The Industrial Revolution Progress in technology and economy led to big changes in society during the industrialization. The industrial revolution started in Britain at the end of 17th century, and caused increasing population, wealth and power. How was the working conditions for, people and children? How was the living conditions for the less wealthy? What caused the urbanization?
People migrated in huge numbers from the countryside in order to look for jobs in the newly emerging industrial cities. Urbanisation is thus a part of the development process. The process of urbanisation has been a great boon to human societies. The cities are as important as the agricultural lands and other natural resources of a country. They are the centres of economic growth and development.
American Urbanization started like a wildfire and it spread so rapidly that facilities and institutions in society could not keep up. From 1850 to 1900 America completely changed from its agricultural state into a new industry based society. The four paramount changes that occured during America’s urbanization period were new immigration, the build up of cities (skyscrapers and mass transit), living conditions, and boss rule and the rise of mass consumption. Even though the changes during urbanization did not come easily due to immense diversity, they still paved the way to modern day America. The American dream: a promise of freedom and opportunities for prosperity and success.
The streetcar lines ran from the city center to the outside of the city, creating the suburbs. Other then streetcars, cities built passenger trains on overhead tracks. Subways and overhead railroads helped workers to get to and from their jobs rapidly. Transportation wasn’t the only thing that changed in cities. Cities began to set aside land for parks that contained zoos and gardens.
Cities improve due to innovation, but humans residing in them may not. The Industrial Revolution was a period in time where new inventions helped labor become less taxing and more efficient in the South. On the other hand, the North developed urban cities, which attracted many people. Urban cities had become the epitome of civilization: ease of life and wealth was present, but not available to everyone. To elaborate, these urban cities provided job opportunities to women.
These advancements had great effects on the structure of cities at the time. Around the time of these advancements, immigrants from all over Europe and Asia decided to attempt to make lives for themselves in America. This increase in population also led to changes in the cities, making them more urban. Ultimately, many factors including technological advancements, immigration, and the new laissez-faire government led to fairly extreme changes in American cities in the late 1800s. First, technological changes affected cities drastically in the 1800s with the creation of new inventions and
It made everything look contaminated and crowded. As Britannica states, “As Western industrial cities rapidly expanded during the first part of the 20th century, factories encroached upon residential areas, tenements crowded in among small houses, and skyscrapers overshadowed other buildings. To preserve property values and achieve economy and efficiency in the structure and arrangement of the city.” (Susan S. Fainstein), I can tell that urban planning got messed up and the city got overcrowded during the industrialization process. This is another quote that shows how bad the city planning was during the era of the industrialization: “The slums, congestion, disorder, ugliness, and threat of disease provoked a reaction in which sanitation improvement was the first
Americans from New York to San Francisco need to travel by boat, the shortest time to six months. It did not only impact economic development but also it made the government more difficult to control the country. The development of this transcontinental route provided a vein that could carry information, people, and goods across the whole mainland. The subsequent railroads that were built only paid tribute to this stately merits and achievements that changed the course of American history. Though the age of exploration and the wagon trains was over, the central railroad embodied the American spirit of the United States, which has made American overcome many difficulties on the way.
People from the countryside moved to the cities. This started the urbanization. New industries was constructed, and made the growing cities a source of wealth in England. Unfortunately, urbanization also had negative effects. The working-class neighborhoods were filthy, with no ventilation between houses that was badly constructed.
Urbanization is the name for the movement of people from rural to urban areas, and the resulting growth of cities. Urbanization is a process that has occurred, or is occurring, in nearly every part of the world that humans have inhabited. The word “urban” was derived from the Latin word “urbanus” meaning characteristic of or pertaining to, the city (Macionis and Parrillo,2007)[ ]. This goes on to explain or define urbanization as the “shift” from a rural to an urban society, and involves an increase in the number of people in urban areas during a particular year. (Nsiah-Gyabaah, 2003)[ ].