The Movement was directly connected with the universities. It originated and flourished on the university campus. After 1956 all the Movement Poets were not associated with universities. John Wain and Amis gave up teaching. Larkin and Jennings served as Librarians so they too, could not be called academic. The Movement closed down to be provincial. Apart from Larkin who maintained the image of a provincial recluse, other Movement writers migrated either abroad or to metropolis other than London.
The literary scene in England also changed. Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath struck a different note in poetry. The publication of Hughes’ first volume of poems The Hawk in the Rain in 1957 was a remarkable shift from the Movement. The poems in The Hawk in the Rain are marked by ruggedness and are full of romantic energy which the Movement rejected. A. Alvarez published an anthology called The New Poetry which had several poems by Ted Hughes. In the introduction to this anthology Alvarez indirectly attacked the polite urbanity of the Movement poetry: “Influenced profoundly by forces which have nothing to do…show more content… Thomas had been virtually canonized on the strength of his fervent romanticism, but pretentious imitators had embraced that romanticism and recast it in their own faddish and emotionally bloated measures. To Movement poets Thomas’s mysticism was as unappealing as the soft Marxist literature of the 1930s, and it was considerably more obscure. In this reference Fielder expresses his view that: “To many of the new young, Thomas had come to seem the apotheosis of the False Poet” operatic, sodden, all shapeless dithyrambics and Professional Welshness” (Fielder