Research questions: How does inequality and poverty affect each other? What measures can be taken to tackle this issue of poverty? Objectives: To investigate the causes and effects of poverty To find out how inequality and poverty are interconnected To suggest possible solutions to decrease the rate of poverty If we want to make poverty history, we first need to understand the history of poverty. To understand how this devilish chain of poverty began, I researched upon its history. According to many, poverty first manifested during the rules of kings when the caste systems were created and when jobs, money and food were allocated to people according to their castes, colour and ancestral standards that are their family background of the jobs and respect given to that family.
Therefore, institutions such as the World Bank have tackle this problematic from different perspectives. There are projects to incentivize social protection form a labor perspective, or trying to reduce risk, or contributing directly to productivity. Oportunidades is the leading social protection project in Mexico. This initiative started in 1998 under the name Progresa. This project was mainly for families in rural and urban communities, which were under poor conditions.
These actions are what we refer to as social security. Social security is a vital idea and an essential segment of a state program to curb diseases, poverty, and unemployment. The International Labor Organization (ILO) Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention No. 102 of 1952, defines social security as: “The result achieved by a comprehensive and successful and series of measures for protecting the public (or a large sector of it) form the economic distress, that, in the absence of such measures, would be caused by the stoppage of earning in sickness, unemployment or old age and after death; for making available to that same public medical care as needed; and for subsidizing families bringing up young children.” (Bloom et al. )The National Commission on Labor states that a society is responsible for protecting its members through joint actions against social risks that cause
Human capital, poverty, and productivity are the main issue in the article that the author is trying to examine for the readers by bringing out the social problem that we are facing nowadays. We have all felt a shortage of money, cash and wealth at all times and this is vary according to individual experience. However, there is the minority in our world are a millionaire, a billionaire who enjoy humongous wealth. So, how does this happen? This essay will examine the symptom and illness of being poor into three parts where the introduction lays down the general outline, followed by the author discussion and opinion with a conclusion.
Welfare state model From a global perspective, the concept of social security system is analyzed in various countries' policies, literatures and related treatises because of different characteristics and understandings of different countries. The term "social security" first appeared in the social security act of 1935. The definition of "social security" by the international Labour organization is: "the so-called social security is a kind of social achievement which is pursued through a series of comprehensive policies and measures. Are these policies and measures for the disease, unemployment, old age and death and interrupt source of income, in poor trying to protect the public, such as the above personnel to provide necessary medical treatment,
In David S. Landes book, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations, he decides to take a historical approach on the reasons behind why some people remain poor and how others are so rich by trying to comprehend the reasons that lead to advances in economies and modernization in certain regions around the world over the past few decades. In other words by asking how we have come to where we are today in the sense of making, getting and spending. Throughout the book, Landes talks about how we live in a world filled with inequality and diversity therefore leading to classifying those who are poor and unable to afford medical health care living in the North and the wealthy in the South. David S. Landes aim was to basically make people aware of how it is actually geography that is responsible for this division between countries that have caused a lot of hardship for the unprivileged people by making it impossible for them to improve economically as a result of their geographical location on the map. In Landes book, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations, he argues, “Now the big challenge and threat is the gap in the wealth and health that separates the rich and poor.
Do we really have to support such large global companies which only pay the absolutely minimum to their workers (cheap labour) at their factories? In this case we have to think about our own consumption. We must take more responsibility towards our environment and especially towards our fellow human beings and our society! In my opinion it is also one of the most important tasks of a social worker to face inequalities. Inequalities between men and women and also between rich and poor
Concept of social protection The definition of social protection may be found in various sources. The International Labour Organisation (hereafter referred to as the ILO) defines this concept as: ‘…the set of public measures that a society provides for its members to protect them against economic and social distress that would be caused by the absence or a substantial reduction of income from work as a result of various contingencies (sickness, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, invalidity, old age and death of the bread winner); the provision of health care; and the provision of health care; and the provision of benefits for families with
ABSTRACT The concept of ‘welfare’ and ‘welfarism’ existed from the understanding of community based services. It states the notion of benefitting the larger mass, providing them all sort of necessities for a better standard of life. However, in order to analyse welfare states or, for that matter, public, fiscal, occupational welfare, and societies’ total welfare, it is important to be clear about what welfare is as that has consequences for our understanding of what a welfare state is and how welfare can be measured especially in context of dealing with inequality and poverty. Inequality and poverty as social issues have coexisted for far long. Inequalities that prevail across various factors like income distribution and access to productive resources, basic social services, opportunities, markets, and information have been on the rise worldwide, simultaneously causing and exacerbating poverty across globe.
The social Welfare Services of the Government of India are planned to carter to the unique needs of persons and gatherings who, by reason of some impairment, social, financial, physicals or mental are not able to profit themselves of the comforts and administrations gave by the group. These weaker areas incorporate ladies, youngsters, crippled, matured and weak, Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes and so forth. Social welfare exercises in the nation find their motivation in constitution which proposes the objective of welfare state. Article 38 of the Constitution appreciating that the steps should strive to push the welfare of the individuals by securing and ensuring as successfully as it may, a social request in which, social, financial