Human Development Index (HDI) is a metric through which United Nations takes an emphasis of the development of the countries through their health, educational well-being and their economic growth. It can rank from 0 (undeveloped poor countries) to 1 (very rich and developed countries). Sustainable Human Development means creating same opportunities for the generations same as those for the parents. The concept of HDI was given at the World Bank by a Pakistan national and an economist, Mahboob-ul-Haq in accordance with the Indian economist, Amartya Sen the 1970s. He said that basically development means improving people’s lives.
It was considered to better mirror the degree of hardship in created nations contrasted with the HDI. In 2010 it was supplanted by the UN's Multidimensional Poverty Index. The HPI focuses on the hardship in the three vital components of human life effectively reflected in the HDI: life span, learning and a conventional way of life. The HPI is inferred independently to develop nations (HPI-1) and a gathering of select high-wage OECD nations (HPI-2) to better reflect financial contrasts furthermore the generally distinctive measures of hardship in the two gatherings. For developing countries (HPI-1) The Human Development Reports site outlines this as "A composite file measuring hardships in the three fundamental measurements caught in the human improvement list — a long and sound life, information and a not too bad way of life."
For example, educating a girl would build her skills, but it is of little use if she is denied access to jobs. Thus, this includes two aspects • Foundational, which includes the fundamental values of the human development • Contextual, which helps to create the conditions that allow people to develop THREE DIMENSIONS OF HDI HDI is a measure of achievement in three dimensions- • Health, which is assessed by life expectancy at birth • Education, which is measured by mean of years of schooling for adults aged 25 years • Standard of living, which is measured by the gross national income per
This also implies that health inequities would be stark between the developing and the developed countries. Many vital links between health and development are thus seen as interacting phenomena with far reaching implications. One such implication is the realization that the availability of health services is only one of many contributions to health development (UN, 1984). Medical history gives us many illustrations of the importance of health and disease in the rise and fall of nations and civilization (Quoted in Oliver, 1966). Health is considered as wealth of a community, which undoubtedly determines economic, social, cultural and political development of a region (Kothari and Jhala, 2007).
The evidence here will be useful to all countries as they pursue the new sustainable development goals." Unlike several other reports, this one does not use an index to evaluate the happiness levels of people but gives ‘a primary role for people’s own evaluations of their lives’ because it believes that: 1) the existing indexes on well-being have their own specific history and rationale with certain perceived limitations 2) life evaluations provide primary new knowledge about the value people attribute to their lives allowing researchers to use that data to understand factors that facilitate better lives. 3) The population based samples in each country help to calculate and present statistically relevant data in a meaningful
Human Development Index (HDI) can be use as a summary measure for assessing long term progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living. However in this essay, the author is going to focus only on the two areas, in particular (1) a long and healthy life; which measured by life expectancy as well as (2) standard of living; measured by Gross National Income (GNI) per capita expressed in constant 2011 international dollars converted using purchasing power parity (PPP) rates (UNDP, 2014). CURRENT PROGRESS TOWARDS IMPROVING POVERTY CONDITION IN VIETNAM Vietnam, is one of the developing countries which can be categorized under the medium human development category with their HDI value scoring 0. 638 (Which indicates that near to 1 is a good progress in HDI terms) in 2013, putting Vietnam in a position at 121 over 187 countries worldwide. As evidenced from the table above (extracted from UNDP Human Development Report 2014) noticed that the HDI in Vietnam has increasingly improved by years: from HDI value of 0.463 in 1980 to recently 0.638 in the year 2013 respectively.
These four countries are all in different stages of development and some are higher along the spectrum than others resulting in completely different ways of life among the four countries. The human development index shows that France is at the top followed by Algeria, Philippines and Ethiopia. The three factors that go into determining the human development of a country are health, education, and standard of living. These three factors are shown by the HDI of a country, but they do not always show us the full picture. The total fertility rate of a country demonstrates the average amount of children a woman is likely to have in her child bearing years.
Human resource development (HRD) is always play an important role in the development of an industry as well as personal development for individual. Nowadays, most of the organization are neglect or do not realize the importance of HRD towards the organizations development. This may causes the unsuccessful of an organization develop and survive in the future. Besides that, have a good HRD intervention may reduce the unemployment rate and it could be placed a right people on the right position. Therefore, we are analysing the empirical article done by Nafees A. Khan to discuss more about human resources development.
Also human poverty includes a plethora of things and she doesn’t specify which ones need to be prioritized .She advocates for the use of HPI as a measure but the problem with it is that it has only two categories of countries which are developing and industrial. She advocates for a feminist approach to understand the gender implications of poverty ,taking in consideration the restrictions that women face which men don’t ,which would help formulate better policies