It was the bourgeoisie class that was educated, yet they didn’t have privileges like the First and Second Estate consequently, they began to question if there should be a social and political change in France. John Locke is an example of a philosophe who helped shape the outline of the French Revolution because he said that if people are dissatisfied with their governments, they should overthrow them, so they could create a new government. In Haiti, the enlightenment helped shape the Haitian revolution because ideas like freedom and liberty inspired them to bring
The outcome of the Haitian Revolution was in favor of the slaves on the island because they gained their freedom from the French and Spanish. On the other hand, in France, members of the Third Estate led a revolt against the monarchy in hopes that by overthrowing the monarchy, they would be granted a constitution and a new assembly would be created with delegates of the Third Estate. Although the radicals were successful and a National Assembly was created, there were still problems. The worsening economic issues had not been solved and many citizens did not gain any rights. When the Revolution took a radical turn in 1792, the French Republic was formed.
Considerable political unrest had been created in the colonies as a result of the pioneering reforms and ideologies introduced during the French Revolution (1789 – 1799). The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789) caused several petitions for civil rights from the affranchis (free wealthy coloureds), as they believed that according to the article they were entitled to equality. In 1790, the National Assembly extended the franchise to the affranchis, however, the colonial governor refused to implement this resolution. This led to a revolt headed by Vincent Ogé and Jean-Baptiste Chavennes, which ended in defeat at the hands of the white militia and the execution of the insurgent leaders. Eventually, however, the French National Constituent Assembly ruled in favour of the affranchis.
Saint Domingue was one of the richest colonies of the Americas during the late eighteenth century. Its extravagance resulted from their large production of highly demanded coffee, cotton, and sugar, which heavily depended on strict slave regime. Slaves, many whom were African born, made up the vast majority of the population and suffered poor working and living conditions. The anger of slaves caused the Haitian Revolution, which would lead to Haiti freeing itself from its oppressor and becoming an independent republic in the Caribbean. The Haitian Revolution created a profound effect not only the former French colony, but also acted as a leader for reformation around the world.
Though the beginning of French revolution was just a movement for government reforms, but later it twisted ferocious that leaded to the abolition of monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI. To resolve the monarch’s financial crisis, the estate general was called by King Louis XVI on May, 1789. The member of the third estate made their own national assembly fearing to bear the financial burden, and pledged Tennis Court Oath, and decided to remain there until a new constitution has been made. In addition, July 14, 1789, angry people of France, saw bastille a place to vent their frustration and marquis De Launay along with his troop found no option else then to surrender to the mob. After coming to know about the fall of the Bastille, King Louis XVI removed the imperial troops from the French capital and brought back finance minister Jacques Necker However, he could no longer converse the Revolution, while the National Assembly (from July 9 formally called the National Constituent Assembly) became de facto the French
Until then the National Assembly was divided into people who wanted to abolish slavery as all men are equal and into people who were against the abolition as this would harm the French economy. However, the principles of the Revolution led to uprisings in Saint Domingue in 1791 already. The very violent Haitian revolution which lasted until 1804 finally led to the independent republic of Haiti. Other colonies became independent far after the Revolution and some are still French departements
The Haitian Revolution occurred from 1791-1804.When the Revolution ended it did not just end the rebellion but it also ended the French’s control of the colony. However this revolution is not that simple. The Haitian Revolution was influenced by the French Revolution in 1789 to signify the new idea of human rights. It is most known for the biggest and most thriving slave revolt in the Western Hemisphere. There were actually more than one slave revolt before 1791 and that consisted of poisining their masters.
Another leader that assisted in the Haitian revolution is Toussaint L’Ouverture’s, who was the son of an educated slave. He was one of the most successful black commanders and he was in the minority of slaves that were able to read and write. Toussaint was an experienced organizer with a sharp intellect, whose main focus was independence for the slaves. He formed an army of his own and trained his followers in the strategy of guerrilla warfare. He led thousands of former slaves into battle against the French, Spanish and English
During the 17th century in Europe, there was major social and political disgruntlement among the people, because of this many European experienced revolutions. Two countries who gained the most traction in their revolutions and saw major change was France and what is now known as Germany. France experienced revolutions in both 1830 and 1848, while Germany experienced a revolution in 1848. I will be focusing on both of Frances revolutions as they were both caused due to corrupt governments and the goal of both was similar, a more republican nation. The reason France had a revolution in 1830 was because the royalist believed the kings had too much power, in 1815 the Congress of Vienna had put a Bourbon Monarch into power names Louis XVIII
The goal was to force the South to return to the Union, as they were being stripped of their labor force without which survival would become difficult for the Southerners. The events of that particular time period further illuminate the motives behind the Proclamation, as it wasn’t drafted until the latter half of 1862; which was when the Union troops had driven out the Confederate Army out of Maryland. At that point the Confederate leaders were negotiating with France and Great Britain for military aid in exchange of cotton. And they were gaining support