Firstly, in this revolution Haitian slaves pioneer to fight for the abolition of slavery. Their success demonstrates power of union and slaves that the current Europeans have to say that "The European powers underestimated the resilience of the black rebels" (Klooster, 110). It encourages slaves to stand and fight for their natural human rights. Secondly, Haitian revolution motivates people from colonies to revolt for their independence from usually European countries. After the start of industrial revolution, European economy dramatically grew and their demands for new markets, new materials, labors promptly increased, which caused colonial expansion.
The precise role of the French revolution in the Haitian revolution has been debated. It has been demonstrated; however, that basis of St. Dominque’s volatility was rooted in the fact that it was a society based on the exploitation of slave labour. The French revolution would also help the enslaved people in a very practical way. The overthrow of the old regime in France meant that the traditional sources of power and authority were weakened. Thus, the white oligarchy was stripped of its usual supports.
The important catalyst came into being to shape the Americans. At this level, the fate of British colonies unleashed a heated debate about the political representation that was often enclosed in disfranchisement and the vote. The commitment of the revolutionaries to the equality and freedom led to the growing unease over the slave trade legitimacy. This was also visible in the way Americans pursue their patriotic cause. Benjamin Rush said that it would be useless for us to denounce the parliament servitude to reduce the citizens while continuing to keep fellow humans in slavery because of their different
The Revolution came from them- the middle class. The working classes were incapable of starting or controlling the Revolution. They were just beginning to learn to read.” Although the idea is true considering the low literacy among people in the 18th century, without the support of the working classes, the overthrow of the monarchy cannot be done. Lord Acton suggests that “…the suffering of the people was not greater than they had been before. The ideas of the philosophes were not directly responsible for the outbreak…[but] the spark that changed thought into action was supplied by the Declaration of American Independence.” As supporters of American Independence, Frenchmen are familiar with that “news”.
Considerable political unrest had been created in the colonies as a result of the pioneering reforms and ideologies introduced during the French Revolution (1789 – 1799). The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789) caused several petitions for civil rights from the affranchis (free wealthy coloureds), as they believed that according to the article they were entitled to equality. In 1790, the National Assembly extended the franchise to the affranchis, however, the colonial governor refused to implement this resolution. This led to a revolt headed by Vincent Ogé and Jean-Baptiste Chavennes, which ended in defeat at the hands of the white militia and the execution of the insurgent leaders. Eventually, however, the French National Constituent Assembly ruled in favour of the affranchis.
The outcome of the Haitian Revolution was in favor of the slaves on the island because they gained their freedom from the French and Spanish. On the other hand, in France, members of the Third Estate led a revolt against the monarchy in hopes that by overthrowing the monarchy, they would be granted a constitution and a new assembly would be created with delegates of the Third Estate. Although the radicals were successful and a National Assembly was created, there were still problems. The worsening economic issues had not been solved and many citizens did not gain any rights. When the Revolution took a radical turn in 1792, the French Republic was formed.
By the end of the 18th century things Latin America where beginning to change. No longer happy with the European control, the creole’s wished to reform the nations and push forward on their own terms . The result was about 16 years’ worth of war throughout the Continent, lasting from 1808 to 1824 . Although not every nation became a part of these revolutions, as Brazil and Cuba did not, the rest became “young republics” . But these republics were now tasked with a new challenge, to form there new identities.
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
The French, Haitian, and American Revolutions were all sparked from the minds of the colonists, slaves, or lower classes who were treated with inequality by their own governments. In each location, there was a noticeable trend of mistreatment between government and people. In Haiti, slaves brought over by the French who captured the island, and forced them into brutal labor in what was the most valuable and wealthy are at the time. The government and leadership in France was corrupt as they were in much debt. King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette lived in Versailles far from the other forms of government, abusing the country wealth.
Image Ownership: Public Domain The Haitian Revolution has often been described as the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. Slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony. The Haitian Revolution, however, was much more complex, consisting of several revolutions going on simultaneously. These revolutions were influenced by the French Revolution of 1789, which would come to represent a new concept of human rights, universal citizenship, and participation in government. In the 18th century, Saint Dominigue, as Haiti was then known, became France's wealthiest overseas colony, largely because of its production of sugar, coffee, indigo, and cotton generated by an enslaved labor force.