Saint Domingue was one of the richest colonies of the Americas during the late eighteenth century. Its extravagance resulted from their large production of highly demanded coffee, cotton, and sugar, which heavily depended on strict slave regime. Slaves, many whom were African born, made up the vast majority of the population and suffered poor working and living conditions. The anger of slaves caused the Haitian Revolution, which would lead to Haiti freeing itself from its oppressor and becoming an independent republic in the Caribbean. The Haitian Revolution created a profound effect not only the former French colony, but also acted as a leader for reformation around the world.
After we had fought the brutal, decimating Civil War, white supremacy in the caused our nation to take two steps further than we were even before the War. Obviously, hearing this, sounds like extreme conflict. Ironically enough though, this major step back in history was called, “The Compromise of 1877.” Unfortunately, this “compromise” did way more harm than good for African Americans. The Compromise of 1877 was a corrupt agreement between three powerful southern states and Rutherford B. Hayes that led to him being elected President and the stripping away from African American rights. After the Civil War, “Lives of black slaves had improved greatly and there was hope for emancipation of slaves in those states.
The Haitian Revolution was caused by oppressive slavery and discrimination against all but the French elite and led to the death of French and Haitians alike, the French’s expulsion from the island, and the spread of hope and freedom to other oppressed people all over the world. To start, the Haitian Revolution was started due to a variety of factors. But probably the most important one was slavery and oppression that was forced upon peoples from Africa who were imported to Haiti (Then Saint Domingue) and discriminated against even if they were free, just because of the color of their skin. To give context, from the years before 1791, slavery was incredibly harsh against slaves. The perpetrators of the cruelty were the French because they viewed themselves as superior and sons of the French Revolution that overthrew an oppressive government in France.
In the year 1791, African slaves in the French colony of St. Domingue initiated a rebellion that by the year 1803 succeeded in ending the brutal oppression of slavery in the country. This revolution, currently known as the Haitian Revolution, was the largest and most effective slave insurrection in the Western Hemisphere. The revolution not only ended slavery, but it succeeded in terminating French control over the colony and alleviating the volatile political, social and economic conditions in St. Domingue which led to the outbreak of the Haitian Revolution. Firstly, the political conditions in St. Domingue led to the revolution. Considerable political unrest had been created in the colonies as a result of the pioneering reforms and ideologies introduced during the French Revolution (1789 – 1799).
INTRODUCTION The Haitian Revolution was one of the largest and most successful slave revolutions in the Western Hemisphere, because it consisted of several synchronized revolutions. St Domingue was considered to be one of the richest colonies in the West Indies. There were many conditions in the society of Haiti that contributed to the rebellion in 1791. The main points focused on are the ruthless treatment of the enslaved and the desire for Haitian blacks and multi-racial people to be treated with respect and decency THE FREE PERSONS OF COLOUR While discussing the issue of free colored the writer states that there were approximately 35,000 free persons of color in 1789. (Beckles and shepherd 183).
Background Information on the Enlightenment: In the year of 1791, The French and Haitian Revolution coexisted simultaneously. France was trying to pick up the pieces of a country left in shambles, while across the hemisphere, Haiti was about to ignite the fire. In France, they were in the process of creating a new government, in which all citizens would have equal rights, as based on the Declaration of the Rights of Man. In Haiti, a shocked oppressed populace was discovering the power that was held by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and was keen to set their own revolution. Due to these uprisings in different parts of the world, it had a varying political objective, but it appears to be that it was roused by the Enlightenment's radical
The outcome of the Haitian Revolution was in favor of the slaves on the island because they gained their freedom from the French and Spanish. On the other hand, in France, members of the Third Estate led a revolt against the monarchy in hopes that by overthrowing the monarchy, they would be granted a constitution and a new assembly would be created with delegates of the Third Estate. Although the radicals were successful and a National Assembly was created, there were still problems. The worsening economic issues had not been solved and many citizens did not gain any rights. When the Revolution took a radical turn in 1792, the French Republic was formed.
After hundreds of years of proven service to Spain, the Creoles felt that the Bourbons were now treating them like a recently conquered nation. The Haitian Revolution is known to be the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. Slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony. The Haitian Revolution, however, was much more complex, consisting of several revolutions going on simultaneously. These revolutions were influenced by the French Revolution of 1789, which would come to represent a new concept of human rights, universal citizenship, and participation in government.
The Haitian Revolution occurred from 1791-1804.When the Revolution ended it did not just end the rebellion but it also ended the French’s control of the colony. However this revolution is not that simple. The Haitian Revolution was influenced by the French Revolution in 1789 to signify the new idea of human rights. It is most known for the biggest and most thriving slave revolt in the Western Hemisphere. There were actually more than one slave revolt before 1791 and that consisted of poisining their masters.
Part way through her narrative, Jacobs describes the different slave owners that were in the county. Mr. Litch was a master that Jacobs described to be ill-bred, uneducated, and very wealthy. She claims that being one of his slaves is especially dangerous. She claims, “There was a jail and a whipping post on his grounds; and whatever cruelties were perpetrated there, they passed without comment. He was so effectually screened by his great wealth that he was called to no account for his crimes, not even for murder”(Jacobs 44).