The Harmful Effects Of Domestic Violence

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Domestic violence is the leading cause of female injuries across the globe. Until recently, in many countries husbands used to legally “own” their wives’ bodies (Arthur 147). Domestic abuse is defined by Parmar as any incident of threatening behavior between adults who are or have been partners or families, regardless of gender or sexuality (674). The most common reason for domestic violence is partners wanting to retain dominance when they lack other resources, such as education and job prestige (Arthur 148). Although anyone can be affected by domestic violence, poor families are most likely to be affected (Carter 4). 3.3-10 million children in the United States are exposed to domestic violence each year. Domestic violence leaves permanent, damaging effects on children such as aggression, phobias, insomnia, low self-esteem, and depression. Those effects can result in poor academic performances, poor problem solving skills, and low levels of empathy. These effects will carry on into their adulthood and can lead to criminal behavior and violent practices in home (Carter 6). Domestic violence has been categorized into four main types: intimate terrorism, common couple violence, and violent resistance. Intimate terrorism is violence motivated by the wish for control over a partner. Common couple violence is when both partners are engaged in violence. Lastly, violent resistance is where one partner, typically female, fights back against the abusive partner.

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