After his men and him escapes unnecessarily losing two men in the process, Odysseus taunts Polyphemus which leads to him saying “ Hear me Poseidon, sustainer of the earth, god of sable locks. If I am yours indeed and you claim me as your son, grant that Odysseus, sacker of cities and son of Laertes, may never reach his home in Ithaca”(Homer 124) . This quote shows that one of Odysseus’s many flaws is that he allows his pride to take control of his actions and doesn’t clearly consider the consequences. Another instance of Odysseus’s foolish pride is when he crossing the threshold Circe advises Odysseus to
But, in The Epic of Gilgamesh, there is no clear hero. This subject is debatable. But, a hero as described in the Hero’s Journey is someone who saves the day against a supernatural challenge, treats his people nicely, and doesn’t come back empty handed. A hero’s characteristics are perceived by the people around him. Even though Gilgamesh is the main character, his treatment of people was unacceptable and made his people hate him.
Hamlet’s madness is a product of the death of his father, which supplements the claim that fathers can impact their sons in a destructive manner. Because of his vulnerability, Hamlet was liable to do almost anything to avenge his father’s death. However, his father did not show that same loyalty. In fact, “There is no ‘I love you’ on the lips of old King Hamlet. There is no fatherly concern for his son’s life” (Word Press par.
Defying this, a hero is always able to persevere through whatever challenge is thrown at them. Odysseus suffered through many ordeals before he returned to his wife, “… naked and near death on the island of the Phaeacians. Far gone in weariness, in oblivion, the noble and enduring man slept on…” (5). Despite all odds and Poseidon 's wrath, Odysseus somehow made it out alive while still retaining the strength to complete his initial quest. Any mortal man would have been happy staying with Calypso forever, but Odysseus resisted these humanly temptations and set out once again, his life still in danger.
Theme: There are a plethora themes in this story, perhaps the utmost observable and distinguishable theme is the price for knowledge. Throughout the exposition of the story, the reader witnesses Johns’ tribe clueless about metals. In the story, it states “...he who touches the metal must be a priest or the son of a priest...He gave me the metal to hold—I took it and did not die…”. This portrays how concealed they are about knowledge, they presume he who touches metal ought to be a priest, if not, consequently, you die. Moreover, John doesn’t comprehend how self-explanatory utensils work.
The hero is in the "Atonement with the Father" stage especially when Utnapishtim speaks to Gilgamesh, "...You have toiled without cease, and what have you got! Through toil you wear yourself out, you fill your body with grief, your long lifetime you are bringing near(to a premature end)!...No one can see death, no one can see the face of death, no one can hear the voice of death, yet there is a savage death that snaps off mankind.” (Tab.X, PG. 25) Utnapishtim attempts to speak knowledge into Gilgamesh about rebirth and how he cannot escape death. He wanted to explain to him that grieving is not going to solve any of his issues. He wanted him to understand that only god live forever, humans does not.
Towards the middle of Book II, Telemachus feels discouraged about the probability of him being able to successfully complete the quest to retrieve his father. Seeing his distress, Athena attempts to rally him by stating that Telemachus’ quest couldn’t fail because he possessed the distinctive traits of his father that Athena seems to find so admirable. “Telemachus, you’ll lack neither courage nor sense from this day on, not if your father’s spirit courses through your veins- now there was a man, I’d say, in words and actions both! So how can your journey end in shipwreck or defeat? Only if you we're not his stock, Penelope’s too, then I’d fear you're hopes might come to grief.
The Odyssey, one of the world’s most famous stories, has been under debate on whether on whether or not it conforms to be a hero’s journey, a type of pattern theorized to be at the core of many myths. To understand its potential monomyth-hood, the story has be understood, as well as the different phases of a hero’s journey. A hero’s journey, by definition, must include a few characteristics: a phase where the hero leaves their home and decides on a quest, a period marked by a discovered conflict, an all-out struggle, the development of the hero, and the hero bettering the lives of those back at home. In The Odyssey, Odysseus, the protagonist, journeys to his home, in Ithaca, from Troy, where he waged and won a war. Along the way, Odysseus
In Homer’s epic poem, The Odyssey, the character Telemakhos struggles to become a man. Telemakhos lacks confidence in himself and is irritable. Though he has negative qualities that can hold him back from maturing, he also has many good qualities that will help him become a man. At first Telemakhos is too afraid to confront his mother's suitors and starts off insecure about his potential. He believes there is nothing he can do to kick the suitors out: “What if his father came from the unknown world and drove these men like dead leaves through the place, recovering honor and lordship in his own domains?” (I.142).
Henry Ward Beecher states, “A prideful man is seldom a grateful man, for he never thinks he gets as much as he deserves.” Odysseus’s whole reason to keep going is to make it back to his family, but through the 10 years he proves to the reader that he is a braggart and is prideful in his winnings. Odysseus is not a hero for he lets his pride blind his judgment ending in death all around him. Page 996 stanza 456, “I would not heed them in my glorying spirit but let my anger flare.” (Homer 445). Odysseus is telling the king of Phaeacian that after the destruction of the cyclops eye he was on his ship leaving. He called back to cyclops baiting him out of prideful anger.
The whole journey to the Cedar Forest Gilgamesh kept having dreams that they couldn’t defeat Humbaba, but every night Enkidu convinced Gilgamesh that he was interpreting the dreams wrong (Mitchell, 105-116). After defeating Humbaba, they came back to Uruk. Gilgamesh knew that he could not be King forever so he tried to do these “godly” like things, so that he would always be remembered ("Myths Encyclopedia."). After Gilgamesh completed this “godly” thing with Enkidu, Ishtar proposed to Gilgamesh. He denied her, because of all her past husbands.