This artistic movement included creative explosions in the areas of literature, poetry, dance, and music. Fifty-five years after the abolishment of slavery, descendants of former slaves move their families up north, attracted by the industrial economy and new cities. This great movement of people is most commonly known as The Great Migration. African Americans who move to the north no longer have to live the lives of poor agriculturalist, but can now move up in social stature. The concept of moving up in social ranks amongst black people introduces the statuses of the folk, the bourgeois, and the proletarians, to African American society and literature.
Though not totally free from critics, Harlem Renaissance was the first time that a considerable number of mainstream publishers and critics took African American literature seriously, and it was the first time that African American literature and the arts attracted significant attention from the nation at large. During the period of Harlem Renaissance, many black artists emerged and took forward the mission of promoting black identity and expressing the black or the Negro thoughts at time. At start, this movement was viewed or was seen as a literary movement which changed with time and became to be known as a national movement with links with international development in arts and culture. Harlem Renaissance is believed to
The most influential movement in African American literary history, which contributed the phase of the “New Negro”, is known as The Harlem Renaissance. This movement played a pivotal role in creating a different identity for the black culture (History.com). Emerging in the 1920s, The Harlem Renaissance allowed black writers, artists, photographers, scholars, poets, and musicians to express their talents Part of the foundations of the movement was the Great Migration of African Americans from South to North, drastically expanding their knowledge and socioeconomic opportunities. Certainly the movement was more than literary, for having such a proximate relation to civil rights, the “New Negro” demanded civil and political privileges. Additionally, it had a revitalizing influence for African Americans to develop race pride; giving such a prestige to their work affected African Americans in a manner of desiring to reconnect with their unwanted African heritage.
Arguably the most profound effect of World War I on African Americans was the acceleration of the multi-decade mass movement of black, southern rural farm laborers northward and westward in search of higher wages in industrial jobs and better social and political opportunities. This Great Migration led to the rapid growth of black urban communities in cities like New York, Chicago, St. Louis, and Los Angeles.117 While relatively small groups of southern African Americans migrated after Reconstruction to border states such as Kansas and into the Appalachians, it was not until the imposition of Jim Crow segregation and disfranchisement in the South that large numbers of blacks left their homes and families to search elsewhere for a better life. Still, in 1910, nearly 90 percent of American blacks lived in the South, four-fifths of them in rural
It brought more opportunities of education, the right to vote, and better jobs for black people. It set stage for the development of black politics in the 1970s and 1980s. This act not only fought perceptions of racial inferiority but also brought changes to the stereotypes of black people. The desire generated by this act to claim black’s cultural heritage with their voices is great and strong. It gave black people a voice and established the principle of
The Harlem Renaissance had many sources in black culture, originally of the United States and the Caribbean. As its capital harlem was a role model for artistic experimentation and a popular site. Its location helped give the “New Negroes” guidance and opportunities for publication they couldn't find anywhere else . Harlem is located just north of central park, it was a formerly white residential district, but by the early 1920s it was becoming a black city of Manhattan. New York City had an extraordinarily diverse and decentred black social world in which no one group could monopolize cultural authority.
The Harlem Renaissance The 1920’s was a historic time period in which many things changed from beliefs to technology in the U.S..One of the most important events in this time period was The Harlem Renaissance.The Harlem Renaissance was an important period in the U.S.’s history in which African American culture was finally appreciated because of their achievements in the arts , literature, and music. Like every other story , they all have a beginning , someplace where everything started. It began with many African Americans moving from the south to the north of the U.S. to avoid racism. Harlem was meant to be a fancy neighborhood but “rapid overdevelopment led to empty buildings and desperate landlords seeking to fill them” causing African Americans to ocupate those Vacant homes(History.com Staff,). At first we know white people tried to keep African Americans distance far from their homes but as more and more African American people came the white people fled the harlem area.
The Harlem Renaissance Era took place during the 1920’s and 1930’s bring with it an explosive new genre of jazz and blues, art ,poetry and many other creative outlets thus creating many great changes. This was an era for expressing the African-American culture in American; documenting everything from our countries dark past to the optimistic hope of a brighter future for African Americans. The primary and most important factors that contributed to the up rise of the Harlem Renaissance were World War I and the Great Migration. For it was the relocation to Harlem during The Great Migration of African-American people from the egregious oppression of South to the North, that was the cause of this phenomenon. Harlem became one of the largest African- American communities in The United States, and during the Harlem Renaissance and soon became a center for art and literature.
Immersed in passion for art, growing acceptance of the black community, and a booming economy, Harlem, New York was enduring the 1920’s era what is now known be the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance is not only responsible for the roots of black culture in the United States, but it stood as an advocate for African American rights. Every artistic media was flourishing with ideas of equality among the races; things such as poetry, songs, and stories flooded the minds of the American people and paved the way for change. By expressing tones of sorrow and imprisonment, poets such as Paul Laurence Dunbar were able to inspire their readers by promoting the dire need for a revolution in the minds of the American people. Known as
This was a period of many new things for many people. Urban cities became populated and rural towns became desolate. This was called The Great Migration, it was partially caused by racial violence and economic discrimination against blacks in the south, however many white folks moved into urban cities due to “new money”. Blacks who traveled, and even those who didn’t, saw this as a period to finally express themselves through literature and art. The Harlem Renaissance was created by a bunch of African American men and women who felt the need to express themselves through whatever they could, and everyone appreciated their art.