Anti-Islam Tourism Essay

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Tourism can be defined as the activity of traveling to any place for pleasure. The World Tourism Organizations defines tourism as people traveling to and staying in places outside their common environment less than one year either for leisure, business or other purposes. Past researcher defined tourism as short-term movement to places outside their normal residences, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to satisfy their necessities (Mathieson & Wall, 1982). Tourism is also a study of man away from his usual habitat, of the industry, which responds to his needs, and of the impacts that both he and the industry have on the host’s socio-cultural, economic, and physical environments (Jafari, 1977).
Tourism can be either within the country or outside nation. Countries such
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In addition to this categorization of Muslim tourists, Henderson (2010) distinguishes between Islamic tourism, non-Islamic tourism and un-Islamic (anti-Islamic) tourism. Islamic tourism or Halal tourism can be defined as Muslims’ activities when they travelling to and staying in places outside their typical environment for not more than one following year for participation of activities that originate from Islamic motivations (Duman, 2011). Halal can be defined as ‘permissible’ according to Islamic teaching (Sharia law). Halal also defined as any activity in tourism which is no offended to any Islamic teaching (Battour & Ismail, 2015). Halal tourism is a new concept in tourism industry, because previously Muslim tourists are not traveling much compared to nowadays (Geetanjali, 2014). This is because previously Muslim tourists are facing a difficulty in getting halal items especially in Muslim minority country. They tend to visit Muslim majority country such as Mecca, Malaysia and Indonesia (Zamori, 2016) and have been commonly related with visits hajj and
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