In a nutshell: The 3 R’s: Reformation, Royalty & Renaissance The first R: The Reformation The reformation of the Christian Church had a huge effect on history, causing a major schism and centuries of sectarian violence. In England and other countries many were to die for being the wrong religion. In the early 1500s in mainland Europe, a huge religious upheaval started in reaction to Roman Catholicism, the existing Christian church. Martin Luther, and many others wanted reform – hence the term Reformation. They sought a simpler kind of Christian worship, with the emphasis on the individual’s own conscience and direct relationship with God, without the intervention of the Virgin Mary and all the saints, never mind about the control of priests,
The Duke’s character in the play is often understood to represent an oblique comment on the new, unknown King. Richard Levin’s complaint, first lodged over twenty years ago, that such a critical approach (what he mockingly referred to as the "King James Version" of Measure for Measure) failed to produce compelling evidence of the play 's actual connection to James. However, there are some clear connections that are difficult to dismiss. Therefore, the first political aspect worth exploring is how Shakespeare’s character parallels the King at the time. From scholarly accounts of James’ courts it can be said that he used sermons and religious hierarchy to promote political ends.
The setting of Hamlet differs greatly from present day Denmark. In the play, it is meant to emphasize the theme of the nation as a diseased body. For example, Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle, murders his own brother to take the throne for himself, as shown when he says, “To bear our hearts in grief and our whole kingdom to be contracted in one brow woe.” (Hamlet, 1.2.3-4). This demonstrates that the nation is rotting because the actions of the leader are corrupt. This also alludes to the corruption in Denmark caused by a single all powerful leader during Hamlet’s time.
The biggest change that happened was the division of Christianity into different sects. Protestantism emerged in response to the corruption that existed in the Catholic Church. The founder of Protestantism, Martin Luther, started his religion by speaking out against indulgences and the power of the Pope. Indulgences weren’t mentioned in the Bible and Protestants did not believe that the Pope had enough authority to release souls from purgatory (Ellis 347). Protestants believed that people were saved through faith alone and not by good works while Catholics believed that people could be saved through numerous ways including indulgences, baptism, and good works (godonthe.net).
Dandan Lin Professor Rowe English 220, Section 26 30 October 2015 Claudius, An Evil Politician Hamlet, one of the greatest tragedies written by William Shakespeare, is an impactful play where soliloquy plays a significant role. Characters reveal their intentions, inner thoughts and emotions by expressing their feelings out loud that helps advance the plot and also enrich the characters personality. King Claudius, as a primary antagonist and perhaps the most guilt laden person of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, his soliloquy in Act 3 Scene 3 is the essential part of the play as it highlights his inner conflicts caused by his guilt and reveals his true characteristics and emotions under his public appearance. As well as it
Pride, greed, and lust drove Iago to poisoning Desdemona 's father and eventually ruining the marriage between Desdemona and Othello. In his play, he approach the problems the world faces in a comedic manner. People let greed and lust persuade them to do crazy things. Othello and Iago are foil characters in Othello. Iago let his vengeful ways and deceitful motives alter his decisions while Othello appears in the opening acts as the very personification of self control”(Harbage).
Evil vs Evil:Jack vs Macbeth People who thirst for power hungry will commit evil acts to remain in power. In the novel “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding, and the play “Macbeth” by William Shakespeare, there are two wicked characters who killed and manipulated for power. Take Jack, a once preppy choir boy turned tyrant and Macbeth a once brave and loyal warrior turned tyrant. Jack and Macbeth are two characters who are ambitious, whose personalities darkly change throughout their stories and who are evil. Jack is bent on power from the beginning whereas, Macbeth is manipulated by three witches and his wife to take power.
A sensible and responsible king, Creon, is a tragic hero because of his power madness, self-righteousness, and ruthlessness. He is the center of the play, which causes events to happen. The first tragic fall that leads Creon to his downfall is his power madness. His power madness fall can be supported by Antigone’s dialogue, “Further: he has the matter so it that anyone who dares attempt the act will die by stoning in the town.” (Antigone 2). The quote means that anyone who didn’t follow Creon’s decree will die.
The tragedy of Hamlet, by William Shakespeare conveys the catastrophic lives and deaths of the royalty in Denmark, and how each others trickery and actions lead to the demise of everyone involved. In the disastrous play, deaths and the secret causes of these murders are brought to life, forcing the insanity in the play to begin. Hamlet and Ophelia’s madness inadvertently infects everyone involved, whether the madness is real or not.There is a variation of madness in Hamlet, but the difference between Ophelia and Hamlet’s is that one is true madness while the other fades throughout the entirety of the play. Ophelia’s madness impacts the majority of her personal life very negatively, whilst Hamlet fakes madness negatively affects the ones around him. The death of Hamlet’s father and him discovering that the new King Claudius murdered him, leads Hamlet to the brilliant idea of portraying a mad man.
In this play, we are shown Macbeth’s deterioration from a brave and noble soldier to a nefarious individual, through his murder of King Duncan and others, further cementing how contagious corruption can be. In the beginning of the play, we see Macbeth as a brave and heroic man, admired by many. However, after his confrontation with the witches, we see only a mere shadow of his former self. He begins to assess his ambition, and after hearing the prophecy, he sees the opportunity to become king. We first see his rising ambition as he says, aside, “Stars, hide your fires; Let not light see my black and deep desires (Shakespeare 29).