Absolutism and Democracy are just two of the many forms of government. Absolutism is also known as an absolute monarch, this is when a ruler has complete authority over the government and the lives of the people. Democracy is also known as a democratic government, this is a system of government in which the people hold ruling power. These forms of government are both very effective; however, I believe that a democracy was the most effective during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Voltaire, John Locke in Two Treatises on Government, and Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws are some of the supporters of a democratic government.
Democracy is a political system which, at its core, enshrines the public sovereignty through the representative mechanism. In democracy, political representation by popular vote is a source of the political legitimacy on which the government practice the state power. As always, we have learnt about “power tends to corrupt, absolute power corrupts absolutely” , say Lord Acton , we , in democracies , need to set up control mechanism over usage of power . On the other hand, the government can do nothing for the people without having considerable powers such as taxation, law makings, law enforcement and probing social and political issues and the likes . In concept of Democracy, the power must be limited and put under “check and balance” mechanism.
“Democracy is beautiful in theory; in practice it is a fallacy,” said Benito Mussolini. By the time one enters the third grade they become aware of concept of democracy. Specifically in America, one is taught that they live in a democratic society. When asking what is democracy, the answer is never truly defiente. The answers given may be; a society where everyone votes, or by dictionary definition “a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of the state; typically through elected representation.” However when analyzing the etymology of the word democracy we come to find out that demos means the people and kratia means rule or power in greek.
Democracy is a system of government in which every citizen in the country can vote to elect its government officials. Rober Dahl argues that an ideal democracy is consisted of two factors: political participation and political contestation (Dahl, 1991) . Political participation demonstrates that all the citizens who are eligible to vote have to have a right to vote to reflect their political requests to the real politics. The election have to be a transparent and accountable one. Also, after the election, power have to be given to the successful candidates.
Democracy emanates from a Greek word Demokratia which means the rule of people. In Geek context, it excluded slaves, foreigners and women. It was only men participating however the trend changed (Britannica.com). “Democracy refers to a government of the people, for the people, and by the people.”-Abraham Lincoln. Democracy refers to a system of governance in which the supreme powers are vested in the hands of people and is exercised by them indirectly or directly through a system of representation which involves periodic free and fair elections (http://www.zesn.org.zw/publications/publication_280.pdf).
The United States has an important type of government called democracy. “Democracy is the idea that is ruled by a government chosen by election where most of the populace are enfranchised. The key distinction between a democracy and the other forms of constitutional government is usually taken to be that the right to vote is not limited by a person’s wealth or race (the main qualification for enfranchisement is usually having reached a certain age) A democratic government is, therefore, one supported by a majority of the populace”. There are many other types of government with different systems that can function just as great or even much better. There is constitutional monarchy, technocracy, meritocracy but best of all is Geniocracy.
Democracy is a system of government, people choose political leaders through elections which are held on a regular basis. Every citizen over a certain age is allowed the vote ; regardless of gender and social status. Socrates argued not everyone should be allowed to vote “ Democracy should not include every member of society due to lack of education”. Democracy “is the government of the people, by the people,for the people”.The elections are conducted free and fairly on regular basis, it relies on citizen participation, it is a platform to voice opinions and debate without violence. Political participation in democracy must be peaceful, respect the law and tolerant towards individual views.
Direct democracy refers to the identity of the rulers and the rulers of the coincidence, citizens as the country's master directly manage their own affairs, and not through intermediaries and representatives. Have the elements of direct democracy, directly involved in the direct election and referendum, but not a direct democracy. In the strict sense, the direct democracy refers only to the direct democracy of the state system. Direct democracy has two levels of meaning: one refers to the specific issues in the way of direct democracy to make a decision, but the whole country is still the dominant system of indirect democracy. The direct democracy on the specific issue is merely a supplement to it.
Democracy is the form of government where people choose their representative to rule the government. Establishment of democracy brings freedom to the people and individual freedom gives peace and tranquillity to the society and to a whole
Democracy is a government of the people, for the people, and by the people.”(Abraham Lincoln). Democracy emanates from a Greek word Demokratia which means the rule of people. In other words, power rests with people in democracy. (Britannica.com). Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme powers are vested in the people and is exercised by them indirectly or directly through a system of representation usually involving periodic fair elections (http://www.zesn.org.zw/publications/publication_280.pdf).