The History Of Secessionism In Bangladesh

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Background According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, secession refers to the act of separating from a nation or state and becoming independent. Therefore a secessionist is someone who supports the idea of secession. The formation of an independent, sovereign state of Bangladesh has itself been a result of a successful secessionist movement in 1971. It is now a widely recognized state internationally and is also a member of the United Nations. The East Pakistanis were dissatisfied with the economic and social supremacy of the West Pakistanis to a great extent. The thousand miles long separation of the two parts (East and West) because of India, the difference in ethnic composition, language and culture also contributed to the discriminating attitude of the West Pakistanis. In late 1970s when general elections were held that had to be followed by the formation of a new constitution, the Awami league won by a significant majority in the East Pakistan by winning 160 out of 162 seats in East Pakistan. They demanded greater autonomy in terms of foreign trade, military and foreign reserves in the new constitution but West Pakistanis disagreed with the terms. Pakistan delayed the formation of a new government and tensions and civil unrest in East Pakistan intensified. Muijib’s party had gone on a rampage to kill Pakistanis across East Pakistan. To put down the threat of a possible secessionist movement, the military started a crackdown against the Awami League leaders and

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