B) Maya architecture also incorporates various art forms and hieroglyphic texts. Masonry architecture built by the Maya recommended craft specialization, central organization, and political power. The architecture was a remarkable achievement because they built great pyramids, stone palaces, temples, ball courts and other ritual buildings that require lots of effort to make. In fact, "for the single home of a Copan nobleman, It has been estimated that at least 80 to 130 workers would have been employed full time to finish in two to three months." (Document B)
Pharaoh Snefru was a kind king of the people in Ancient Egypt he had made a contract with the bedouin tribe to keep control over the mines and quarries in the desert areas of Sinai. Snefru had also led amazing military campaigns against the king of Nubia and the results of his actions against the nubian empire resulted in the gain of 7000 prisoners and 200000 oxen and sheep. Snefru was the first king to use the oval cartouche, as opposed to the rectangular serekh, to frame his name when it was written down. Pharaoh Snefru was liked so much that the people of Ancient Egypt called him the beauty maker because all he had brought to the mighty Ancient Egypt was justice and
In both the centres of Olmec civilization, at San Lorenzo and then La Venta, numerous large clay platforms are raised. At their top there are believed to have been temples, or perhaps sometimes palaces, built of wood. The concept of climbing up to a place of religious significance becomes the central theme of pre-Columbian architecture. Its natural conclusion is the pyramid, with steps by which priests and pilgrims climb to the top (unlike the smooth-sided tomb pyramids of Egypt). La Venta initiates this long American tradition too.
It was usually decorated with gold for the higher class, and copper for the lower class. Along the outside of the tomb would be a story of the person 's life written in hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics were the writing system used by the Ancient Egyptians and they were pictures or symbols that represented a story of one 's life. Finally, the Egyptians held huge ceremonies for the burying of a body into a tomb. A tomb had a large luxuriant room where only family members were allowed to visit the Sarcophagus.
For living in a time period where there was not a lot of technological advances that would help them build what they wanted at a faster pace, they had to learn to work with what they had. They also had to learn how to work with materials to be able to make the magnificent and amazing temples, that they are known for. “ The general temple-pyramid consisted of a platform, a long, broad, steep double staircase going up the center, with balustrades going up the sides of the steps. The Aztecs used sculpted stone blocks and skulls to decorate the platform and the ends of the balustrades” (General Construction of Pyramid-Temples). The Aztecs used and made platforms and tools that would help them make their temples better and better each time.
The period in Egyptian history known as the Amarna period flourished during this time. King Akhenaten and his Queen Nefertiti are shown in many reliefs and rock cut tombs worshipping and in a devoting demeanor of the sun disc, Aten. These scenes have been found throughout the city of Atens. The tombs of the Akhenaten’s officials have been found to have the words of hymns devoted to Aten that strongly and publicly the king’s monotheistic
He had great army tactics. Having a great army is an important role because if you have a weak army, the place that you are ruling would be unprotected. Due to his great army tactics, he and his army protected Ancient Egypt for 66 years. Also, he build the most architects. Specifically, he build the Ramesseum and Abu Simbel.
In ancient Egypt government and religion were really close. The Pharaoh has been the leader of the Egyptians since the beginning of Egypt. He was the ruler of the people recognized as the common, that includes the slaves, and of the people who had a great deal of money. He can construct laws, demolish laws, lead his army of men. The Pharaoh was helped by a hierarchy of advisors, priests, officials, and administrators, who were responsible for the concern of the state and the well-being of the people.
The Mayans’ greatest achievement was neither developing a calendar, nor establishing a complex trade system- but rather, the building of their gigantic cities. But what defines excellency? The answer can be categorized into four sections: significance, scale, genius, and effort. The ancient Mayan civilization thrived in isolation, and it wasn’t until recently that we began to truly appreciate their culture and accomplishments.
The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome depict the splendor of these two cultures. Starting with the Parthenon, it was completely constructed in 432 B.C.E by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to honor the Athen’s patron deity, Athena, and to house her statue. It is rectangular and consisted of a series of Doric columns. However, it is a mixture of the Doric and Ionic orders. The Pentelic marble, bronze, gold, and ivory are the basic media used in this construction.
Egyptian Art The Significance of the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt The tomb structures represent the great architectural designs of ancient Egypt. Interestingly, the development of the tomb structures dates back to the time of Predynastic Architecture (3100 BCE),when the Egyptian societies in both Lower and Upper Egypt followed different burial customs. This made the tomb buildings to varygreatly at the time.
They also developed the world 's first known form of writing called cuneiform. They used clay tablets to write on (Document 1). Uruk is one of the most important cities in Ancient Mesopotamia. The reason for this is because, the origin of writing originated here. The city of Ur was a very important trade center.
The civilizations that flourished in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Palestine were located in river valleys or along the Mediterranean coast. These civilizations developed highly complex cultures that shared many common characteristics. Egyptians were a very advanced civilization due to their inventions and technology. The Old Kingdom, which first began in 2650 B.C as stated in the timeline of Document 1, was defined by its many great pyramids and monuments. From there on in the ancient Egyptian timeline, Egyptians surpassed other civilizations through their many remarkable advancements and achievements.
Thomas S. Stewart also incorporated the building’s enclosure such as granite obelisks for gateposts and a cast-iron railing running between herm figures, often mistaken for mummies. The Egyptian Building is now still used by many students, faculty, and staff on the MCV campus of VCU. The Egyptian building was known as the first permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College and later the Medical College of Virginia. Considered as the finest example of Egyptian revival architecture was an addition to the national register of historic places in 1969.Originally the building housed medical lecture rooms, a dissecting room, an infirmary and hospital beds for medical and surgical cases. The buildings foundation varied from brick, stucco and cast iron.
This was for symbolism and convince of carving the marble, as the builders pleased. There was an extensive use of cement and concrete to build the dome. There were different compositions of concrete used, however the exact recipe is unknown, as it got lost in history along the way. This contributes to the lack of primary source evidence. Towards the top of the dome the cement used contains traces of volcanic rock.