As A professional counselor the approaches are client center and is used in humanistic therapy. The founder Roger used it to motivate clients in the therapeutic process. Roger used three qualities that a good counselor should consider for clients in sessions. First unconditional positive regard is to meet the client where they are. Second genuineness is to share open honest communication and be vulnerable to the client, so the client can do the same.
The first one is the fact that people cannot be think as separate from their relationships. Since relationships are one of the core factors in our life, it would be inevitable to be effected by them in different ways. The way we chose to deal with these relationships may be maladaptive and we need to learn a better way of dealing. PIT enables the therapist and patient to work on the present feelings and thoughts, which may arise in current therapeutic relationship. Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings.
The theory under humanistic approach that helped to reflect and gain insight about myself is Carl Roger’s personality theory. The reason I chose this theory because I feel it holds true to my personality development compared and I like his concept and emphasis on the importance of the self-actualizing tendency in shaping human personalities. This is mainly because I feel I am more responsible for
concentrating on or close/narrow attn to what is imp and what is currently being discussed, involves attending to problems/feelings as they arise, ability to focus encourages the client to work on present problems where there are attainable goals vs focusing on past unchangeable ones, leads to direction in therapy which results in creation of goals and plan to achieve Genuineness Ability of counselor to be freely themselves. Includes congruence between outer words/behaviors and inner feelings; nondefensiveness; non-role-playing; and being unpretentious. Guidance Practitioner which refer to a persons who practice a profession technique or occupation of a guidance counselor including the profile of age, gender, civil status, educational attainment, major, assignments & years of service. Immediacy according. To Rogers.
According to Rodgers it is the most important attribute for the therapist to have congruence as it is all about the therapist being genuine(Mcleod,2008). Mearns and Thorpe defined congruence as “the state of being of a counsellor when her out ward responses to the client consistently match the inner feelings and sensations which she has in relation to the client”(2007). In other words it develops a sense of trust between the client and therapist and allows the client to open up to the therapist because they feel safe in the envoinment they are in and they trust the therapist. Therapists and counsellors say that congruence is not a skill that one can simply have but really it is a way of being. A person-centred therapist will aim to be real and sincere in the session as this creates that sense of trust in the relationship and a positive flow of energy between the client and the
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,
My helping theory is one that takes in both a holistic approach as well as the person centered approach to helping others. When I help others I take each situation on its own merits. I do not try to compare situations because each person’s situation is very different. You can have two people facing the same situation but because of human nature they will react to that situation in two very different ways. I like in employ the helping theories of Alfred Adler who takes the holistic or individual psychology approach to helping.
The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client The therapist accepts the person as they are, puts no condition on valuing them, separates the behaviour from the person. When they know they are not being judged, it allows the client to think perhaps they do not have to judge themselves (Rogers, 1975?) 5. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s frame of reference and communicates this experience to the client When the client is empathically heard, they get greater understanding of themselves. (Rogers, 1979) 6.
Furthermore, understand the subjective world of the client to come to new understanding of the client’s stands. While, therapists aim to understand their client’s subjective world, the existential approach doesn’t have specific techniques. Instead, therapists are welcomed to incorporate techniques from other approaches. Despite its unconventional style of therapy, there are 3 phases a therapist follows in order to understand the client’s subjective world. First, the therapist attempts to understand the client’s idea of life; for example, what does he/ she believes or what do they stand for, such as its values.
As long as human are in existence there will always be a need for a counsellor or a social worker. The intent of this paper is to provide clarity as it relates to the differences between counselling and social work as both professions sometimes overlap and persons are not able to differentiate between the two professions. Notwithstanding the fact that both professions have their differences it not be noted that both career paths is considered to be the helping profession where adequate training and preparation is needed in order to help their client improve their social, emotional and mental performance. The profession of counselling and social work is for individuals who are interested in becoming a catalyst for change or to help people