The Humanism Of Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre And Albert Camus

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Existentialism became a well-known philosophical movement by the works of two French writers, Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus. Soren Kierkegaard is universally considered to be the first existentialist philosopher but the movement became prominent due to the efforts of two French writers Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980), a French existential philosopher, a prominent novelist and playwright is considered to be the father of Existentialist philosophy. His trilogy No Exit, Nausea, and the Roads to Freedom contribute greatly to the philosophy of existentialism. The central theme of existentialism is freedom of the individual. It emphasizes that Man is ultimately responsible for his own actions. Sartre’s notions of absurdity and alienation are connected to existential philosophy. In his essay, ‘The Humanism of Existentialism’ Sartre observes that man is solely responsible for his actions as there is no God he is not predestined by any concepts. Sartre’s philosophy of existentialism is that man is not predestined for his actions he is absolutely free to make his own destiny and is thereby solely responsible for his decisions. Man should be true to himself, in the process experience alienation and loneliness.
Feelings of anguish arise as man recognizes his freedom of will over the way the world sees him, the way normally he is expected to behave, the norms of behavior which determines society. This philosophy of Sartre has been critically discussed

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