The Harlem Renaissance And The Civil Rights Movement

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On January 1st, 1863 the Emancipation proclamation, passed by Abraham Lincoln, ended slavery and freed all slaves. This did not end segregation, discrimination and inequality in the United States for African Americans. In the early 1900sJim Crow Laws maintained blacks and Whites “separate but equal.” This led African Americans to form the civil rights movement to fight for equality. African Americans have faced many problems in the 1900s but in a short time made huge accomplishments such as the end Jim Crow laws, Harlem Renaissance movement, and the Civil Rights movement. Jim Crow laws expanded from the southern United States from the late 1800s into the 1900s. These laws were the segregation of blacks and whites. Many states issued legal…show more content…
In African American history this was known as the Harlem Renaissance. “The Harlem Renaissance was a literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that kindled a new black identity” ( staff, 2009, pg. 1). The Harlem Renaissance was a new beginning of African Americans finally expressing their selves. The Harlem Renaissance was also known as the “New Negro movement,” a multifaceted phenomenon that helped set directions African American writers and artists would pursue throughout the twentieth century”(Harlem renaissance, 2008, pg.…show more content…
African Americans have the ability to do as a white can do. The only difference between a black and white is the color of their skin. This realization made African American want to fight for equality. African Americans started the civil right movement Even after the Emancipation proclamation the African Americans in southern states, still had to deal with oppression, segregation and racial violence. Civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcolm X and others got tired of the law “separate but equal”. This resulted in African Americans beginning to take action. Civil rights leader started nonviolence protest, marches, and silent sit-ins. The goal of these protests was to promote change for all African Americans. Many dedicated civil rights leaders lost their lives fighting for their rights. Rosa Parks, in 1955, refused to give up her seat on a bus, for a white passenger, and move to the back of the bus. The situation was so frivolous, but it brought awareness to how absurd these laws were. This resulted in many boycotts. Many blacks were doing what brave Rosa Parks did. They gathered groups to go sit on buses in white seats and refused to move. The black community coming together like this showed unity and
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