At first we know white people tried to keep African Americans distance far from their homes but as more and more African American people came the white people fled the harlem area. This resulted in the flooding of African American people coming from all over the place .The Great Migration; the movement of African Americans from the countryside South U.S. to the Big cities up North of the U.S. . The lack of economic and racial opportunity in the south drove African Americans out and into the North where there were more freedom and industrial jobs (History.com Staff,). In this time period African Americans began to make harlem a community they could call home,often facing
E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington debated whether to confront or appease racist attitudes in the United States. As segregation regimes took hold in the South in the 1890s with the tacit approval of the rest of the country, many African Americans found a champion in Booker T. Washington and adopted his self-help autobiography, Up from Slavery (1901), as their guide book to improve fortunes. Washington portrayed his own life in such a way as to suggest that even the most disadvantaged of black people could attain dignity and prosperity in the South by providing themselves valuable, productive members of society deserving of fair and equal treatment before the law. A classic American success story, Up from Slavery solidified Washington’s reputation as the most eminent African American of the new century.
Arguably the most profound effect of World War I on African Americans was the acceleration of the multi-decade mass movement of black, southern rural farm laborers northward and westward in search of higher wages in industrial jobs and better social and political opportunities. This Great Migration led to the rapid growth of black urban communities in cities like New York, Chicago, St. Louis, and Los Angeles.117 While relatively small groups of southern African Americans migrated after Reconstruction to border states such as Kansas and into the Appalachians, it was not until the imposition of Jim Crow segregation and disfranchisement in the South that large numbers of blacks left their homes and families to search elsewhere for a better life. Still, in 1910, nearly 90 percent of American blacks lived in the South, four-fifths of them in rural
Analysis of Caged Bird by Maya Angelou In the midst of the 20th century much of America was challenging the views of society. People from every corner of America were demanding for their rights of freedom and their goal to end legalised racial segregation and discrimination. Before this, men and women of African descent were racially discriminated and oppressed. However, during this time, their dreams that were once crushed, arose again, and the cries of hope were turning into realities. With the help of artists, singers, poets and leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr, the Civil Rights Movement successfully secured the legal recognition and federal protection of Black Americans.
The Harlem Renaissance Era took place during the 1920’s and 1930’s bring with it an explosive new genre of jazz and blues, art ,poetry and many other creative outlets thus creating many great changes. This was an era for expressing the African-American culture in American; documenting everything from our countries dark past to the optimistic hope of a brighter future for African Americans. The primary and most important factors that contributed to the up rise of the Harlem Renaissance were World War I and the Great Migration. For it was the relocation to Harlem during The Great Migration of African-American people from the egregious oppression of South to the North, that was the cause of this phenomenon. Harlem became one of the largest African- American communities in The United States, and during the Harlem Renaissance and soon became a center for art and literature.
The Harlem Renaissance. The uprising for African Americans Segregation laws kept different races from mixing socially in the 1920s. All African Americans were kept from the art world because of racism, slavery, poverty and segregation. But because of the Harlem Renaissance, blacks were creating many styles of writing, art and music. The tension of different ethnicities made the blacks have their own cities within smaller cities.
He wanted to tell the stories of his people in ways that reflected their actual culture, including both their suffering and their love of music, laughter, and language itself. In Hughes 's poetry, he uses the rhythms of African American music, particularly blues and jazz. This sets his poetry apart from that of other writers, and it allowed him to experiment with a very rhythmic free verse. Hughes 's second volume of poetry, Fine Clothes to the Jew (1927), was not received well at that time of its publication because it was too experimental. However, many critics believe the volume to be among Hughes 's greatest
This artistic movement included creative explosions in the areas of literature, poetry, dance, and music. Fifty-five years after the abolishment of slavery, descendants of former slaves move their families up north, attracted by the industrial economy and new cities. This great movement of people is most commonly known as The Great Migration. African Americans who move to the north no longer have to live the lives of poor agriculturalist, but can now move up in social stature. The concept of moving up in social ranks amongst black people introduces the statuses of the folk, the bourgeois, and the proletarians, to African American society and literature.
The most influential movement in African American literary history, which contributed the phase of the “New Negro”, is known as The Harlem Renaissance. This movement played a pivotal role in creating a different identity for the black culture (History.com). Emerging in the 1920s, The Harlem Renaissance allowed black writers, artists, photographers, scholars, poets, and musicians to express their talents Part of the foundations of the movement was the Great Migration of African Americans from South to North, drastically expanding their knowledge and socioeconomic opportunities. Certainly the movement was more than literary, for having such a proximate relation to civil rights, the “New Negro” demanded civil and political privileges. Additionally, it had a revitalizing influence for African Americans to develop race pride; giving such a prestige to their work affected African Americans in a manner of desiring to reconnect with their unwanted African heritage.
Hughes’s works were a success despite the criticism they had received for their emphasis on the true portrayal of lower-class life and the hostile image of his race.James Mercer Langston Hughes is an American poet, novelist and playwright whose works that tackled African American issues which involved him as main participant in the Harlem Renaissance in 1920s. Langston Hughes, a central figure of the Harlem Renaissance, was born in 1902 in Joplin, Missouri and died in 1967. His works encouraged the African Americans and voiced up his concern about race and social justice. Poverty and instability were the titles of his childhood. His parents were separated after his birth.
However, in 1865, the 13th Amendment had been ratified, officially ending slavery. Although free, white prejudice and discrimination still played a huge role in African American’s lives. Fast forward to the twentieth century and not until half-way through did the dream of equality seem obtainable. Like the abolishment of slavery, The Great Migration was also a historical event that shaped this country into what it is today. An event in the twentieth century, relocation sparked across African Communities across the globe.