After spending billions of dollars to go to the moon, Congress expected the Shuttle program to be financially self-supportive. This forced NASA to operate as a pseudo commercial business. Therefore, the environment within NASA preceding the Challenger launch was one of conflict, stress, and shortcuts. NASA The fact that the demands were getting higher and higher on NASA for the launch, it made the probability for disaster grow exponentially. NASA officials had a false sense of security and it lead to a decay and ultimately destruction.
Even though nuclear weapons have been used only twice until now, the fear of large scale mass destruction still looms as 2000 nuclear tests have been conducted till now. The best solution for this fear is disarmament. A world free of nuclear weapons is what we need to implement for the sake of humanity. However, achieving this goal is not that easy. Disarmament remains only an aspiration despite a longstanding taboo against using nuclear weapons.
The USA had suffered relatively less from the war and had enjoyed great success from supplying the other allies with war materials and food while USSR had been damaged more on the western side and completely unharmed on the east. The Americans had the world’s largest navy and air force and they controlled the atomic bomb. The war boosted American economy, allowing US to become a superpower in the post war global market. The USSR, severely weakened, still had the largest army in the world. Both countries were highly suspicious of each other’s intentions.
Another reason why the atomic bomb was justified was because Japan was going too far with their attacks towards many countries and they were undefeatable. The only way for World War II to end was to get Japan to surrender. And the way that America decided to do so was to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, hoping for surrender from Japan. America would have obviously used the bomb, because they had around 5 billion dollars developing the bomb, so it would just go to waste if they did not use
The military diminished during the Carter years, but Reagan reversed that by rebuilding the armed forces (Reagan Civics). In particular, President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative intimidated the Soviet leaders and influenced them to negotiate with him to reduce nuclear weapons (Jim Woods). Reagan's stiff rule allowed for positives actions to result from such advances. He increased defense spending by more than 40%, increased troop levels, and even got much-needed space parts into the pipeline (Jim Woods). By increasing spending, Americas well-being was therefore cemented for the time being.
The realization of nuclear war, in many ways, was a wake up call for America, the Soviets and the world. Certainly, both countries contributed to the causes of the Cuban Missile crisis, but it is hard to argue that both superpowers anticipated such a crisis. The nationalization of American Companies, the Bay of Pigs fiasco and the discovery of suspected missiles in Cuba by US spy planes were the main contributors to the Cuban Missile crisis. Luckily for the two superpowers, they were able to come to an agreement in which Khrushchev proposed to destroy his nuclear capabilities if America withdrew their missiles from Turkey. If this had not been reached, the picture today would be bleak.
Watching the USSR’s gradual climb to power, the U.S. found it important as the police of the world to keep the USSR in check. Through this paper, I will talk about how the ignorance of the governments led to the conflict between the superpowers. Stalin’s use of repression in the early 1950’s to quickly accelerate the development of the USSR showed the world success could be achieved without a miraculous economic boom the U.S. had. This success was adored by many third world countries and former imperial countries as they believed that they could do something similar in order to increase their own prosperity. What they did not realize was the amount of
Thesis statement: Though many speculate that the act of dropping the atomic bomb on Japan (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) while not doing so on Europe (Germany and Italy) was racially motivated, racism played little to no role in these bombings. The United States of America and her allies were willing to end World War II at any cost, had the atomic bombs been available they would have been deployed in Europe. In the 1940’s there is no doubt that the United States of America was engulfed by mass anti-Japanese hysteria which inevitably bled over into America’s foreign policy. During this period Japanese people living in both Japan and the United States of America were seen as less that human. Japanese-Americans living on the west coast were savagely and unjustifiably uprooted from their daily lives.
It was not to end the war. We are often taught that the use of the atomic bomb was necessary to end the war with Japan at the earliest possible moment, but judging by the statements of many high ranking political and military personnel, this is simply not the case. "The Japanese were ready to surrender and it wasn 't necessary to hit them with that awful thing ... I hated to see our country be the first to use such a weapon,"Eisenhower said in 1963. On September 9, 1945, Admiral William F. Halsey, commander of the Third Fleet, was publicly quoted as stating that the atomic bomb was used because the scientists had a “toy and they wanted to try it out…” He further stated that “the first atomic bomb was an unnecessary experiment” and that it was“a mistake to ever drop it.” By all the evidence and information we have above, it shows us that to end the WWII is not really the reason for U.S. to drop that bombs on Japan.
INTRODUCTION Human invented disastrous things like atom bomb hydrogen bomb etc. to rule the world but actually it is not happened. In reality atom rule the world now. There are mainly three peace keeping approaches in the international politics to manage the war or big threat to the world like world war first and second, cold war and terrorist attacks by the means of arms and destructive weapons and nuclear weapons which can ruin the world, those approaches are :- 1. Arms control 2.