The Impact Of Transnational Migration

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1. Introduction 1.1. Introduction to Thesis The developing, and often controversial, discourse regarding the phenomenon of migration and human mobility has led to considerable academic research and analysis in transnational studies, particularly in the last 15 years. Transnational migration is not a new phenomenon (Levitt & Jaworsky 2007. What is new, however, are the factors which impact on transnational migration, inter alia, greater access to transportation and cheaper more effective methods of communication, which has resulted in extensive transnational movement and enabled migrants to maintain contact with their homeland (Levitt 2004, Glick-Schiller 2005:239). In particular, research has shown that migrants utilise a number of methods in order to maintain connections to their homelands while simultaneously becoming embedded in the countries of residence (Glick-Schiller 2003; Levitt and Glick-Schiller 2004). While there has been extensive cross-disciplinary research with regard to transnational migration, the role and influence of religion, within this context, is a relatively new field of interest. This is in spite of evidence that most religious movements, from inception, have been global and transnational (Levitt 2003). Levitt’s research indicates that migrants have a tendency to take their religion with them and their religion plays a role in enabling them to “craft new lives” which span their homeland and host country (Levitt 2007). In the process, they

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