Langston poetry always showed his strong commitment to social justice in the 1930s, throughout the Great Depression, his political beliefs turned radical[endnoteRef:15]6. He portrayed heavily on his urban experience in work[endnoteRef:16]6. Hughes used element of spirituals for the African Americans church in the finals version of the poem[endnoteRef:17]6 ?When Sue Wears Red?[endnoteRef:18]6. In 1925 Hughes published ?The Weary Blues? in his first experiment in the incorporation of the African American musical Motifs from the blues, jazz, and spirituals into his verse[endnoteRef:19]6.
Thus, modernism was in a transient stage where writers were attempting make strives to move from the old forms of literature. In observation of Langston Hughes, he was considered a modernist that contributed a major part in the African American community. He was one the founders who incorporated jazz and poetry. This was during the period of the Harlem Renaissance when the African American culture was at its highest. The Harlem Renaissance was of the embracing of literary, musical, theatrical, and visual arts it was set apart for whites.
Similarly, a number of African-Americans were also emerging from a history subjugation. After a long history of prejudice and discrimination in the Jim Crow South, many looked for change and saw northern cities such as Detroit and New York City as their ticket to not only economic, but social prosperity. They established communities such as one in Harlem New York that eventually became the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York. Many notable people became famous through the Harlem Renaissance such as Louis Armstrong, Langston Hughes, and W. E. B.
In essence, ,,the 6 Gallery readings reveal how Beat and associated artists and audiences also tapped into this residual, insubordinate, and positive sense of jazz and expressed it through their art and lives.” (Whaley, 2004, p. 27) ,,The reading of Howl amplified vibrations sounding back to the jazz of renaissance Harlem, an era in which blues and jazz poets found themselves when much of the high culture’s generation.” (Whaley, 2004, p. 24) Besides the jazz and bebop music, the generation of “crazy, no-good kids” (Russel, 2002, p. 16), appeared to be influenced in style and fashion as well. The style was noticed as riotous hipsterism or the anti-patriotist zoot suits. According to Kerouac, who sympathized with the hipsters, the Beat generation
Many African-American musicians became members of bands founded by whites. Novels and poetry were published not only by "Crisis" which belonged to black editors but white ones. Many Americans were fond of musical and nightlife of Harlem. One of the most popular places was "The Cotton Club" where Duke Ellington, Fletcher Henderson, Cab Calloway, Louis Armstrong performed. Harlem Renaissance revealed a lot of opportunities for African-American writers.
Any sentiment toward Europe and the British especially was unwelcome. In this reinvention of theatre, AfricanAmericans truly established their foothold on theatre, despite the fact that some say there is no connection at all. The first thing this article goes into detail about it the art and practice of minstrel shows. The performance traditions of the African slaves directly influenced this new “native” American theatre. The songs, dances, and masking created the form of theatre that eventually became blackface and vaudeville performance.
In the world of literature, and poetry in particular, new personalities appeared. Countee Cullen, Sterling Brown, Langston Hughes, Claude McKay opened a new page of the book of the modern poetry world. In this essay I would like to analyze the works of such poets of the Harlem Renaissance as Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen. Langston Hughes is believed to be one of the most prominent poets and thinkers of his age. He played an important role in the movement of African Americans in the Harlem Renaissance period.
** • Jazz music was part of the popular minstrel shows and vaudeville shows, both of which introduced the music to wider audiences. • Scott Joplin bought jazz into homes all over the country, and the Ragtime craze was on. It really caught on in New Orleans allowing Jazz to flourish due to its less rigid social backgrounds. New Orleans became the first true jazz centre. • This encouraged the popularity and growth of jazz music.
It became the place of residents for Black poets, musicians, artists. During Harlem renaissance the country for the first time heard about the cultural tradition of the Black population of the USA, which was new to it. Black Renaissance found a support in the works of Black philosophers and political scientists of the beginning of the XX century. Harlem Renaissance was a consequence of the changes in the life of Afro-American society, which happened since the cancellation of slavery and up to mass migration of Blacks to the North, their participations in World War I, industrialization and in general all the changes, which happened in the USA at the beginning of the XX century (Du Bois). The factors promoting recession of activity of the Harlem Renaissance were the Great depression and the difficult economic situation in the
During the 1920s and 1930s jazz began to be popular and interesting among young people, black and whites. They were attracted by the freedom and artistic nature of it. When white popular musicians started to integrate the Bebop style with their own music, it became that much more popular, not only in America, but around the world. Jazz became a way to unify cultures through music. It helped to bring down barriers.