The Impact Of Natural Disasters In The Philippines

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Over the years, the Philippines is consistently experiencing several natural disasters. This includes typhoons, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and many more. This is the reason why the archipelago is considered as a Disaster Hot Spot. There are more than two disasters occurring in the country. It is experiencing an average of twenty typhoons a year (ABS-CBN News, 2014). Nine of these will make a landfall (Joint Typhoon Warning Center, 2013). Large percentage of the country is at risk of earthquakes because of the Philippines Fault Line, one of the largest fault lines in the world. Mudslides and landslides are the major impact of geographical and climatological disasters in the country. The risk is increased because of the country’s rapid population growth, poor urban planning, and rapid urbanization (Hyland, 2013). Natural Hazard is not a new issue. Geographical location is one of the reasons why the archipelago is experiencing multiple natural hazards. The Philippines is inside the Pacific Ring of Fire or Circum-Pacific Belt, and Western Pacific Basin (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014). Ring of Fire is where the earth 's surface is continuously moving and Western Pacific Basin is a portion of the Tropical Basin. In 2002, a 6.2 magnitude size earthquake occurred in the province of Sultan Kuradat (PHIVOLCS, 2002). Its recorded damages measured 80, 000 US Dollars or 4.175 Million Pesos. Over seven thousand families were affected (Office of Civil Defense, 2012). It was in
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