In addition to it , his last words were " But now it is the time to go away, I am to die and you to live. Which of us goes to a better thing is unclear to everyone except the God". This proves that Socrates believed in after life which is dependent on God. Although, Socrates believed that he was a messenger of God. The people blamed Socrates to have a neutral approach towards their Gods, so they decided to put the blame on him for all the misfortunes.
At the beginning of Socrates first speech, he states to the jury that there have been numerous individuals who have accused him of crimes over many years and that none of these accusations are true (18b). In order to prove himself innocent to the jury, Socrates dissects the accusations against him of corrupting the youth and impiety point by point (24c). Socrates first addresses one of Meletus’ accusations against him, corrupting the youth. After using the Socratic Method and analyzing Meletus’ argument for the jury, Socrates states that he does not believe Meletus’ accusations to be true and he does not believe the jury will either (25e). Through examining Meletus’s accusation Socrates comes to two conclusions, one is that he is not corrupting the youth; the second is that he is corrupting the youth but he is doing so unwillingly and therefore should not be charged, brought to trial, or punished but instructed on how to prevent it from continuing to happen (26a).
Socrates started his life as an average Athen citizen. His parents worked, making an honest living. But as Socrates grew up, he began to realize that his mind questioned things and wondered how come no one else questioned the same things or at least think about the answers to the questions that were not answered. So, as his mind kept wandering, he began to acknowledge the questions that were not answered and sought for those answers. He ended up believing and teaching things to other people, whether it went against the way the Athen government or not, he still continued his work.
That would not be good on his part because he would know this could happen but still proceed to escape and possibly be risking his friends lives. With the chance that his friends don't get caught and he did escape Socrates would be unlikely to find another town that welcomes him. There wouldn't be a city, that had well formed laws, that would allow a man who broke the laws of the city that he called him home for seventy years. If he were to find a city that had accepted him, he would not be able to continue his old life of questioning people and trying to improve them. He cant continue teaching people about how laws, goodness, and justice are the highest of value to people.
Here, his kleos changes from a third person, as previously witnessed in the earlier books, to the first person point of view. However, while the readers can shift back-and-forth through the three stages, characters in the narrative, with the exception of the Phaiakians, are not witnessing his proclamation. This means that Odysseus’s kleos has a limit in reaching out to other characters in the epic, especially, to the suitors back at Ithaca, who still question his return. As Charles Segal, puts it, “[Odysseus] is, in fact, far from the heroic world, safe among the soft, luxury-loving Phaeacians [and is not] creating that kleos by fighting, but rather re-creating [it]” by emphasizing on his past heroic events. Here, Odysseus retells his adventures as a method of revival for his famous reputation.
In his second response he discusses the importance of following the laws created by the state. Though he uses different terminology, Socrates is essentially discussing the same group of people. The state of Athens is ruled by a democracy; a government ruled by the people. In the structure of a Democracy the jurors and officials must be Athenian Citizens thirty years or older. Jurors were also required to be under oath during the proceedings (Cartwright).
At the same time, he recognizes that no one would intentionally make the people worse because he is obliged to live among them. From this it follows either that Socrates is not making the people worse or he is doing so unintentionally. Obviously, Meletus is not able to understand the logical consequences implied in the statements made by him. Further Meletus refers to Socrates as an atheist because he teaches that the sun is stone and the moon is earth. Socrates then reminds Meletus that it was Anaxagoras the Clazomenian who stated that the sun and moon were only material substances.
He was concerned with strengthening his inner self by examining and criticizing it. He was not concerned with finding what people would seek since this could only lead to a weak, sick, and ignorant soul. Therefore, Socrates remained committed to his guns and never told the court what it wanted to hear. Socrates’ philosophy had been based on morality; which is the desire to do good and reject evil. Telling the courts what they wanted to hear was immoral and against Socrates’ philosophy and morality.
Socrates is quoted as stating, “An unexamined life is a life not worth living” (38 a). Socrates was a founding figure of western philosophy, and a stable for many ideas. He lived in Athens, Greece teaching his students, like Plato, questioning politics, ethical choices, and many other things in Greek society. In the Trial and death of Socrates: Four Dialogues by Plato, it explores the abstract questioning Socrates had towards many of the normal social properties, which led to his trial, resulting in his death. The most important aspects discussed in the dialogues is the questioning of what is pious and impious, what it means to be wise, and good life.
Therefore, Socrates would rather abide by the Laws than go against the people and escape. In his eyes, the rule of law is always “just” and citizens should always follow it. Every one of Socrates’ friends disagree with him but ultimately, Socrates decides to listen to himself and goes with what he truly believes to be the “right thing to do”. Based off this logic, citizens should follow laws that are also deemed to be “unjust laws” just because it is a law. Socrates believes that if one isn’t living a “just” life, then there is no reason to be living at all, and that one must never do