The Impact Of Urbanization And Industrialization In The Philippines

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Philippines is considered as an agricultural country because its 30 million hectares or one third of its land area is used for agriculture. According to DENR Forest Management Bureau, there are 15.8 million hectares of total forestland in the Philippines last 2015. The country has once a richest biological diversity in the world but however, due to the improper and excessive use of the natural resources it results to being one of the lowest rates of per capita forest cover in the tropics. Some of our natural resources are now threatened and highly at risk, it includes tropical forests, marine and coastal resources. Overexploitation and destruction of the forest and coastal resources is the major and direct cause of this degradation. And some contributing factors include people’s greediness, rapid population growth, and conversion of land for industrial usage, urbanization, pollution, and sedimentation from extensive land-based erosion.
Production of the different types of export products causes different forms of impacts and effects to the environment. When the export change in forms, types or even just in volumes its impact to environment will also change. Particularly, In the 90’s, due to the shift in emphasis of exports, toxic chemicals and heavy metals have gradually more become significant pollutants.
Urbanization and Industrialization greatly affects the environment. In terms of forestation, some business establishment decided to start up their businesses in some
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