The state is a social relation. Discuss the application and limitations of this sociological aphorism by reference to the social theory of Marx, Durkheim and Weber. "In many ways the rise of the state was the descent of the world from freedom to slavery." - Marvin Harris (Cannibals and Kings: 1977) The term known as 'state' within societies, has been difficult to define to a particular connotation. Throughout history, from many different civilisations, from the Roman Empire to present day politics, the 'state' has adopted different policies and regimes in order to govern the said country, albeit potentially having ulterior motives.
And also due to an upsurge in caste based parties that made the politics of lower caste empowerment a central part of their political agenda. It should be pointed out that these new political parties emerged not on a national level but on a village and regional level, and were most dominant in North India. This also weakened the influence of caste and clientelism on Indian politics (Chapaitkar, 2013). The Indian Caste System is historically one of the main dimensions where people in India are socially differentiated through class, religion, region, tribe, gender, and language. The Indian Caste System is considered a closed system of stratification, which means that a person’s social status is obligated to which caste they were born into.
It can be such as helping, sharing, donating, cooperating and volunteering. It is from our inner motivation that we receive the call to help others. We help someone not by the compulsion of others; so it can also be called as ‘voluntary behavior’ indented to benefit another. It morally refers to one’s benefits about right and wrong and involves honesty, fairness and responsibility. If we take an example of a chilled the chilled internalize this pro social and moral behavior by observing others mainly their parents, elders, relatives and neighbors.
Caste and class have been a determining factor of a person’s status, place and position in the social hierarchy from the ancient Vedic times, to the modern era. The caste system, which was said to be introduced in ancient period to regulate and discipline the society and its smooth functioning, has paved way to discrimination and degradation. The four Varnas: Brahmin, Kshtriya, Vaishya and Shudra not only provided social stratification in a hierarchical manner but also assigned people an identity by their work and limited their social mobility. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar said that “caste system is not merely division of labourers- which is quite different from division of labour – it is a hierarchy in which the divisions of labourers’ are graded one
3 ity writes that it is now oriented toward four trends: it responds to life—to its beauty and its injustices—and leads to action; it looks to the universe—the whole world becomes a part of the spiritual person; it is responsive and responsible to the poor and oppressed; and it is socially oriented. Not only the persons (coworkers), but also the society in which a person is living (the organization) are important in a relationship with God (Missinne 1990, 150– 51). The relationship between work and the spiritual life is more complex than just good ethical behavior. Seeing work as more than a livelihood—and surely more than a means of amassing wealth—can bring peace to the many who must work at apparently unsatisfying jobs. In this view, their work becomes a part of the vision of the whole of humanity cooperating, one with all the others, in the common
Places of worship have become more than worship site it is also a place to socialize or fellowship. Moreover, religion give diverse gatherings a sure feeling of association with others they may be of distinctive confidence regardless they get themselves bound to other people who have a similar belief system. Institutions, for example education and families are key in handing-off ethics as the social standard, however religion may well be the foundation that holds those to a higher standard. Religion gives backing amid some of life battle and changes by applying ethics in the ahead of schedule in a kid life. Changes can be overpowering, however with an in number religious convention one can discover importance and bearing in the greater part of life 's extreme times.
For example, we can help the poor by giving them support and encouragement on how to have a better life. We can also pray for their own welfare and giving them the discipline they need to attain a better living. This makes Lenten season different from the other church seasons. One obvious difference is that during Lenten season, we acknowledge the sufferings and death of Jesus Christ. On the other hand, advent season lets us celebrate the Coming of Christ.
ALTRUISM: It is true because U comes before I Helping others in need or wanting to help someone in need, consciously or subconsciously, is something that society experience in everyday’s life. It can be opening a door for others, giving up seats in public transports or helping a blind man cross the road. It is common for humans to help others and expect something in return (Thomas Hobbes, 1651). However, in some instances, helping may not promise back a reward or benefits. It is plausible for one to help someone who is related to them genetically (e.g.
So nowadays we can classify different types of marriage, it can depend on the religion that the couples practice. But societies in some countries come with marriage types, which are beyond our knowledge. Some of them seem strange to us and biologically they have been impossible, but even so, they are legalizing in some countries and people practice it with all the freedom of the world. But in spite of the fact that gender ideologies enter into the subject of marriage, it is their obligation and responsibility to young people that the main theme of marriage remains the same as always; they are two people who love each other and are willing to be together for the rest of their lives. Young people need to start looking further to know what is happening and be able to defend their ideas in the world around them.
The revolutionizing changes which India has undergone due to globalization and liberalization has in no manner proved to be effective as far as curbing the caste system is concerned. The caste system forms the substratum for the economic and social framework which determines the life of people in India. Social stratifications in the Indian society occur on the basis of the caste of the family they are born into. It is of extreme significance because it was the root cause for the social differentiation which occurred among the individuals in India and managed to the transcend the existing differences which already existed in the society by virtue of class,religion,region,tribe,gender and language. Though every society has some kind of stratifications,