Such treatment towards Muslim people is a violation of one’s basic human right and may perhaps be a threat to cohesion within societies. Definition of Key Terms Islamophobia Islamophobia is a hatred and fear toward Islam and Muslims that results in discrimination creating a distorted understanding of Islam and Muslims. Islam Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one incomparable God and that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
The Reasons Why Islamophobia İncreases In The World? In Oxford English Dictionary, Islamophobia is defined as “intense dislike or fear of Islam, especially as a political force, hostility or prejudice towards Muslims.” This term was first used in 20th century and had its own definition at 1970s. Particularly, after the 11 September events -which a radical Islamic group claimed its responsibility- in U.S.A. most of the non-Muslims in the world knew the Muslims with violence. The Berkeley Institute on Racism Studies says that Islam is often seen as a religion of violence which supports terrorism and has a violent political ideology. This perception of Islam is enlarging globally more and more because of some reasons such as terrorist attacks in non-Muslim countries, effect of media on the people, misunderstanding of Islam, and lack of the true representative Muslims in non-Muslim countries.
Stereotypes are easily formed by actions of others. The Middle Eastern society has been pushed into the stereotype that they’re for violence and destruction. This is due to the radical extremists who have caused the damage within their own nation and others. The stereotype of the a Muslim’s religion is not violent simply because these extremists are Middle Eastern and have an Islamic religion. Not all Arabic men are not oppressive and violent because some of them perpetuate these deeds.
EFFECTS OF ISLAMOPHOBIA: POLITICAL Anti-Muslim sentiments and rampant Islamophobia has led to many countries taking a legal stand against Muslims. The peoples’ unease towards their Muslim countrymen have caused lawmakers and politicians to restrict Muslim citizens’ freedom to practice their religion and, more recently, to travel. The most notably controversial laws against Muslims in the 21st century are those implemented by the state of France and the United States of America. The French government, on the 15th of March 2004, enforced a law that banned the wearing of any ‘conspicuous signs’ of religious affiliation in public schools. This occurred following the ‘Islamic scarf controversy’; about Muslim girls wearing the hijab
Islamophobia is also due to the misinformation about Muslims to the Western public via the images on many forms of media and Muslims are often labelled as terrorists and this has become a usual image to public that Muslims are terrorists. Another factor that is often to be overlooked as contributor to the rise of Islamophobia is the length of news slot that is dedicated in covering radicalisation and trrorism. Islamophobia is always discussed in the setting of the debate of how Muslims and Islams are presented in the
As a result of the lacking knowledge concerning Islam and the related culture, Muslim people are doomed to suffer. While many people believe that all terrorists are the Muslims, they, actually speaking, do not belong to Islam. In fact, many Arab countries even created a union to fight against terrorism. To avoid accusing innocent people for
the Islamic culture is viewed as oppressive, irrational, backward, and patriarchal because of the incorporation of the traditional Islamic culture and absence of the civic culture. The countries view the resistance to secularization as rejection of democracy, equality, rule of law- the notions which the Muslims struggle to bring to their countries. According to Huntington, the western ideas of free market, separation of the church and the state face little opposition in primary Islamic countries. The difference is mainly due to power structures and political realities in the United States and Middle East countries like Iraq and Iran. There is a general perception of incompatibility of the Muslim and western values.
Islam and feminism are two of the main issues that are often raised and debated in intellectual discourses when it comes to Islam. According to the Free Dictionary (n.d.), feminism is defined as the belief in or advocacy of women’s social, political and economic rights, especially those that surround the equality of the sexes. The 21st century feminism is considered as radical feminism as it views patriarchy as the cause of oppression on women. Moreover, it also opposes the existing social and political organization as the system is based on the patriarchal system which treats men as a privilege group. For example, they critic institutions that downgrade the status as women such as religion and government, oppose marriage as they believe that marriage is patriarchal and causes women to be subjected to men and they fight for the right of women to choose their own sexuality and sexual preferences, or in other words, they support lesbianism and bisexuality (Lewis, 2017).
He is known for his nationalist and pro-Buddhist rhetoric. He was accused for his hate speeches against Muslims and violence against them. They shape Islam as inimical to Buddhist values, mainly due to their specific attitudes towards women . The extremist Buddhists claim that non-Buddhist tactics such as buying only from the Buddhist shops came from Muslims, and that it shouldn’t be considered as discrimination, but rather supporting business of their people. They state that restricting inter-religious marriages is also not traditional Buddhist way, but if it helps Buddhism it is acceptable .
Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alayhe) was a very great Imam. He met many of the Sahaba (may Allah be pleased with them) and out of the four Imams he has the most followers. Thus his position has been very high. Imam Zuhra Misri (Rahmatullah alayhe) and Shaykh Makki (Rahmatullah alayhe) said in their books that “Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah