With the advent of Europeans expanding the sugar plantations to the Caribbean islands, their dominant influence consequently created social stratification within the Caribbean society through the implementation of slave codes (laws), the division in class and the consequential creation of an Afro-Caribbean slave culture. In this way, we are able to see how the encounters and exchanges of sugar and slaves in the Caribbean between Europeans and Africans came to form the Caribbean society within the 17th and 18th century. Caribbean slave society consisted of a small minority of white Europeans who held unprecedented rule, with the majority of the population belonging to the African slaves. In the 1700s, there were almost 1,150,000 African slaves in the Caribbean. As a result, the Europeans needed to create and implement slave codes as a way to control the slave population and also inhibit their progression.
Dr. Hakim Adi states, “the human and other resources that were taken from Africa contributed to the capitalist development and wealth of Europe” however, the loss of potential population and resources in Africa was a major factor of its economic underdevelopment (Adi 1). During the slave trade, people emigrated as far away from slave factories and spent their time defending themselves, which is the cause of their hindered technological and economic development (Lovejoy 1). Another factor of the economic aridity would be the population of bandits newly formed in West Africa because of European demands for more captives; the developing states that never fully settled were also another factor of the underdevelopment (M’Baye 611). “Once slave
In the seventeenth century, be that as it may, interest for slave work climbed forcefully with the development of sugar ranches in the Caribbean and tobacco estates in the Chesapeake area in North America. The biggest quantities of slaves were taken to the Americas amid the eighteenth century, while, as per history specialists ' assessments, almost three-fifths of the aggregate volume of the transoceanic slave exchange occurred. the slave exchange had pulverizing impacts in Africa. Financial motivating forces for warlords and clans to take part in the slave exchange advanced an environment of wilderness and savagery. Eradication and a proceeding with dread of bondage made monetary and rural advancement relatively incomprehensible all through a lot of western Africa.
From Africa to England, Equiano experienced and observed many different treatment forms. The treatment differed due to a variety of customs and cultures. Olaudah Equiano started slavery in Africa, his homeplace. His experience here was one for the better. In Africa, it was skeptical to hangout in the neighborhoods due to slave kidnappers.
The transatlantic slave trade involved Europeans, Asians, and Africans. West Africa was the main supplier of slaves and the main trading regions for slaves were Gold Coast, and Benin. War captives, and people with socially unacceptable behaviors were the main people traded as slaves. Transatlantic trade only benefited Europeans. As a result, they invested much in the trade by getting several Africans to find them energetic slaves.
Various types of slavery included debt bondage, sexual slavery, forced labour and chattel slavery (The Mercury News). Needless to say the three most overruling and important subjects of the slave trade consist of the identities of the enslaved and their lives after being captured. The economic benefits of the slave trade, and the struggle to end slavery and its lasting effects. Neglecting the effect of slavery on Africa black slaves undoubtedly played a crucial role in the economic development of the New World, above all by making up for shortages in labour. The arrival of Europeans in the Americas had brought diseases that devastated and caused havoc on local populations.
The imperialism began from Africa. Imperialism basically means expanding nation’s power or influence by direct control of a territory or by controlling economy and politics. Between 1500 and 1800, Europeans were only seen in Africa to buy and sell slaves from local chiefs. As in Africa there was a huge problem of contagious malaria and other harmful diseases. Europeans became helpless to these diseases, so by 1833, the British government banned the slavery.
INTRODUCTION This paper attempts to evaluate the extent to which renowned scholar, Peter P. Ekeh’s claim applies true to the contemporary politics of the Democratic Republic of Congo by tracing its historical struggle with slave trade and colonisation; and its resultant internecine warfare and exploitation of resources. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE SLAVE TRADE (West and West-Central Africa) Slavery is one of the most emotive issues in history. According to Black (2015), slavery is similar to war: in one light, enforced servitude, like large-scale, violent conflict, is easy to define. But, what the slave trade means for the history of East Africa or the Mediterranean lands is different from what it means for the Atlantic world.
Slavery presided in west Africa before it was integrated into the Caribbean, however, this type of slavery which transpired in Africa did not acknowledge racial incentives but was based on an on social, economic or political principle. Traditional Slavery which existed in West Africa did not dispel the inalienable rights which the enslaved population possessed, slavery was a medium which debt payments can be appeased in addition for warfare recruitment and punishment for crimes. The structure of slavery evolved into a nefarious and pernicious system upon the arrival of Europeans to Africa’s fecund shores. The impact that the Europeans inflicted unto the African population can encapsulate by an excerpt from How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, “Many guilty consciences have been created by the slave trade. Europeans know that they carried on the slave trade, and Africans are aware that the trade would have been impossible if certain Africans did not cooperate with slave ships.
Colonialism is generally defined as the occupation and control of one nation by another. Over the last few hundred years, various European nations have colonized many areas of the world. These European colonies were in North and South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and various smaller islands around the world. European nations colonized Africa from the late 19th century until the middle to later 20th century. The reason Europeans were easily able to conquer countries in Africa was because African governments had depended on slave trade, which was abolished.