According to Dadabhai Naoroji’s article, “The Benefits of British Rule for India”, the Indians/natives had no voice in the taxes, legislations, or were qualified to earn the position of a court judge or high-ranking government official. The society the British constructed blocked the Indians out, and openly disregarded their opinions and desire for change and equality. Some may claim that the British modernized their country by reforming the natives education system, and implementing new innovations and technological advancements, like railroads to improve transportation within the country. However, according to the article written by Professor Peter Marshall titled, “The British Presence in India in the 18th Century,” the majority of these systems primarily focused on English and Western ideas, rather than their own distinctive culture. The traditional ideas and beliefs focusing on theory and methodology, that were implemented into their previous education system, were then modified to a practical approach, forcing their pre-existing system to slowly descend into oblivion.
The Tea Act was actually not a new policy at all since it was already include in the townshend act not only that, the tea act was used as a financial source to recover the British East India Company out of debt. Since economic and political foundations were unstable in East India along with the debt the British were already in from the French and Indian War and other things. What angered the colonists was not presence of the tea act (even though cheap), but rather the fact that it had outlived all other taxes that had been repealed by the British. As well as the fact that tea was being monopolized by it’s government. Additionally, since tea was being monopolized and sold exclusively by the British and it’s agents, American merchants were being undercut and essentially replaced by the British.
This had a big effect on Britain’s tea company which lead to the Tea Act of 1773. Parliament realized what had happened so they decided to help the Americans obey the law, instead of fighting it, by lowering the tax amount which caused their tea price to be cheaper than that of the Dutch. (147) But many Americans saw this as a trick, “The real goal,…was the increased revenue that would pay the salaries of royal governors and judges…reassertion of Britain’s right to tax the colonists.”(147) The Sons of Liberty tried to make the tea agents resign, causing tension throughout the area. However, Hutchinson did not give up. He refused to allow ships to leave the port without paying the tea duty.
The British expected the colonies to help pay for the war debt because they felt as if the colonies did not participate and were unappreciative of all the British had done for them. The debt caused the British to try to make treasury and revenue reforms which stated that the revenue coming from the colonies was very small and inconsiderable, not even being a fourth of what was necessary for collecting it. Along with reforms the British also considered more taxation which angered many colonists. In attempt to decrease the debt the British created any reforms such as the Sugar act created in 1764, and the Stamp act in 1765. The Sugar act was created mainly for the purpose of increasing the revenue for the empire.
Separately, these acts did not cause the American revolution but together the acts created tension between the American colonists and England. The Stamp act started to build the tension between the colonists and England because it was the first tax directly imposed onto the colonists. They saw this as unfair because during the French and Indian war the colonist were ignored and then suddenly they were expected to pay off Britain’s war debt. The Stamp Act led to the Declaratory Act which led to many other laws given by King George the III and Parliament because of the backlash received from the colonists. The Boston tea party was an effect of the Tea Act enacted on the American colonists.
One can see why this would anger people (as paper was the “big thing” before modern technology). Chaos ensued, the colonists were not fond of tax collectors whatsoever. This institution of things similar to the stamp act was a major factor (of the economic kind) that led to the revolution because it was benefited almost no on in the colonies, and would
British policies established in 1763-1776 greatly affected the colonists and pushed them towards developing their own republican values. All of the acts and taxes the British issued and how overly controlling the British were over the colonists was the starting point, also the increasing rebellions encouraged the colonists to break away from Britain’s rule, and finally the wars that resulted and seizing authority from the British was the final turning point for the colonists in eliminating Britain’s heavy-handed ruling over the colonists. The acts, and taxes that came with most of the acts, that the English imposed on the colonists was a substantial reason the colonists opposed British rule. After the French and Indian war the British found
One of the most controversial of these is the impact its’ invention had on slavery in America. Instead of slavery becoming obsolete which was the inspiration behind this invention, the cotton gin actually contributed to a massive explosion in the growth of slavery. Whitney thought his invention would decrease the labor involved in production of cotton which in turn would decrease the need for slaves. However, the cotton gin just changed how slaves were used in the production of cotton and did not decrease their need. The cotton gin increased cotton productivity which increased profits for farmers.
At one point, the British didn’t even let colonists -British citizens- have a fair right to trial because so many colonial rights were taken away! To pay for the French-Indian war, Britain made the colonists pay taxes on almost everything, without any form of colonist consent. When the colonists got mad and rebelled , Britain began to punish the colonists by taking away colonial rights , so Americans got tired of it and began protesting and eventually started a revolution. The American revolution was more about civil liberties than economic rights. Three arguments that support that the American revolution was about civil liberties are cancelation of self-government, taxation without representation, and the forcing of colonists to provide for British soldiers.
This shows that Daniel Shays rebellion was unsuccessful because it went against the goals of the rebellion of getting taxed less and having having pro debtor laws. In the end, all the rebellion did was encourage the government that was hurting them to become more powerful and gain the ability hurt the penniless farmers
The Navigation Acts were acts that forced English colonies to send all produced goods strait, and only, to England, and prohibited any smuggling. The English colonies were technically not allowed to produce their own goods or buy from anywhere other than Britain, only buy them from England at a higher price so that their industry and economy would be built up again from debt and unemployment due to the ending of the war. This poor treatment due to England coming over to fight for us set the foundation for what would one day lead us to become independent. Of course many colonists weren’t going to heed to everything that England commanded, white men and even women were standing up for their rights. For example the Daughters of Liberty were a group of ladies dedicated to boycotting British goods and producing
First the British used the town shed act to collect taxes from the colonists. The colonists should not be taxed as much since there was not a lot of repersentatives. Also the British violated the colonist’s property rights by using the Quartering act. The colonists did not agree to this one because it stated that the colonists had to provide food, supplies and living quarters which made them feel unfortable to have strangers living in their houses. Overall the Birtish violated many of their rights.
This alone pushed many of us away from the crown and towards becoming American Patriots. We had our own problems in America after we separated. The topic of slavery was a rough subject with the people here in America. Now here in Boston the need for slavery wasn’t as great as in the South so we were didn’t think that we needed them but the South wanted to keep slaves because it was giving them more political power when it came to voting and they didn’t even have to pay as much in taxes for them due to the three-fifths Compromise. Slaves seemed to be a huge
First of all, one civil liberty that was exempt from the colonists reaches was taxation without representation. After the French and Indian War the British were had a gargantuan debt! In order to pay off such a huge debt they imposed new taxes and enforced old ones. Great Britain thought that it was allowed to pass laws like these, because Britain had protected the colonists therefore the colonists have to give obedience. Laws like the Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Tea Act, and along with the British being oblivious to colonists’ pleas to change the harsh laws (Document 2) allowed
The British thought making the people who started the war pay it off. This is how the British unfairly taxed the American colonist. The British made unfair laws against the people. First the British made the Navigation act. The Navigation act only allowed goods to be transported in British ships, and if the colonist took one of their boats the British would sink it.