The Impact Of Tourism

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Tourism can be defined as the activity of traveling to any place for pleasure. The World Tourism Organizations defines tourism as people traveling to and staying in places outside their common environment less than one year either for leisure, business or other purposes. Past researcher defined tourism as short-term movement to places outside their normal residences, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to satisfy their necessities (Mathieson & Wall, 1982). Tourism is also a study of man away from his usual habitat, of the industry, which responds to his needs, and of the impacts that both he and the industry have on the host’s socio-cultural, economic, and physical environments (Jafari, 1977).
Tourism can be either within the country or outside nation. Countries such as Malaysia (source: Tourism Malaysia), Hong Kong (source: HKTB), Japan (source: JNTO), Vietnam (source: VNAT) and Korea (source: KTO) are actively promoting their tourism sector in order to invite tourists to visit their countries. This is because for certain countries, tourism is one of crucial source of national income (Karatzoglou, 2014). Promotion will help to attract tourists to visit their country, at the same time increase their country’s income.

As we know, tourists can be categorized as Muslim tourists and Non-Muslim tourists. In addition to this categorization of Muslim tourists, Henderson (2010) distinguishes between Islamic tourism,

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