Health Belief Model The health belief model in behavioural psychology is termed as an ‘expectancy-value’ model. It means that the model assumes that an individual takes an action based on their evaluation of the most likely outcome of engaging in a new or of changing existing behaviour. The model is very popular and has proven its durability in the field of health education. It details the complex relationship between motivation, health behaviour and outcome.
1.2 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK. To clarify our understanding of this research, the researcher has chosen to relate it to Gordon Marjory functional pattern to provide a more comprehensive nursing assessment of the patient. GORDON MARJORY FUNCTIONAL HEALTH PATTERN MODEL 1994. Marjory observed that functional health pattern evolved from client- environment interactions.
As a consequence, persuasive health communication does not only focus on promoting healthy, but also discourages unhealthy behaviors. Both objectives can be achieved by framing: a communication strategy used for designing persuasive messages from a particular perspective (Pelletier & Sharp, 2008). A type of framing that has been extensively applied in health communication, is gain- and loss-framing. These gain- and loss-framed messages either underline a potential gain or a potential loss respectively (Kahneman & Tversky, 1979). A gain-framed message highlights the benefits of engaging in a behavior (e.g. ‘Exercising regularly can help you lose weight’), whereas a loss-frame reveals the consequences of not engaging a specific behavior (e.g. ‘Not exercising regularly can make you gain weight’)
1. INTRODUCTION OF THE REFLECTION Reflection is mindful, deliberate consideration to scrutinize one’s thoughts and actions in order to better oneself. (Donovan, 2006) In this reflection, I will be discussing a particular positive health behavior I would like to implement in my life, and the results of different interventions I pilot-tested. The flow of the reflection starts with describing the positive behavior change with rationale, interventions I took, how I felt, evaluation and analysis of interventions, a summary of what I have learnt about behavioral change, and lastly, what I plan to do if I encounter a similar situation. According to Bagay (2012), life-long reflection aids in nurses’ growth and improves patient care.
This very well could have been the start of evidence base practices within the health care system and population health. 3. Suppose you were hired as an adviser to a developing country and you were versed in the theory of production, the historical role of medicine, and the modern-day health production functions studies. Their government seeks advice on the wisdom of a relative emphasis on health and health investment versus other forms of economic investment. What would be your
The model explains the factors that motivate individuals to engage in behaviour for a healthy living. The health belief model proposes that a person 's health-related behaviour depends on the person 's perception of four critical areas: 1. the severity of a potential illness, 2.
The representatives concluded that there are a number of fundamental conditions that are required to ensure health and they include the following; Peace, shelter, education, food, income, stable eco-system, sustainable resources, social justice and equity. Also, they made mention that improvement in health involves the use of basic principles that public health workers are to go by such as Advocacy, enabling (facilitation) and Mediation. (W.H.O, 1986). The charter provided 5 main action plans by which health promotions can be met and they are as
PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH EDUCATION This concept was taken from module 11”information, education, and communication”, sub topic 2”principles and methods of community health education”. Health education can be defined as a process that informs, motivates and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and lifestyles, advocates environmental changes as needed to facilitate this goal and conducts professional trainings and research to the same end. The Joint Committee on Health Education and Promotion Terminology of 2001 defined Health Education as "any combination of planned learning experiences based on sound theories that provide individuals, groups, and communities the opportunity to acquire information and the skills needed to make quality
Having a sufficient knowledge of ones cultural needs, could lead to the understanding of effective healthcare of the people; in furtherance of the foregoing leading effective to quality healthcare services. Nurses are expected to practice in a way that is subtle to the sensitivity of culture of the service users, families, communities and team members (The Code, 2015, sec 7.3). Health services show the need for health care organisation to cultivate policies, standards and practices to offer culturally competent care. In becoming a cultural competent in the practice, Cross et al (1989) suggests five absolute necessary aspects that need to be considered. These are: valuing diversity, having the capacity for the cultural self-assessment, being conscious of the dynamics inherent when cultures interact, having an institutionalised cultural knowledge; and lastly, is having to develop an adaptations of services delivery reflecting an understanding of cultural diversity.
These dimensions require that health care be: (a) Effective - Providing health care that is advocate to an evidence base and results in enhanced health outcomes for individuals and communities, based on need. (b) Efficient - Providing health care in a way which make best use of the resources and avoids waste. (c) Accessible - Delivering health care that is well-timed, geographically practical, and provided in a setting where abilities and assets are appropriate to medical
The IOM Health Care Quality Initiative addresses six aims for the improvement state that health care delivery must be: Safe, effective, timely. Efficient, equitable, and patient-Centered. The current use of EHR addresses all six issues..
Health plans and public health agencies also may form alliances to gain market power. Plans potentially can attract new members by procuring services from public health agencies, I feel that alliances such as health care plans and public health are very important. These alliances can help serve people that are more likely to use public health. I fell that the affordable care act has made it possible for lots of people to access health care in this country. I feel that these alliances can help with us provide quality care for who are being serviced at public
From the lessons learned from the patients-centered medical home (PCMH), the NCQA was motivated to develop an accreditation process for ACOs. The NCQA tried to accommodate the lessons that they learned from the PCMH programs so as to develop a very excellent program that recognizes that provisions of the high-quality primary care are the foundation of good health. NCQA also recognizes that although the evaluation of the result is very imperative, it is also critical to assess the ACOs using evidenced based criteria. Through these measures, the organizations can learn more about what is needed and what they need to do so that they can be compliant. They can also learn the key elements required for successful transformation of the ACO.