The short term immune response is known as the Innate Immune System and the long term is known as the Adaptive Immune Response. Monocytes and macrophages, primarily involved in atherosclerosis, are part of the innate immune response. Macrophages have two main functions. They can act as phagocytes that engulf foreign particles or as antigen presenting cells. They receive signals in order to be activated.
I also gave an explanation on therapeutic cloning process in which describing the all the good that could come from it. Therapeutic cloning is something that should get more recognition because the good it can do. As talk about before it can be used for more than transplants, but other study. There are endless uses this process can help improve humanity from find cure for diseases to getting a better understanding on an organ process. There are some still believe that the benefit could be accomplish by it, is not enough to overcome the ethic issue they have.
Stem cells are cells that are unspecialized cells and they divide into specialized cells. The there are many types of stem cells, the three main types are: Embryonic stem cells, non-embryonic stem cells or adult stem cells, and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Through years of research scientists
Due to its complications , legalization and ethical clearance issues have significantly reduced the feasibility of use of stem cells in the medical and dental field. Postnatal cells are multipotent in nature. However, the these stem cells posses limited ability to differentiate into other cell types than the embryonic stem cells. But the advantage of postnatal stem cells is such that they can be used as a source of cells for autologous type of transplants, with greater ability to reduce and minimize the risk factor of rejection of cells due to immune response. The postnatal stem cells can be obtained from the individuals at any stage in lifetime.
While Andrea’s procedure was successful at decompressing the ureterocele, it lead to a complication, kidney reflux. Kidney reflux is when urine flows from your bladder then back up the ureter into the kidney rather than going through the urethra. This is a very common complication caused by a transurethral puncture. This is why Yvonne should have opted for a different procedure that has fewer complications, such as a ureteropyelostomy. Even though this procedure is more complicated and has a longer recovery time it has a higher success rate.
Cerebral edema is a life threatening homeostatic imbalance that may be caused by many things and can be treated if the diagnosis, recognition and management is timely. (ScienceDirect: Cerebral Edema) There are three categories of cerebral edema: vasogenic, cytotoxic and interstitial. Vasogenic edema happens when there is increased permeability of the blood brain barrier. Some of the most common vasogenic causes of edema include: brain tumors/abscesses, lead toxicity, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis and hypercapnia. Cytotoxic edema is most commonly characterized by the swelling of neurons, glia and constriction of extracellular space.
Congenital Analgesia has been present in individuals for several centuries, but the first medial case study was not performed until 1932 by Dr. Dearborn, on a man that had referred to himself as a human pincushion. This case study was described as a ‘Case of Congenital Pure Analgesia’ and led to many further studies and the creation of different terms to describe Congenital Analgesia. With access to more sophisticated technology, experiments have now been completed to determine the cause of Congenital Analgesia and allow doctors to have a better understanding of the disorder and its effects on each
Stem cells have a remarkable feature, they can become bone, muscle, cartilage and other specialized types of cells. Stem cells have the potential to cure specific diseases such as Parkinson 's, Alzheimer 's, Diabetes, and Cancer. A few years ago, you could only get stem cell transplants from specific doctors, But as of 2015 there are 170 clinics that can do the procedure. The way that they implant the stem cells into the patient 's body is by putting the cells straight into the bloodstream or by inserting the cells into the patient 's bone marrow. They extract all of the stem cells that they need and then they take out the patient 's dead stem cells and put in the donor 's healthy stem cells.
Genetically modified animals involve the changing of the genetic information by adding or removing DNA sequences in an uncommon way that is not natural. Genetic modification aims to modify certain characteristics of animals and/or introduce new traits. Those traits include resistance of diseases and growth enhancement (Ormandy, Dale, & Griffin, 2011). Keyword(s): genetic modification What is Genetic Modification? Genetic modification is the manipulation of genes through gene isolation, modification of genes so that they function better, preparation of genes that are inserted into new species, and transgene development.