For instance, in 1955 a black boy was murdered for whistling at a white woman, which obviously sparked major civil unrest within the black community. Another well-known event occurred in 1957 when 9 school students, (following the U.S Supreme Court ruling that segregated schools were integrally unequal, 3 years before) under the direction of a member from the NAACP, attempted to integrate both the white and black schools by attending the Central High School at Little Rock, Arkansas which was a school for white people only. Continuing through this was the relentless presence of the ‘Klu Klux Klan’ white supremacist group which used violent methods to counter the push for civil rights. One of the major incidences which galvanised the Civil Rights Movement was the infamous bus boycott of 1955. This event started with a black woman named Rosa Parks who refused to give up her seat to a white man on a public bus.
Beaten for whatever reason just to enforce upon them who was in charge and what would not be tolerated, and at times beaten for no reason at all as this was slavery. In 1860 15 states had a population of 12 million, and of that one-third were slaves, and 2% were free African Americans. One in particular was once a former slave who eventually became free and educated and sought out to speak on the injustice of slavery. As Frederick Douglas spoke of his injustice in being sold as a slave and all he endured one can only imagine. In his speeches and writings he highlighted the torture slaves endured.
(SS) King was able to push the idea of hope at the beginning of his speech with the simile, “This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope...” (SS) The momentous decree is the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves, and reminded the people that they were technically free. (SS) Giving the audience hope, this reminder meant that one day soon the black community will also be treated as free Americans. (SS) There will be still water when the growth of racial problems is put to an end as said in King’s quote,“...from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.” (SS) The quicksands of racial injustice are referring to the people being consumed by racial prejudice, and only when people stop allowing themselves to be consumed by the racism will they be able to join forces with everyone to create a stable environment. (CS) To achieve this environment, the black community must also work with the white community despite their differences. (SS) The metaphor, “...to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood” symbolizes the connections that need to be made in order to achieve Dr. King’s dream.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an important figure in gaining civil rights throughout the 1960’s and he’s very deserving of that title as seen in both his “I Have a Dream” speech and his “Letter from Birmingham Jail” letter. In both of these writings Dr. King uses logos - logical persuasion - and pathos - emotional appeal - to change the opinions of people who were for segregation and against civil rights. Although King was arrested for a nonviolent protest, he still found a way to justify his actions with the use of logos and pathos. MLK uses both ways to gain the attention and agreement of the audience but, he uses pathos not just more, but in a more relatable way in order to appeal to his audience. The “I Have a Dream” speech is well known throughout history to be one of the most famous speeches to be on the subject of civil rights.
Segregation had been very common in the South, in the 1960’s. Nobody was treated equally, segregation was everywhere and on behalf of Jim Crow laws, inhumane ideas accumulated. African Americans were treated as if they were animals, which is morally wrong. Both the letter and the speech give examples of emotional and logical reasoning to make the reader think and actually feel how the African Americans felt in the rough world during segregation. The letter and speech that are used to compare and also to contrast in rhetorical devices are “I Have A Dream” and “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Both are written and/or spoken by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Segregation and diversity in the letter and speech are described in logos and pathos to make
In his 1963 speech, “I Have A Dream”, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. asserts that now is the time to conquer racial inequality and it can be done neither alone nor through hate. Martin Luther King, Jr. begins his speech where the freedom began- The Emancipation Proclamation. The slaves were freed, but have those empty promises of the constitution been fulfilled? Segregation, as well as subconscious discrimination, have deprived even the free man of their unalienable rights. In paragraphs four through six, a metaphor for cashing the check of freedom was used.
The MLK unit showed me a lot about my interests and non interests. Although, the Emmett Till situation is what grabbed my attention. It was typical during the 1950 's for blacks to be killed, but what stood out the most is when his mother requested to have an open casket at his funeral. She wanted everyone to see what they had done to her 14-year old boy. Emmett 's case became representative of the disparity of justice for blacks in the South.The 1955-56 Montgomery Bus Boycott, a protest against segregated public facilities in Alabama, was led by Martin Luther King Jr. and lasted for 381 days.
Race schools affected all blacks. They were excluded from education. Black Deaf individuals were not accepted in either the Deaf or the African-American community. It was over one hundred years that black deaf had to attend separate schools. Integration of black and white students did not happen until the Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court case.
If a white person came they could claim the seat and the black person would have to go to the back of the bus. This event led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott where African American would no longer ride the bus. This boycott lasted for 13 months. In 1956 the Supreme Court made it unconstitutional for segregation in buses supporting the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Although these events happened segregation still continued.
African Americans were treated poorly during the reign of the Jim Crow laws. During this time, race riots were common in cities all over the nation. From direct-action protests and boycotts to armed self-defense, from court cases to popular culture, freedom was in the air in ways that challenged white authority and even contested established black ways of life in moments of crisis ( Baldwin 1).. One race riot occurred in 1865 in Memphis, Tennessee. Mobs of whites and policemen killed forty-six African Americans. On September 28, 1868, two to three hundred African Americans were massacred in Opelousas, Louisiana( Tischauser xvii).
However, he was not able to finish this job he had started because of his unfortunate assassination. The Jim Crow law made it exceptionally hard for the African American community to gain Civil Rights. The law declared that in places of business, schools, churches, etc. it was acceptable to have the act of segregation. There was a group of people who were
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. The Proclamation declared that all slaves would be free within the states. Slavery was not completely abolished in the North. The Proclamation gave the war a moral purpose by turning the struggle into a figure to free the slaves. With all social and economic problems with the 3rd bloody President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
A black doctor is forced out of his new home when the majority-white neighborhood sets his garage on fire. Soon after, a line of explosives are planted to drive out black families nearby. “98 percent of the public-housing units in Chicago” are built in majority-black neighborhoods. Time after time after time, black people are denied loans and mortgages, while their white counterparts are granted them happily by the lenders. And yet, one often encounters crude statements about the “ghetto”, the alleged home of all black families.
After the Emancipation Proclamation stating that slaves were allowed to join the Union forces, the African American population decreased. A man enlisted in the war spoke to his wife stating, ¨When i shall have the opportunity of seeing you in the full enjoyment of freedom¨ (Doc 6). In other words, Samuel Cabble means that he is happy to fight for the freedom of his people. Based on the illustrations in ¨Journey of a Slave From the Plantation to the Battlefield¨, a slave died for standing up for what is right (Doc 5). Fredrick Douglas states, ¨ and there is no power on earth which can deny that he has earned right to citizenship in the United States¨(Doc 7).