Flappers In the 1920’s, a new woman and following a new era was born. Women were no longer scared to express themselves or to act different. They smoked, drank, and voted. They cut their hair, they’d get all dolled up and do their makeup, and they went to parties.
She is an intentional rule breaker, enjoys careers that allow independence and freedom, and finally is a quick witted charming woman. An intentional rule breaker by heart and a flapper by choice Jordan uses this trait throughout the novel. She starts breaking rules immediately why she became a flapper. A flapper is someone who broke woman's normal social standards in the 1920’s-this is exactly what Jordan did.
The novel also throws light on the power of the American Dream which held a promise of upward mobility and happiness, regardless of where one was placed on the social ladder. The American Dream motivated people to succeed through Machiavellian means. A turning point in American history around the time when Fitzgerald wrote and published The Great Gatsby was the grant of suffrage to American women (1920) and this led to several changes. Before the war, standard dress for women included long skirts, tightly laced corsets, high-buttoned shoes, and long hair demurely swept up onto the head.
Have you ever seen the movie The Great Gatsby? People now days wear clothing totally different from the 1920s. Like in the movie The Great Gatsby clothing was amusing and flashy, however nowadays short, shorter skirts, and spaghetti straps are worn by many in today’s society, and in consequence teenagers are showing more than they need to. In the 1920’s fashion became extensive thing for women because they were given the right to vote, and more liberty.
According to Laura Mulvey’s theory, “women are simultaneously looked at and displayed, with their appearance coded for strong visual and erotic impact so that they can be said to connote to-be-looked-at-ness” (837,). This is proven right in the film “Shanghai Express” 1932. The film highly focuses on the sexuality of two women, Shanghai Lily (Marlene Dietrich) and Hui Fui (Anna May wong). The two women are prostitutes who are looked down upon but at the same time are “displayed” for “strong visual and erotic impact” by developing Scopophilia. The character and status of a woman that uses her sexuality as a form of income rather than in a committed relationship are represented as shameful and unhealthy.
Pride and Prejudice deviates from the social norms it is being accused of by showing and portraying female characters going against what was expected of them. An example being the refusal of marriage that would be financially securing for the family. Pride and Prejudice also deviates from social conventions at that time because Austen writes Pride and Prejudice as a social satire and makes humor of the traditional roles of women. Compared to other novels with female characters at the time, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, Jane Austen’s female characters in Pride and Prejudice break the social norm for women and do not portray them as passive. Pride and Prejudice, published in 1813, is about five sisters whose mother is desperate to see them married off.
These new social norms, combined with the prohibition of alcohol resulted in a luxurious, over-the-top, and high-spending lifestyle. One character who embodies all of the characteristics of the “new woman,” is Daisy Buchanan, the wife of Tom Buchanan. In The Great Gatsby, Daisy Buchanan is portrayed by F. Scott Fitzgerald as a woman who is more concerned about her social status and wealth than her morals, but when examined closer, it is evident that she was torn by her idea of love. Daisy Buchanan is a beautiful young woman originally from Louisville, Kentucky. She is Nick Carraway’s cousin and the love of a young, fabulously rich, Jay Gatsby.
One of the aspects that are meant here is the reviewing the role of women in the society. At the age of parties, there appeared a category of women who were called flappers. Those women caused discussions in the society since they were usually slender, fashionable, and opinionated women who loved partying hard, smoked and drank much. They also flaunted their sexuality in ways considered shocking at the time3. Nevertheless, such self-expression of women was the continuation in their fight for equal rights and perception.
Scott Fitzgerald reinforces the oppression of women through his menial depiction of women. Fitzgerald uses his character, Daisy Buchanan, to represent the selfish and shallow perspectives on upper-class women during his era. He contrasts this image of wealthy society by using Myrtle Wilson, a needy mistress, to manifest the greed existent within the women at the bottom of the social hierarchy. Jordan Baker embodies a highly modernized and independent female during the time, yet she is constantly treated unequal to men. Fitzgerald creates females that are subjected to constant inferiority in his novel, rather than giving them more original characteristics.
The main themes that can be clearly seen and felt are society, class and marriage. Another common theme is women's morality and sensuality. Before the publication of Jane Eyre, women were simple supposed to live under the expectations of society. After this novel was published, the "new woman" became predominant who was based on the main character, Jane, who was independent, strong, forward, and radical in the sense of marriage and contraception opinions. The theme of sex scandal goes along with women's morality and sensuality because it also went against the prior conservative social expectations and beliefs for women.
Women established independence in the 1920s on the basis of their recently granted voting rights, and the more women are encouraged to vote, the more independent they become(Henretta 644).The term “Flappers” is often used to describe women living in the 1920s as the dress code for woman has completely changed from the victorian traditions("New"). In a coke advertising poster in the 1920s, the women in the image has short hair, painted nails and is in a sundress(“Let’s”). The celebratory background, her joyful expression and the cute panda doll give the audience the feeling that the woman lives with ease and has a good companion. Her appearance and the way she holds the hands of her companion suggests that she is not a household wife and to a family, but is instead, an independent individual seeking for romance. This impression of a delighted woman was the role model for women and also the ideal date for men.
Christina Valentin History 108 The Flapper: More than a Pretty Face In the 1920’s there were a few revolutions, but none as everlasting as the female revolution that was the flapper. It is hard to imagine that so many people influenced her in different ways. From the way she dressed to the things she did, the flapper was conceived by the world around her. What is more amazing is that she has left a mark that has transcended throughout the decades.
1. The two characteristic that can be identified as flapper characteristic in source one, is that younger women after the first war who became flappers wore shorter shapeless dress’s which gave them more freedom and movement. Another characteristic is that they wore make-up and drank alcohol. 2.
The fight against women’s oppression has gone through many challenges throughout the decades, one of the most iconic changes being the flapper era. Flappers are well known for embracing their new freedoms such as; drinking, smoking, dancing, being more sexually promiscuous, and not adhering to the expectations that their previous feminist mothers had recently laid just a decade earlier. As flappers gained and used these new freedoms and advancements, many of their conservative elders started to worry about the implications of their new carefree actions. To deal with the flapper's new behavior, the elders began describing flappers as a phase in life that was okay for young adults to go through , while still expecting them to settle down and become a wife and care for the home later in life.
“Bernice Bobs Her Hair” is a short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald that reflects on the summer visit of two wealthy cousins in the 20’s. Marjorie is one of the main characters she is one of the more popular girls in town; her cousin Bernice is her cousin who is visiting for the summer, Bernice is bad at almost anything that comes with being social especially keeping a conversation and is socially awkward even though she is pretty she is quit “dopless”. Bernice starts taking lessons from her cousin in no time she is becoming socially adept,the boys start to like Bernice more than Majorie which causes some tension and like any family jealousy she dares Bernie to bob her hair. In the 20’s to bob your hair was not heard of often it was seen as not