In “My confession”, Leo Tolstoy also discussed about this philosophical matter. In this essay, he mentions how he comes up with the question, how this question bothers him, how he is looking for an answer and what will he get at the end. According to one side of knowledge, Tolstoy answers the question, what the meaning of his life was, that, “ ... you are a temporal, accidental conglomeration of particles. The interrelation,
For a good part of human history (especially the medieval times), people counted on authority and tradition to decide their beliefs, views, and morals; Religion being a hugely-focused on truth in society. Pascal and Descartes were two early philosophers to question this. Pascal fully understood the uncertainty of God in reality; how science cannot prove or disprove a God, therefore
Plato recommends that these thoughts are the main subjects that can be concentrated to give us honest to goodness information. Dispassionate vision alludes to Plato 's reasoning, which numerous accept was that he trust that the fact of the matter is a deliberation. Plato additionally contended the authenticity of all inclusive and conceptual articles. Plato 's reasoning brought upon current science where we see the division amongst individuals and nature, and how we can profit by it. Plato once said that "the body is a jail place of the spirit" this very statement enormously affected religion in Western Philosophy since it isolates the otherworldly world from the physical world.
The main knowledge question being discussed in this TOK essay is: how shared knowledge, including culture and religion, shape the personal knowledge? In this essay the roles religion and culture play as shared knowledge exemplify the extent to which they shape the personal knowledge leading to our knowledge issue: how belonging to a cultural/religious group can provide us with a certain viewpoint that restricts our approach to knowledge. Religious knowledge systems, is an area of knowledge that clearly exemplifies the way shared knowledge shape the personal knowledge. The word “religion” means to bind fast and it comes from the
Heavily influenced by Max Weber, Peter Berger was interested in the meaning of social structures. Berger’s concern with the meaning societies give to the world is apparent throughout his book The Sacred Canopy (1967), in which he drew on the sociology of knowledge to explain the sociological roots of religious beliefs. His main goal is to convince readers that religion is a historical product, it is created by us and has the power to govern us. Society is a human product. Berger made it very clear from the beginning, that society is a dialectic phenomenon; it was produced by us and in return, produced us too.
Albert Camus was one of the leading thinkers and believers of the Absurd. The philosophical movement shares much of the same traits as Existentialism. For a long time humans have tried to find the meaning to life and have examined the purpose and objective of our existence. Either they have concluded that this life is meaningless, or they have taken comfort in some faith and religious belief such as the existence of God or a higher power. Camus concluded that a life has no purpose.
Religion can be classified as a set of beliefs or principles that influence the motive or thinking of it 's follower. It affects a person’s understanding of the ultimate reality, shapes his/her worldview of the nature of life and is a solution for humanity 's problem. The quest for meaning begins with the human search for God and the idea of truth. The outcome of this search is the birth of religion, in which there are so many theories seeking the exact origin of a religion. I do not intend this writing to be on the history of religion but I wish to comment that throughout the history of civilisation, religion has played a prominent role in many societies.
In his Meditations on First Philosophy, French philosopher René Descartes proposes the concept of the cogito as an incontrovertible basis for his metaphysical system. This essay will explain the nature of Descartes’s cogito, assess his argument for the concept and its implications, and evaluate its merit as the “one thing, however slight, that is certain and unshakeable” he so desired. This essay will begin with an explanation of the principle of cogito ergo sum and a gloss of Descartes’s argument for its veracity. The essay will then examine the cogito’s implications with regards to what it dictates about the nature of one’s existence, and what it can and cannot determine about that existence. This paper will then conclude with an evaluation
David Hume is an outstanding English philosopher-empiricist which considered comprehensive human understanding from the position of empiricism as his main aim in philosophy. He saw a guide for a practical activity in philosophy. Hume developed the doctrine about experience as a flow of impressions. The problem of existence and spirit in a relationship considered unsolvable. Ideas of doubt and skepticism are inherent his philosophy.
This essay endeavours to explore the problematic issues that arise between religion and morality. It will be elaborated and proven through the reference of three famous philosophers; Immanuel Kant, Rudolf Otto and Soren Kierkegaard. These men are considered immensely religious and started their existing religious consciousness through their thinking within ethics. Immanuel Kant based himself around contemporary philosophy such as metaphysics and ethics. He linked many of this works to