In October 1922 at the fascist party convention in Naples, 39-year-old Benito Mussolini began mounting a campaign to overthrow the government. Mussolini vowed to take by the throat the miserable political class that governed. He would march on Rome, force the King to dismiss the government, and make him prime minister. Frightened, King Vittorio Emanuele II decided there was no point in resisting and made Mussolini Italy's 27th Prime Minister. Mussolini had told the nation he'd come to power through a violent takeover though, so he ordered his irregular troops to converge on Rome and had all his photographers waiting to show them waving sticks and guns to convince people that he won power by force.
But, during World War II and his own people killed him, on April 28, 1945, in Mezzegra, Italy. Political Theories and Beliefs: In 1902, Benito Mussolini moved to Switzerland to promote socialism, and quickly gained a reputation for his magnetism and remarkable rhetorical talents. While engaging in political demonstrations, he caught the attention of Swiss authorities and was eventually expelled from the country. In 1904, Mussolini returned to Italy and
He forged the paramilitary Fascist movement in 1919-1921, using it to march on Rome, become prime minister, and then to seize dictatorial power (1925-1926). By subduing Libya (1922-1932), pacifying Somalia (1923-1927), conquering Ethiopia (1935-1936), helping the Nationalists win the Spanish civil war (1936-1939), and seizing Albania (April 1939), Mussolini made Italy predominant in the Mediterranean-Red Sea region.” (history) The quotation shows that Mussolini believed he could build his own empire, and his Fascist movement won a lot of wars as well. “Rome comrades! Through you I want to speak to the Italian people, to the authentic, real, great Italian people, who fight with the courage of lions on land, sea and air fronts…The Italian people, the Fascist people deserve and will have victory. The hardships, suffering and sacrifices that are faced with exemplary courage and dignity by the Italian people will have their day of compensation when all the enemy forces are crushed on the battlefields by the heroism of our soldiers and a triple, immense cry will cross the mountains and oceans like lightning and light new hopes and give new certainties to spirit multitudes: Victory, Italy, peace with justice among peoples!” (The quotation from Mussolini’s speech in Rome, Italy, February 23, 1941) This is important because this is the speech from Mussolini in order to let Italian to get involved the war.
The myth of Mussolini differentiated the Italian fascism from the other totalitarian regimes in the Nazi Germany and communist Russia. For instance, in Germany and Russia the party, represented by a leader, had a key role in the organization of the society as well as in the symbolism of the regime; in Italy Mussolini was, alone, above everything and Duce meant the leader of the party, the leader of fascism, and the guide and Supreme Head of the régime (Gentile 136). On March 24, 1924 he affirmed that “fascism was the fruit of one will: his own” and the emphasis on his person created the premises for the distinction between Mussolini and the party (Falasca-Zamponi 56-61). Mussolini was able to exploit his strong personality and charisma not only to submit the entire Italy, but also his party affirming himself as the “complete, absolute power over everybody” (Falasca-Zamponi
For instance, in the course of only three years (1919-1922) and under different affiliations, five different governments were built by the Parliament. Furthermore, allied powers received much more advantageous deals than Italy from the Treaty of Versailles that put an end to World War I, which led the Italian economy to its fall. In the 20th century, Benito Mussolini, born in Predappio in 1883, emerged in that hectic chaos that ruled his country. He came back to Italy in 1904, after having escaped to Switzerland to evade being drafted into the Italian military, and created the Italian Fascist Party in 1919. Unemployment was increasing and Italy was being submerged by political anarchy, and as a result to its nationalist platform, the Fascist Party, led by Mussolini, gained the people’s support and won 35 seats in the 1921
In the election of 1921, the Italian Fascist party had gained a considerable amount of seats, but not enough to enact the change they wanted. In an effort to have the coalition government relinquish their power, thousands of Blackshirts entered Rome and demanded the resignation of the current Prime Minister. Surprisingly, without sufficient weapons or numbers, they succeeded and Mussolini became Prime Minister of Italy, and 3 years later became dictator. Mussolini would not have rose to power if the Italian people had not been broken from war. Following the Treaty of Versailles, Italy was left with thousands of wounded and missing soldiers, and not many spoils of war.
During the inter-war period (1919-1938), totalitarianism emerged in both Italy and Germany. Mussolini and Hitler rose to power in 1922 and 1933 respectively as the totalitarian leader of the state and had a total control in all aspects of life on their nation, dominating all the political, social and economic activities. (Cheung, 2011) However, with different factors, the totalitarian rule of Mussolini and that of Hitler exhibited both similarities and differences in different aspects. Horizontal comparison method would be used to compare and contrast the totalitarian rule of Mussolini and that of Hitler in terms of political, social, cultural, economic, and diplomatic aspects. The general direction of Mussolini’s totalitarian rule possessed
Hitler’s organisation skills and personal traits helped to bring the Naizs into power. However, without the socio-economic problems that Germany encountered and the weakness of their political situation, Hitler would not have had the opportunity to come into power and destory democracy in 1933. In 1918, a republic was announced with the socialist Frederich Ebert as chancellor. Ebert wanted to sign the armistice
But the Bolshevik Revolution itself took advantage of the right conditions in Russia, in order to insure success. This goes to show that rising to power, gaining full totalitarian power calls for the right conditions and according methods to be applied. When Hitler rose to power in Germany in 1933, it had been in preparation for 16 years, and had required a series of changes to be made within Germany. The years of crisis for the Weimar Republic as well as the crash of Wall Street in 1929, help explain the conditions that allowed Hitler to rise to power. The methods used include propaganda, promises, and scapegoating as well as the measures taken following the election in 1930.
How did Hitler rise to power? Adolf Hitler was the Nazi Germany leader from 1934 to 1945.many people know about what he did as rulers of Germany like Causing World War II put the Jews in conservation camps and the Millions of people who died from the Holocaust or from Hitler 's Army. how Hitler rise to power was Interesting as well. Hitler was a good speaker and motivator to encourage people to join a Nazi party. he also used propaganda to help people join his party.