The Importance Of A Universal Standard Of English

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A universal standard of English
Kachru’s model shows the existence of a whole world of Englishes. This diversity is a source of an ongoing debate about a universal standard variation. The main reason for this debate is the fear that the use of non-standard varieties of English “will lead to a lack of intelligibility among speakers of English” (McKay and Bokhorst-Heng, 2008, p.140). Randolph Quirk, on the one hand, argues that there is a need for a common standard in all three circles of English. In his point of view, “tolerance for variation in language use was educationally damaging in Anglophone countries” (McKay and Bokhorst-Heng, 2008, p. 140). This indicates Quirk’s support of a monolithic model, which uses native speakers as models. The supporters of this model argue that if various local standards will develop, the varieties of English across the world would become mutually unintelligible (ibid, p. 141).
On the other hand, those who does not share this fear, argue that there is a need to look anew on the traditional notions of the English language standardisation. Kachru (1985) points out that “the native speakers … seem to have lost the exclusive prerogative to control its standardization; in fact … they have become a minority” (p.30). One of his key questions of intelligibility is the meaning of intelligibility on different linguistic levels (Kachru, 1992, p.64). Both Kachru (1992, p. 65) and Smith (1992, p.76) argue that the native speakers are not necessarily

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