The Historical Theories Of Modernization Theory And Pre-Modern Society

1480 Words6 Pages
Introduction What are modernisation theories? Wilbert E. Moore defines modernization as ‘total transition of traditional society or pre-modern society into the types of technology and associated social organization that characterize the advanced, economically prosperous and relatively politically stable states of the Western world”. Modernization theory is therefore a description and explanation or a conceptual framework that articulated a common set of assumptions about the nature of developed societies and their ability to transform a world perceived as both materially and culturally deficient. The theory explains how the society changes from a traditional society to a modern form, by striving towards a modern society of such as Europe and USA. The theories; popular in the1950s and 1960s holds that development takes a linear stage kind of progression. Modernization advocates who include among others; Talcott Parsons (), Rostows () and Harrod () argued that contact with developed societies would accelerate progress in what was considered to be stagnant traditional societies in Africa, Asia and Latin America. ”Historically, modernization is the process of change towards those types of social, economic, and political systems that have developed in Western Europe and North America from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth and have then spread to other European countries and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to the South American, Asian, and African continents”

More about The Historical Theories Of Modernization Theory And Pre-Modern Society

Open Document