The Impact Of Nationalism And Naxalism

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Mitali Sud Professor Malvika Maheshwari Social and Political Formations FC009-1 1st December, 2014 How has the Creation of Chhattisgarh impacted Naxalism? The demand for the creation of smaller states is not a new phenomenon to India. After the States Reorganization Act in 1956 abolished existing provinces, new states were created based on language and ethnicity. India’s internal boundaries have since undergone numerous changes, with the creation of Nagaland, Haryana and Arunachal Pradesh to name a few. One argument for the creation of smaller states is development-based, with the understanding that smaller units are easier to administer, thus leading to economic, social and political development. India’s industrial growth in recent decades has accentuated the stark economic inequalities within the country. This may have, in part, resulted in the demand for the creation of smaller states. Keeping these aspirations in mind, Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal, and Jharkhand were carved out of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar respectively in 2000. In the hope of understanding the nuances of the relationship between smaller states and overall development, this paper will investigate the state’s response to Naxalism in the context of Chhattisgarh. This will be addressed through a focus on Salwa Judum, a militant group established in 2005. Research seems to indicate that the creation of Chhattisgarh has, despite efforts to the contrary, increased Naxalism in the area. To appreciate

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