Islam is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God, and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable and that the purpose of existence is to worship God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Although a large majority of Muslims do maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been partially misinterpreted
But those who are too arrogant to worship me will surely find themselves in hell, in humiliation. (Qur’an 40:60). The above mentioned Qur’an verse clearly shows the important of seeking help and supplicating to Allah. Dua’a in Islam is a spiritual means by which the believer praises, beseeching for help and guidance from Allah Almighty. It is a great form of worship in Islam, it serves as the weapon for the believer, it is the crucial bond between the creator and His slaves and also the best thing that Allah Almighty requests from His servant to engage in day and night, though Allah Almighty is not in need of any creation.
“And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can change His Words. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.” The above mentioned Quranic verse illustrates that Shariah is corresponding with truth and justice. Implementing shariah does not lead people to the errors and injustice as it is divinely ordained and, therefore, binding people to uphold them. According to Islam, shariah is comprehensive and universal.
Islam was not intended for a particular social or ethnic group, so anyone could join the religion to become a believer. As seen before with Assyrian and Persian empires, “You catch more bees with honey than vinegar.” The difference between the Assyrian’s heavy, militaristic rule and the compassion of the Persians led to Persia surviving longer. The empire’s system of conquering and not forcing Islam on residents made them a more attractive kingdom to be ruled under. Because of this the caliphate expanded and the rule eventually turned from the Umayyads to the Abbasids. With the Abbasids came economic prosperity.
Other Important matters concerning Islamic Jurisprudence: (fiq , fatwa) Other important matters concerning Islamic Jurisprudence would include the Fiqh and Fatwa. Fiqh means the knowledge about Islamic rulings from their sources, people try to understand the divine law, Shariah, of which is infallible. Fiqh is fallible and changeable, it is distinguished from al-fiqh, the methods of legal interpretation and analysis. Fiqh is the product of application of uaul al-fiqh, the total product of human efforts at understanding the divine will. A hukm is a particular ruling in a given case.
We seek refuse in Allah, from the mischief of our souls Discourses On Islamic Way Of Life (Vol: VIII) 98 And from our evil deeds. He whom Allah guides none can mislead and whom He leaves to stray none can guide. And, we bear witness that there is no god except Allah Who is Alone and has no partner, and we bear witness that Sayyidina Muhammad is His servant and Messenger-May Allah bless him and (likewise) his family and Companions. And may He favour him and give him peace. We have it from Abu Musa al Ashari that the Messenger of Allahhas said “A Muslim is he from whose tongue and hands other Muslims are Safe.” (Tirmizi, Book of Faith, Chapter 12) He Is Not A True Muslim This Hadith is transmitted by Sayyidina Abu Musa al-Ashari and it implies that a Muslim is one who does not cause trouble to another Muslim by his tongue or by his hand.
Islam has al-Qur’an and Sunnah as the sources of the guidelines. Both al-Qur’an and Sunnah contained of problems, solutions, warnings, kindness and threats. Islam regulates all aspects of human life, from simple matters until the hereafter life. Furthermore, Islam is not for Muslim only but for the entire human life. Islam also gives the human concept of the problems associated with worldly
Characteristics of Islam miracles The miracles of Islam do not gather faith to pour it in hearts all at once just like a torrent which is too roaring to be measured, or like lightning which is too bright to be delimited and too strenuous to be probed. They, rather, announce the first signs of belief to hearts just like announcing the first signs of the dawn to the dark universe, and then they revive it like the revival of the dawn when it begins feeble despite its strength and invisible despite its emergence. Then the light rises little by little, and the morning beams bit by bit. The horizon radiates, the sun shines, and the forenoon rises up so that no sight doubts it and no insight denies it. The clear signs of Islam are very strong to the extent that they leave no room for excuse and disclose the secret.
With this in mind, it is possible to state that Islam at least does not contradict with the ideas of humanism as thinkers assume that some universal law could be created. Moreover, the author also suggests the idea that the human character of Islam and respect towards human rights could be proved by the fact that according to this religion all people are equal to God. (Sachedina 11). This point could also prove democratic and tolerant inclinations of Islam. With this in mind, the author concludes that the idea that the Islamic law has no right to exist in terms of humanistic approach towards a human being is completely wrong and full of prejudices.
One of the characteristics of Islam is religion of moderation (Wasatiyyah). In Arabic its means middle, mid-ground and centrism. It means equality between two things. So in Islam all things are said to be equal in both aspects. The main focus for this is to show balancing extreme and fanatical acts on a man’s life.