whose races were already having others bestride upon them. In Cooper’s book Behold A Pale Horse it states that, “ In 1969… the United States Defense Department requested and got $10 million to make the Aids virus in lab(s) as a political/ethnic weapon to be used mainly against blacks”(Cooper 446). In 1978 in experimental
The word incarceration and racism also link together to explain how as a result of the War on Drugs, the U.S. is one of the top countries with the highest imprisonment rate and more African-Americans or low-class minorities are convicted of drug crimes than any other ethnicity or social class. Since, the majority of African-Americans live in areas of drug involvement, they are more likely to be racially profiled and investigated. This has created an uneven ethnic ratio in prisons and produced stereotypes that affect children that prevent them from becoming abiding citizens.
There is about a one in three chance of women being raped .The genital injuries that result from forced sex increase the likelihood of HIV infection; when virgins and children are raped the risk of infection is higher .In cases of gang rape, exposure to multiple assailants’ further increases risk of transmission. Women with a history of being sexually abused are more likely to engage in unsafe sex, have multiple partners, and trade sex for money. Violent male partners are also more likely to have sexually transmitted infections (STIs). These factors combine to put women who suffer sexual violence at very high risk of contracting