He adds that community involvement in the process is highly necessary. Therefore, a smart city would be a city that not only possesses and utilizes ICT technology but has also implemented this technology to positively impact its community. An alternative definition for a “smart city” according to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is: "A smart city brings together technology, government and society to enable the following characteristics: smart cities, a smart economy, smart mobility, a smart environment, smart people, smart living, and smart governance.” For the Indian Government (2014): "Smart City offers sustainability in terms of economic activities and employment opportunities to a wide section of its residents, regardless of their level of education, skills or income levels.” On the other hand, by general definition, a smart citizen is one who has civic sense and respects the law. According to citizenlab, innovations and technologies implemented in the smart city create smart citizens. We become smart citizens through our changing behaviors, efficient practices and smarter social
Electronic business (e-business) can be defined as the use of the internet to network and empower business processes, electronic commerce, organizational communication and collaboration within a company and with its customers, suppliers, and other stakeholders. E-businesses utilise the internet, intranets, extranets and other networks to support their commercial processes (Colin Combe, 2006). Companies go online to engage in advertising, buying and selling of products and services. Due to the increased competitiveness in the hypermarket industry, the adoption of e-business has helped companies gain a competitive edge over their peers in terms of reduced costs, increased revenue streams and greater customer satisfaction. Operational costs such
E-government has become a popular focus of government efforts in many countries around the world. Many of these countries have proceeded to implement and adopt their E-government systems and services. It reflects the intention for public organizations and governments to take advantage of the communications improvements made possible by the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) revolution. E-government is adopted with the purpose of improving the services and delivery provided by the government to its citizens (Imran and Gregor, 2007). E-government services systems aim to provide many benefits such as improving the processes and operations of government services and enhancing information sharing between the government and public.
The intelligent campus is “intelligent” because it increases the connectivity and mobility of the campus, promotes the security of people and property and boost efficiency. Intelligent campus (Kwok, 2015) refers to a new paradigm of thinking which encompasses themes such as social networking and communications, green and ICT sustainability with intelligent sensor management systems, protective and preventive healthcare, smart building management with automated security control and surveillance. Figure 1 shows that campus management tasks are not limited to the academic functions of education and research, but are practically similar to managing a city: sustainability, security, retail and leisure and infrastructure. This part of the paper examines the impact of intelligent technologies on the
Technology has helped transform our lives. Through e-commerce, businesses are connected and can send information across the globe almost instantaneously. The same is true of everyday people and consumers. As technology evolves, it is also becoming more affordable. Innovation and affordability are two major factors in this technological evolution.
They use internet for communicating with the worldwide business territory. Kaya Tyres and Auto Service depend for supplies on the local market this make easier for them to maintain a strong supply chain. Kaya Tyres and Auto Service emphasized on the advertisement for making effective communication with their customers. They take huge promotional activities while launching new product like press conference, web advertisement, television commercial, sponsoring various cultural activities etc. As a result, it seems to be easier for them to aware the customers.
“Communication has been made easier for example the internet brought e-mail and chatting facilities” (Admin, 2012). They now have Skype available on some mobile devices to make it more convenient to use the app. Employment opportunities have defiantly increased because of technology. They have made it to where you can work from home. This makes it easy and more efficient to get your work done.
Smart Village tries to increase facilities for the citizen by taking decisions democratically and in which the youth, women, farmers, village artisans, backward and deprived people may get equal opportunity for development. The core infrastructure elements in a smart village would include: • Ample water supply, • Guaranteed electricity supply, • Sanitation, including solid waste management, • Competent urban mobility and public transport, • House for everyone, • Better agriculture support, • Accessibility to government schemes • Stout IT connectivity and digitalization, • Good governance, • Eco-friendly environment, • Safety and security of citizens, women empowerment, • Health and
1. Introduction The current concentration on technology creates new challenges for universities and higher educational institutes, which consider the potential of mobile learning as a subset of e-learning to increase thetransformation paradigm. They are facing exponential increases in demand for a higher level university education due to the crucial global competition between the universities, changing of the nature of understanding and observing knowledge and increasing student perspectives as well as improving student technological knowledge and skills. The combination of wireless services and computer devices has driven revolutional change and educational attention. It allows the student freedom to use it wherever and whenever it is needed, as it is affordable, effective, and easy to use.