Lastly is the evolution of MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). MRSA is a bacterium that is responsible for various infections in humans that are difficult to treat due to its development of a resistance to common antibiotics. MRSA is very common in hospitals, prisons, and nursing homes. Biological Diversity
Risk in Dental Practice Dentists work in an environment where they are frequently exposed to a number of occupational hazards. One of them is the risk of transmission of organisms found in mouth or nasopharnyx of their patients. It is important for dentists to be aware of those types of infections including their modes of transmission so that they would know the way to prevent them .Those microorganisms can be spread through contact, droplet and airborne transmission. Dentists have to practice preventive measures every time as some of the carriers may be
to adhere and colonize human intestinal mucosa/ epithelial cells is a major criterion for selection as probiotic or commensal bacteria. Adhesion to the host tissues is a prerequisite first step of bacterial colonization which is generally mediated by cell surface adhesion proteins . Adhesion of probiotic bacteria not only help in persistence of bacteria in gut but also participate in pathogen exclusion by competition and blocking of their binding sites at the mucosa . This adherence to epithelial cells on mucosal surface is modulated by specific binding of microbial adhesins. Lactobacilli adhesins can be broadly classified according to their targets in the intestinal mucosa (i.e.
Santiago, Andrea Clement. “Find out If a Phlebotomy Job Is Right For You.” Verywell, www.verywell.com/what-is-a-phlebotomist-1736261. “Where Can a Phlebotomist Work?” Phlebotomy Examiner, 8 July 2017, www.phlebotomyexaminer.com/job/where-can-a-phlebotomist-work/. Semester Two Career Journal Correct Name of the Career: The correct name of the career is Clinical Geneticist. Education and/or Training Required: The education and/or training required to pursue this career is to have a bachelor's degree in a biological or physical science field, followed by either a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
This theory holds that an illness is due to infection by a single microbe ultimately culminating in a specific clinical disease. This disease, in turn, may be cured by administering a contrary medicine such as an antibiotic which restores health through microbial killing. Modern medicine uses rational explanation of natural events in terms of cause and effect. The cause here is held as natural which is the germ and this microorganism is responsible for illnesses and diseases. The germ theory of disease, also called the pathogenic theory of medicine, is a theory that proposes that microorganisms are the cause of many diseases.
SectionІІ: Overview of infection prevention for general clinical practice: According to Tietjen 2008, microorganisms are the causative agents of infection. They include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. In the context of infection prevention, bacteria can be further divided into three categories: vegetative (e.g., staphylococcus), mycobacteria (e.g., tuberculosis), and endospores (e.g., tetanus), which are the most difficult to kill. He also added that asepsis or aseptic technique is a general term used to describe the combination of efforts made to prevent entry of microorganisms into any area of the body where they are likely to cause infection. The goal of asepsis is to reduce to a safe level, or eliminate, the number of microorganisms
Olszewski, W.L., Jamal, S., Manokaran, G., Pani, S.P., Kumaraswami, V., Kubicka, U., Lukomska, B., Dworczynski, A., Swoboda, E. & Meisel-Mikolajczyk, F., 1997. Bacteriologic studies of skin, tissue fluid, lymph, and lymph nodes in patients with filarial lymphoedema. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 57(1), pp.7–15. 48. Dreyer, G., Addiss, D., Dreyer, P. & Noroes, J., 2002.
In addition, phages can also overcome host resistance mutations. However, they can be eliminated by the body's defense mechanisms. Phage therapy has been used as an alternative to antibiotics. The use of natural phages to treat bacterial infection has very known history in the western medicine. Antibiotics are one of the most successful forms of chemotherapy in the history of medicine.
Group Process learned from reading The Schopenhauer Cure Groups: A Fragile Ecosystem In order to interpret skills presented in The Schopenhauer Cure, it is important to understand the various techniques and speaking methods of protagonist Julius Hertzfeld. It appears Julius views the group as an ecosystem, an organized structure consisting of parts, similar to the systems of the human body. The main conflict explored within this book is the introduction of Philip into the delicate structure of a fully functioning mature group in the end-middle phase transforming to ending phase. This thought process is comparable to the human body being introduced to bacteria and subsequent antibiotic. Upon inspection, the quandary materializes: Was Philip the bacteria?
aureus bacteria did not develop resistance to lugdunin, even though with the exposure in people and in repeated exposure in the laboratory. In mice, S. aureus causes lugdunin applied topically was able to either partially or totally eradicate skin infections. This antibiotic cannot be used to clear S. aureus colonies in people recently. The researchers trust that the drug might be able to be taken systemically as it did not exhibit any signs of toxicity on a sample of human serum. Furthermore, lugdunin is not very soluble in water because it might be difficult for body to absorb it.
Researchers used nursing theories to help guide research on complicated phenomena(Connelly, 2014). After reviewing evidences collected on the topic "Antibiotic therapy and Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)", the most common theories that have been cited are, exposure to antibiotic, especiallyin patients that have been previously diagnosed with bacterial infections(respiratory, urinary and osteoarticular infections) are significanly at risk for acquiring CDI and theory for prevention cited was implementation of an Antibiotic stewardship program. Inaddition,hand hygiene, contact precaution and environmental cleaning protocols where other interventions listed. Concept Definitions Exposure to antibiotic- is operationally defined as the last time within 30 days a hospitalized patients received antibiotic therapy before the current hospital
Ludwig, M., Faculty, C., Center, V. M., & Renton. (2014). Physician-patient relationship: Ethical topic in medicine. Retrieved July 18, 2016, from http://depts.washington.edu/bioethx/topics/physpt.html Fellowship, C. M. (2016). The bible and medical ethics.
These programs can also benefit individual patients by improving clinical outcomes (Bebell and Muiruz 2014). Currently, patients infected by superbugs are treated either by radical surgery which may lead to amputation, or intense use of strong antibiotics which can cause many unwanted side effects (e.g. liver damage, diarrhoea, allergic reaction). Also pharmaceutical companies are not likely to invest in new drugs for superbugs as this has little financial profit for the companies making the creation of newly developed antibiotics with fewer side effects almost impossible (Pogson 2012). However, if the spread of superbugs is controlled by the AMS programs, no new drugs are needed and less aggressive treatments can be used for such bacterial infections.
Good and bad bacteria exist in our environment, depending on which one enters the body the immune system these bacteria can either compromise or aid the immune system’s illness fighting capabilities. In class we learned that the skin aids in fighting infection by acting as a protective barrier. In addition, we discussed how normal flora is found on the skin and aids in the defense mechanism because it fights off potential threats by competing with them. The normal flora consists of microorganisms such as protozoa, fungi and bacteria. The normal flora will compete with the foreign bacteria for nutrients and space and has the ability to push out or starve the invader as said in class.
Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1132465-overview Solomon, C., & Cohen, J. (2013). Herpes zoster. The New England Journal of Medicine, 369(3), 255-263. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.southuniversity.libproxy.edmc.edu/docview/1401480411?accountid=87314 Webmd.