Western Missionary Assimilation By western missionary assimilation, we mean to say that the Christian missionaries in Igbo land, could not make a departure from their western orientation to an orientation that is more Igbo in nature. They chose rather to force those western values and cultural convictions of the Igbos. This made the acceptance of the faith by the pre-colonial igbo society quite hard for the missionaries. Some where even killed because of this. Africans wanted the missionaries to go home because of their assumption of the superiority of European culture imposed on them.
One of the main Congolese that rejects Nathan’s search for justice is the chief of the village, Tata Ndu. "Tata Ndu feels that bringing the Christian word to these people is leading them to corrupt ways." (Kingsolver 129) This shows that not everybody believes that Christianity is so great. In Nathan’s head Christianity brings justice to the Congo but to the Congolese, Christianity only brings more injustice to them. Nevertheless Nathan’s ignores their thoughts and beliefs and continues to try to force Christianity on
If the ideology is effective the result is the domination. The ideology could come from customs, religious beliefs, or economic interest. Therefore, all the local forms of slavery from concubines to pawnship had legitimacy, despite such legitimacy not necessarily meant acceptance by the enslaved person. What I am trying to say is: slavery had an ideological framework in which the whole system rested. Consequently, when the Western abolition movement arrived in the Indian Ocean World (or other spaces beyond Americas) such framework was undermined because it was uncivilized.
According to Edusa-Eyison these European missionaries did not respect the people’s culture as “everything Africa was primitive, pagan, fetish, and heathen in the eyes of Europe.” Hence, Africans were told that in order to become Christians they must renounce their cultural practices and accept that of the Europeans (this was a sort of package deal). On Ndigbo axis, Nwosu affirms that “the missionaries adopted a negative attitude that was tantamount to condemnation of disproval of traditional Igbo society.” The adverse effect of this teaching is that it made people develop inferiority complexes concerning their cultural identity. This is because they now believe that in order to be a Christian, one must jettison his/her culture since they are thought to be “barbaric” and “heathen”. According to Schreiter all these “have undermined African Christians in two ways: by demeaning their own sense of worth and dignity as Africans.” The question to be asked then is whether the missionaries were really Christianizing or Westernizing the African people. One will have to say that they were Westernizing more than Christianizing and they might have done this consciously or unconsciously but the fact is that they identified European culture with Christianity.
While the reactions of hostility and awe demonstrate that Christianity is God’s chosen religion, and that Islamic people are the enemy, their criticisms of Christians’ sins are correct. Christendom’s punishment for this is the loss of the Holy Land, but these mistakes are reversible and destined to occur. The ultimate insight from Mandeville’s description of the Islamic kingsdoms is that Europeans believed their continent to be a shining light of good surrounded by darkness and violence. However, rather than retreat from the outside, Europeans praised the courageous explorers who ventured out of the safety of Christendom to grow the kingdom of Christ. Mandeville’s message of Islam’s flaws and criticisms are, like most medieval literature, ultimately optimistic.
When referring back to the slavery era in America, slaves were encouraged and often forced to adopt white religion (Christianity) through missionaries. The patriarchal view of religion impacted the black communities by discouraging them to question the order of their master. This idea was confirmed by Walker in an interview in 2012, where she stated that although Celie finds her voice by writing letters to God, she “discovers that the God that she is writing to is deaf, because he’s basically the Christian God that has been imposed on black people.” Consequently, with each passing generation, the Christian are further entrenched, strengthening the dominance of Christianity in black
Slavery existed in Western Europe and in Africa, however, it was fundamentally different from the Americas, as it was not centered around the color of one’s skin and how one looked. The colonization of the New World was built upon the principles of European financial and cultural hegemony over the rest of the world; African enslavement was a necessity that would allow this grand plan to reach fruition. While the act of slavery itself is inhumane, racial slavery is truly wretched and devalued human life to such an extent that millions needlessly died in the European pursuit of wealth and power. Europeans simply categorized everyone in West Africa as the same, to justify slave trade, ignoring culture, customs, and differences between tribes. Even though, Africa was already developed, Europeans lied about them as savage backwards people when such a reality did not exist, “In complexity and prosperity, many African societies compared with those of Europe and Central America” (Clark, pg.
Syncretism has been a key part of the survival of African practices on the plantation. The enslaves were forbidden to practice their faith publicly. The planters believed that the Africans were Eden or primitive people because they had a pantheon of Gods along with practices that seemed evil (which was voodoo/black magic) that threaten slave revolts. Apart of the enslaved process was to Christianize the Africans, therefore, they were taught the basic elements of the Christian faith. This was what led to the rise of syncretism as the Africans took the Christian teachings and juxtaposed it with their African Traditional beliefs.
The essence of transformational theories is that leaders transform their followers through their inspirational nature and charismatic personalities. Rules and regulations are flexible, guided by group norms. These attributes provide a sense of belonging for the followers as they can easily identify with the leader and its
With the "White Man's Burden , Kipling draws out the need for the white people of western society to help the heathens of Africa and Asia. In this many argued that Europeans had a moral duty to enlighten the ignorant peoples of the East. Most imperialists believed that the advanced west civilizations should help lessen the burden to the indigenous people. They did this by introducing Christianity to them and spreading democracy and capitalism to the societies of these "heathen masses. Although the new imperialists thought that their motives were to help the people of Africa and Asia, they did do this also for other reasons.