Like most famous authors that we look at, they have all passed on, but Margaret Atwood not only has set herself up a legacy, but also continues to do so. She is a most beloved wife, mother and author. She, to this day, has written more than forty books of fiction, essays, and poetry. She started her studies at the age of sixteen and finished some seven years later. Margaret Atwood is a very well known Canadian author that has won numerous awards for her works.
What would become of the world, if our current societal flaws, such as sexism, racism, and classism were ingrained and executed at a systematic level? This is exactly what The Handmaid’s Tale set out to explore. The novel, which claims to be speculative fiction, is set in the theocratic Republic of Gilead (formerly the USA), where birth rates are rapidly declining and women have been marginalized by the patriarchal regime, forbidden to read, write or love and valued only if they are able to procreate. They are separated into classes, including Wives, Marthas, Aunts, Unwomen, and Handmaids, distinguishable only by the color of their clothing. The Handmaids are renamed by combining ‘of’ and the name of the Commander that they have been assigned to, stripping them of any individuality.
Many of the popular novels and stories of today would not be possible if it were not for authors such as Ursula K. Le Guin, whose original name is Ursula Kroeber, which during her time period, created a high standard for authors to come. She was one of the most well known authors that wrote several novels that instantly became popular. Many of her stories that were intended for children drew in many adults as a result of her writing style. She was an amazing writer which did not come from nowhere. Her father was a distinguished anthropologist named A.L Kroeber and her mother, Theodora Kroeber, also a writer, influenced many of the novels and stories that she wrote.
She’s a radical feminist, taking on the role of Anne Hutchinson in the film. At the start of the novel, Hawthorne’s narrator describes a rose bush, and the myth of how it came to grow: “there is fair authority for believing, it had sprung up under the footsteps of the sainted Ann Hutchinson, as she entered the prison-door” (37). Of course, the charges placed against Anne Hutchinson are not the same as those placed on Hester Prynne, except for perhaps not acting like a woman should. In fact, by the time Hester starts counseling women, it is years after the dramatic events following the placement of the scarlet letter. While she counsels whoever comes to her, it is women who more often knock on her door: “Women, more especially,—in the continually recurring trials of wounded, wasted, wronged, misplaced, or erring and sinful passion…came to Hester’s cottage, demanding why they were so wretched, and what the remedy” (165).
Celie, from Walker’s The Color Purple, has an unfortunate life. Celie’s Pa rapes her. Celie is given into marriage without her own consent. Mr. withholds her letters from her beloved sister from Celie. She gets abused by her husband in law, Mr.. Celie’s children grow up without knowing about their birth mother.
This novel is focused around the idea of men marginalising women, however to a certain extent it is happening in our society today. Each women, either Offred, Moira, Serena Joy or Aunt Lydia portray some kind of feminism in one way or another. Although through the characters of Aunt Lydia and Serena Joy we see how they conform to the rules of Gillead without any resistance, one can assume Atwood does this to demonstrate how brainwashed women will become if they do not have a brain of their own or think for themselves. These two women are only two examples of the many in the society of Gillead that conform, and as the audience we see the consequences from this. Atwood has centred the novel around this to warn the readers of the things women are becoming to do more regularly.
Throughout the generation, women have always been trapped in some way or another. In the short story, ‘The Yellow Wall-Paper’ and the novel ‘The Awakening’ highlights the struggle of women in the late 1800’s and the early 1900s in society. The Yellow wallpaper is a short story about women giving birth and being imprisoned in a room with a weird view of the yellow wall-paper. This resulted in her hallucination lead to the development of mental illness. By the end of the story, she rips off the yellow wallpaper and kills her husband.
They praised Morrison’s prose style, her ear for dialogue, and her deft characterization. Sula is the dramatization of the conflict between self realization and community allegiance dramatically played out in this novel. Other themes portrayed in the friendship between women, mother daughter relationship, and the connections between good and evil. In the author’s structuring of Sula and Nel, they are fewer people in their own right than representations of a rebel and conformist, which is the author’s view as the black women’s intrinsic conflict. Particularly, with Sula, the writer seems to be going beyond such representation, addressing herself to the idea of the great rebel the one who tries to
The God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy depicts the inner lives and hardships women in a patriarchal society face. Roy provides a reflection of the social injustice in India in the form of abusive and tyrannical males who abuse women - both physically and psychologically. The novel is a vehicle for the author to express her disillusionment with the postcolonial social conditions. This response will critically analyse the lives of the female characters in Roy’s novel, specifically Mammachi and Ammu and explore the ways they have been marginalised. Mammachi, the mother of Ammu and Chacko is representative of the older generation of women in the novel and is a victim of oppression and discrimination at the hands of her husband, Pappachi.
She is denied to go to school, because according to her stepfather, she is ‘too dumb to keep going to school’ (CP 9). She is repeatedly raped by him and becomes pregnant twice, but the babies are taken away from her. Celie becomes a mother of two children born of incestuous union but they are sold by Alphonso for monetary benefit. Celie’s life is the representation of the female slaves whose children were forcefully taken away by the slave masters who enjoyed the financial gain by selling children. Celie mingles her physical suffering with the psychological torture through many letters that she writes to God and her sister.